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1 Timothy 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For to this end we labor and strive, because we have our hope set on the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of them that believe.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For it is for this we labor and strive, because we have fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of believers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For therefore we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God who is the Savior of all men, especially of those that believe.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for, for this we labour and suffer reproach, because we hope in a living God, who is preserver of all men, specially of those that believe.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, to this end, are we toiling and contending, because we have set our hope on a Living God, Who is Saviour of all men—specially, of such as believe.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for for this we both labour and are reproached, because we hope on the living God, who is Saviour of all men—especially of those believing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For therefore we labour and are reviled, because we hope in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, especially of the faithful.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For therfore we both labour, and suffer reproch, because we trust in the liuing God, who is the Sauiour of all men, specially of those that beleeue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— for on this account we labour and are reproached, because we hope in Aloha the Living, who is the Saviour of all men, and especially of the believers.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For on this account, we toil and suffer reproach; because we trust in the living God, who is the life-giver of all men, especially of the believers.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
therefore 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
we y2872
[2872] Standard
κοπιάω
kopiao
{kop-ee-ah'-o}
From a derivative of G2873; to feel fatigue; by implication to work hard.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
both 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
labour 2872
{2872} Prime
κοπιάω
kopiao
{kop-ee-ah'-o}
From a derivative of G2873; to feel fatigue; by implication to work hard.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
suffer reproach, 3679
{3679} Prime
ὀνειδίζω
oneidizo
{on-i-did'-zo}
From G3681; to defame, that is, rail at, chide, taunt.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
we trust 1679
{1679} Prime
ἐλπίζω
elpizo
{el-pid'-zo}
From G1680; to expect or confide.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the living 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
who 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the Saviour 4990
{4990} Prime
σωτήρ
soter
{so-tare'}
From G4982; a deliverer, that is, God or Christ.
of all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
men, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
specially 3122
{3122} Prime
μάλιστα
malista
{mal'-is-tah}
Neuter plural of the superlative of an apparently primary adverb μάλα [[mala]] (very); (adverb) most (in the greatest degree) or particularly.
of those that believe. 4103
{4103} Prime
πιστός
pistos
{pis-tos'}
From G3982; objectively trustworthy; subjectively trustful.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 4:10

_ _ thereforeGreek, “with a view to this.” The reason why “we both (‘both’ is omitted in the oldest manuscripts) labor (endure hardship) and suffer reproach (some oldest manuscripts read ‘strive’) is because we have rested, and do rest our hope, on the living (and therefore, life-giving, 1 Timothy 4:8) God.”

_ _ Saviour — even in this life (1 Timothy 4:8).

_ _ specially of those that believe — Their “labor and reproach” are not inconsistent with their having from the living God, their Savior, even the present life (Mark 10:30, “a hundred fold now in this time ... with persecutions”), much more the life to come. If God is in a sense “Savior” of unbelievers (1 Timothy 2:4, that is, is willing to be so everlastingly, and is temporally here their Preserver and Benefactor), much more of believers. He is the Savior of all men potentially (1 Timothy 1:15); of believers alone effectually.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 4:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 4:10

Therefore — Animated by this promise. We both labour and suffer reproach — We regard neither pleasure, ease, nor honour. Because we trust — For this very thing the world will hate us. In the living God — Who will give us the life he has promised. Who is the Saviour of all men — Preserving them in this life, and willing to save them eternally. But especially — In a more eminent manner. Of them that believe — And so are saved everlastingly.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
therefore:

1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
2 Corinthians 4:8-10 [We are] troubled on every side, yet not distressed; [we are] perplexed, but not in despair; ... Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.
2 Corinthians 6:3-10 Giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed: ... As sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and [yet] possessing all things.
2 Corinthians 11:23-27 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
2 Timothy 2:9-10 Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, [even] unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound. ... Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
2 Timothy 3:10-12 But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, ... Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
Hebrews 11:26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.
Hebrews 13:13 Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
1 Peter 4:14-15 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. ... But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or [as] a thief, or [as] an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.

because:

1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
Psalms 37:40 And the LORD shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them, because they trust in him.
Psalms 52:8 But I [am] like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever.
Psalms 84:12 O LORD of hosts, blessed [is] the man that trusteth in thee.
Psalms 118:8 [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.
Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God [is] my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH [is] my strength and [my] song; he also is become my salvation.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
Jeremiah 17:7 Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is.
Daniel 3:28 [Then] Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, Blessed [be] the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God.
Nahum 1:7 The LORD [is] good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him.
Matthew 27:43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
Romans 15:12-13 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust. ... Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

the living:

1 Timothy 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.

the saviour:

1 Timothy 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
Psalms 36:6 Thy righteousness [is] like the great mountains; thy judgments [are] a great deep: O LORD, thou preservest man and beast.
Psalms 107:2 Let the redeemed of the LORD say [so], whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy;
Psalms 107:6-43 Then they cried unto the LORD in their trouble, [and] he delivered them out of their distresses. ... Whoso [is] wise, and will observe these [things], even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the LORD.
Isaiah 45:21-22 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me. ... Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
John 3:15-17 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. ... For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for [the sins of] the whole world.
1 John 4:14 And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son [to be] the Saviour of the world.

specially:

John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
1 John 5:10-13 He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. ... These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 36:6; 37:40; 52:8; 84:12; 107:2, 6; 118:8. Is 12:2; 45:21; 50:10. Jr 17:7. Dn 3:28. Na 1:7. Mt 27:43. Jn 1:29; 3:15; 5:24. Ro 15:12. 1Co 4:9. 2Co 4:8; 6:3; 11:23. 1Ti 2:4, 6; 3:15; 6:17. 2Ti 2:9; 3:10. He 11:26; 13:13. 1P 1:21; 4:14. 1Jn 2:2; 4:14; 5:10.

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