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1 Timothy 2:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I desire therefore that the men pray in every place, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and disputing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I will therefore that the men pray in every place, lifting up pious hands, without wrath or reasoning.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I am minded, therefore, that—the men in every place be offering prayer, uplifting hands of lovingkindness, apart from anger and disputings;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I wish, therefore, that men pray in every place, lifting up kind hands, apart from anger and reasoning;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I will therefore that men pray in every place, lifting up pure hands, without anger and contention.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I will therefore that men pray euery where, lifting vp holy handes without wrath, and doubting.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I wish then for men to pray in every place, uplifting their hands purely and without wrath and without disputations.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I desire therefore, that men may pray in every place, while they lift up their hands with purity, without wrath, and without disputations.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I will 1014
{1014} Prime
Middle voice of a primary verb; to 'will', that is, (reflexively) be willing.
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
that men 435
{0435} Prime
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
pray 4336
{4336} Prime
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
every 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
[1722] Standard
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
where, 5117
{5117} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
lifting up 1869
{1869} Prime
From G1909 and G0142; to raise up (literally or figuratively).
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
holy 3741
{3741} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; properly right (by intrinsic or divine character; thus distinguished from G1342, which refers rather to human statutes and relations; from G2413, which denotes formal consecration; and from G0040, which relates to purity from defilement), that is, hallowed (pious, sacred, sure).
hands, 5495
{5495} Prime
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
without 5565
{5565} Prime
Adverb from G5561; at a space, that is, separately or apart from (often as preposition).
wrath 3709
{3709} Prime
From G3713; properly desire (as a reaching forth or excitement of the mind), that is, (by analogy) violent passion (ire, or [justifiable] abhorrence); by implication punishment.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
doubting. 1261
{1261} Prime
From G1260; discussion, that is, (internal) consideration (by implication purpose), or (external) debate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 2:8

_ _ I will — The active wish, or desire, is meant.

_ _ that men — rather as Greek, “that the men,” as distinguished from “the women,” to whom he has something different to say from what he said to the men (1 Timothy 2:9-12; 1 Corinthians 11:14, 1 Corinthians 11:15; 1 Corinthians 14:34, 1 Corinthians 14:35). The emphasis, however, is not on this, but on the precept of praying, resumed from 1 Timothy 2:1.

_ _ everywhereGreek, “in every place,” namely, of public prayer. Fulfilling Malachi 1:11, “In every place ... from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same ... incense shall be offered unto My name”; and Jesus’ words, Matthew 18:20; John 4:21, John 4:23.

_ _ lifting up holy hands — The early Christians turned up their palms towards heaven, as those craving help do. So also Solomon (1 Kings 8:22; Psalms 141:2). The Jews washed their hands before prayer (Psalms 26:6). Paul figuratively (compare Job 17:9; James 4:8) uses language alluding to this custom here: so Isaiah 1:15, Isaiah 1:16. The Greek for “holy” means hands which have committed no impiety, and observed every sacred duty. This (or at least the contrite desire to be so) is a needful qualification for effectual prayer (Psalms 24:3, Psalms 24:4).

_ _ without wrathputting it away (Matthew 5:23, Matthew 5:24; Matthew 6:15).

_ _ doubting — rather, “disputing,” as the Greek is translated in Philippians 2:14. Such things hinder prayer (Luke 9:46; Romans 14:1; 1 Peter 3:7). Bengel supports English Version (compare an instance, 2 Kings 7:2; Matthew 14:31; Mark 11:22-24; James 1:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 2:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 2:8

I will — A word strongly expressing his apostolical authority. Therefore — This particle connects 1 Timothy 2:8 with 1 Timothy 2:1. That men pray in every place — Public and private. Wherever men are, there prayer should be. Lifting up holy hands — Pure from all known sin. Without wrath — In any kind, against any creature. And every temper or motion of our soul that is not according to love is wrath. And doubting — Which is contrary to faith. And wrath, or unholy actions, or want of faith in him we call upon, are the three grand hinderances of God's hearing our petitions. Christianity consists of faith and love, embracing truth and grace: therefore the sum of our wishes should be, to pray, and live, and die, without any wrath or doubt.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 2:8

(6) I will therefore that men pray every where, (d) lifting up holy hands, without (e) wrath and (f) doubting.

(6) He has spoken of the persons for whom we must pray: and now he teaches that the difference of places is taken away: for in times past, only one nation, and in one certain place, came together to public service. But now churches or congregations are gathered together everywhere, (orderly and decently), and men come together to serve God publicly with common prayer. Neither must we strive for the nation, or for the purification of the body, or for the place, but for the mind, to have it clear from all offence, and full of sure trust and confidence.

(d) He talks of the sign for the thing itself, the lifting up of hands for the calling upon God.

(e) Without the griefs and offences of the mind, which hinder us from calling upon God with a good conscience.

(f) Doubting, which is against faith; (James 1:6).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will:

1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
1 Corinthians 7:7 For I would that all men were even as I myself. But every man hath his proper gift of God, one after this manner, and another after that.
Titus 3:8 [This is] a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.


2 Chronicles 33:11-12 Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon. ... And when he was in affliction, he besought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,
Psalms 130:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD. ... Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications.
Lamentations 3:55-56 I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon. ... Thou hast heard my voice: hide not thine ear at my breathing, at my cry.
Jonah 2:1-2 Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly, ... And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice.
Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name [shall be] great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense [shall be] offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name [shall be] great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
Luke 23:42-43 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. ... And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
John 4:21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
John 4:23-24 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. ... God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit and in truth.
Acts 21:5 And when we had accomplished those days, we departed and went our way; and they all brought us on our way, with wives and children, till [we were] out of the city: and we kneeled down on the shore, and prayed.


Job 16:17 Not for [any] injustice in mine hands: also my prayer [is] pure.
Psalms 26:6 I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O LORD:
Psalms 66:18 If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear [me]:
Psalms 134:2 Lift up your hands [in] the sanctuary, and bless the LORD.
Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright [is] his delight.
Proverbs 21:27 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
Isaiah 1:15 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
Isaiah 58:7-11 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
Jeremiah 7:9-10 Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; ... And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?
Malachi 1:9-10 And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious unto us: this hath been by your means: will he regard your persons? saith the LORD of hosts. ... Who [is there] even among you that would shut the doors [for nought]? neither do ye kindle [fire] on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
Acts 10:2 [A] devout [man], and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
Acts 10:4 And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
Acts 10:31 And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God.
Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded.
1 John 3:20-22 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. ... And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight.


1 Kings 3:11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment;
Psalms 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing [was] sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
Matthew 5:22-24 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. ... Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.
Matthew 5:44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Matthew 6:14-15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: ... But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Mark 11:25 And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.
Luke 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
Acts 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.


Matthew 21:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this [which is done] to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.
Mark 11:23-24 For verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he saith. ... Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive [them], and ye shall have [them].
James 1:6-8 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. ... A double minded man [is] unstable in all his ways.
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1K 3:11. 2Ch 33:11. Jb 16:17. Ps 26:6; 35:13; 66:18; 130:1; 134:2. Pv 15:8; 21:27. Is 1:15; 58:7. Jr 7:9. Lm 3:55. Jna 2:1. Mal 1:9, 11. Mt 5:22, 44; 6:12, 14; 21:21. Mk 11:23, 25. Lk 23:34, 42. Jn 4:21, 23. Ac 7:60; 10:2, 4, 31; 21:5. 1Co 7:7. 1Ti 5:14. Tit 3:8. He 10:22. Jm 1:6; 4:8. 1P 3:7. 1Jn 3:20.

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