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1 Timothy 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for it is sanctified through the word of God and prayer.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for it is sanctified by means of the word of God and prayer.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For it is sanctified by the word of God, and prayer.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for it is sanctified by God's word and freely addressing [him].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For it is hallowed by the word of God and intercession,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for it is sanctified through the word of God and intercession.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For it is sanctified by the word of God, and prayer.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for it is sanctified by the word of Aloha, and by prayer.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— for it is sanctified by the word of God and by prayer.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
it is sanctified 37
{0037} Prime
From G0040; to make holy, that is, (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate.
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
by 1223
{1223} Prime
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the word 3056
{3056} Prime
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
prayer. 1783
{1783} Prime
From G1793; an interview, that is, (specifically) supplication.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 4:4-5.

1 Timothy 4:5

_ _ sanctified — “hallowed”; set apart as holy for the use of believing men: separated from “the creature,” which is under the bondage of vanity and corruption (Romans 8:19, etc.). Just as in the Lord’s Supper, the thanksgiving prayer sanctifies the elements, separating them from their naturally alien position in relation to the spiritual world, and transferring them to their true relation to the new life. So in every use of the creature, thanksgiving prayer has the same effect, and ought always to be used (1 Corinthians 10:30, 1 Corinthians 10:31).

_ _ by the word of God and prayer — that is, “by means of intercessory prayer” (so the Greek) — that is, consecratory prayer in behalf of “the creature” or food — that prayer mainly consisting of “the word of God.” The Apostolic Constitutions [7.49], give this ancient grace, almost wholly consisting of Scripture, “Blessed art thou, O Lord, who feedest me from my youth, who givest food to all flesh: Fill our hearts with joy and gladness, that we, having all sufficiency, may abound unto every good work in Christ Jesus our Lord, through whom glory, honor, and might, be to thee for ever. Amen.” In the case of inspired men, “the word of God” would refer to their inspired prayers (1 Kings 17:1); but as Paul speaks in general, including uninspired men’s thanksgiving for meals, the “word of God” more probably refers to the Scripture words used in thanksgiving prayers.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 4:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 4:5

It is sanctified by the word of God — Creating all, and giving it to man for food. And by prayer — The children of God are to pray for the sanctification of all the creatures which they use. And not only the Christians, but even the Jews, yea, the very heathens used to consecrate their table by prayer.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 4:5

(8) For it is (d) sanctified by the (e) word of God and prayer.

(8) He properly uses God's benefits who acknowledges the giver of them by his word, and calls upon him.

(d) It is so made pure and holy in respect of us, so that we may use it with a good conscience, as received from the Lord's hands.

(e) We confess and acknowledge that God is the maker and giver of those creatures which we use. Secondly, that we are of the number of those, who through Christ's benefit, have recovered that right over all creatures, which Adam lost by his fall. Thirdly, by our prayers we crave of the Lord that we may use those meats with a good conscience, which we receive from his hands. Fourthly, we make an end of our eating and drinking, with thanksgiving and prayer: and so are our meats sanctified to us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
1 Corinthians 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.
Titus 1:15 Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.


Luke 4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.
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Lk 4:4; 11:41. 1Co 7:14. 1Ti 4:3. Tit 1:15.

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