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1 Timothy 3:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let deacons be husbands of one wife, ruling [their] children and their own houses well.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Deacons must be husbands of [only] one wife, [and] good managers of [their] children and their own households.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children, and their own houses well.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let [the] ministers be husbands of one wife, conducting [their] children and their own houses well:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let, ministers, be husbands of, one wife, over children, presiding, well, and over their own houses;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Ministrants—let them be of one wife husbands; the children leading well, and their own houses,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let deacons be the husbands of one wife: who rule well their children and their own houses.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let the Deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children, and their owne houses well.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The ministers shall be (of them) severally who have one wife, and shall rule each his children and his household well.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Let the deacons be such as have each one wife and guide well their children and households.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let y2077
[2077] Standard
ἔστο
esto
{es'-to}
Second person singular present imperative and third person of G1510; be thou; let them be.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the deacons 1249
{1249} Prime
διάκονος
diakonos
{dee-ak'-on-os}
Probably from διάκω [[diako]] (obsolete, to run on errands; compare G1377); an attendant, that is, (generally) a waiter (at table or in other menial duties); specifically a Christian teacher and pastor (technically a deacon or deaconess).
be 2077
{2077} Prime
ἔστο
esto
{es'-to}
Second person singular present imperative and third person of G1510; be thou; let them be.
z5749
<5749> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 23
the husbands 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
of one 3391
{3391} Prime
μία
mia
{mee'-ah}
Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first.
wife, 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
ruling 4291
{4291} Prime
προΐστημι
proistemi
{pro-is'-tay-mee}
From G4253 and G2476; to stand before, that is, (in rank) to preside, or (by implication) to practise.
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
their children 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
their own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
houses 3624
{3624} Prime
οἶκος
oikos
{oy'-kos}
Of uncertain affinity; a dwelling (more or less extensive, literally or figuratively); by implication a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively).
well. 2573
{2573} Prime
καλῶς
kalos
{kal-oce'}
Adverb from G2570; well (usually morally).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 3:12

_ _ husbands of one wife — (See on 1 Timothy 3:2).

_ _ ruling their children — There is no article in the Greek, “ruling children”; implying that he regarded the having children to rule as a qualification (1 Timothy 3:4; Titus 1:6).

_ _ their own houses — as distinguished from “the Church of God” (see on 1 Timothy 3:5). In the case of the deacons, as in that of the bishops, he mentions the first condition of receiving office, rather than the special qualifications for its discharge. The practical side of Christianity is the one most dwelt on in the Pastoral Epistles, in opposition to the heretical teachers; moreover, as the miraculous gifts began to be withdrawn, the safest criterion of efficiency would be the previous moral character of the candidate, the disposition and talent for the office being presupposed. So in Acts 6:3, a similar criterion was applied, “Look ye out among you seven men of honest report.” Less stress is laid on personal dignity in the case of the deacon than in that of the bishop (compare Notes, see on 1 Timothy 3:2, 1 Timothy 3:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 3:8-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 3:12

(5) Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.

(5) They that have than one wife, at one time, must neither by called to be ministers, nor to be deacons.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 3:4-5 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity; ... (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ti 3:2, 4.

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