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1 Timothy 2:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For there is one God, one mediator also between God and men, [himself] man, Christ Jesus,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For there is one God, [and] one mediator also between God and men, [the] man Christ Jesus,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For God is one, and [the] mediator of God and men one, [the] man Christ Jesus,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For there is, one, God, one, mediator also, between God and men,—a man—Christ Jesus:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for one [is] God, one also [is] mediator of God and of men, the man Christ Jesus,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For there is one God: and one mediator of God and men, the man Christ Jesus:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For [there is] one God, and one Mediatour betweene God and men, the man Christ Iesus,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For one is Aloha, and one is the Mediator of Aloha and of men; the man Jeshu Meshiha,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For God is one; and the mediator between God and men is one, [namely] the man Jesus the Messiah;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
[there is] one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
mediator 3316
{3316} Prime
μεσίτης
mesites
{mes-ee'-tace}
From G3319; a go between, that is, (simply) an internunciator, or (by implication) a reconciler (intercessor).
between God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
men, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
the man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jesus; 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 2:5

_ _ For there is one God — God’s unity in essence and purpose is a proof of His comprehending all His human children alike (created in His image) in His offer of grace (compare the same argument from His unity, Romans 3:30; Galatians 3:20); therefore all are to be prayed for. 1 Timothy 2:4 is proved from 1 Timothy 2:5; 1 Timothy 2:1, from 1 Timothy 2:4. The one God is common to all (Isaiah 45:22; Acts 17:26). The one Mediator is mediator between God and all men potentially (Romans 3:29; Ephesians 4:5, Ephesians 4:6; Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24). They who have not this one God by one Mediator, have none: literally, a “go-between.” The Greek order is not “and one mediator,” but “one mediator also between ... While God will have all men to be saved by knowing God and the Mediator, there is a legitimate, holy order in the exercise of that will wherewith men ought to receive it. All mankind constitute, as it were, ONE MAN before God [Bengel].

_ _ the man — rather “man,” absolutely and genetically: not a mere individual man: the Second Head of humanity, representing and embodying in Himself the whole human race and nature. There is no “the” in the Greek. This epithet is thus the strongest corroboration of his argument, namely, that Christ’s mediation affects the whole race, since there is but the one Mediator, designed as the Representative Man for all men alike (compare Romans 5:15; 1 Corinthians 8:6; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Colossians 2:14). His being “man” was necessary to His being a Mediator, sympathizing with us through experimental knowledge of our nature (Isaiah 50:4; Hebrews 2:14; Hebrews 4:15). Even in nature, almost all blessings are conveyed to us from God, not immediately, but through the mediation of various agents. The effectual intercession of Moses for Israel (Numbers 14:13-19, and Deuteronomy 9:1-29); of Abraham for Abimelech (Genesis 20:7); of Job for his friends (Job 42:10), the mediation being PRESCRIBED by God while declaring His purposes of forgiveness: all prefigure the grand mediation for all by the one Mediator. On the other hand, 1 Timothy 3:16 asserts that He was also God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 2:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 2:5

For — 1 Timothy 2:4 is proved by 1 Timothy 2:5; 1 Timothy 2:1, by 1 Timothy 2:4. There is one God — And they who have not him, through the one Mediator, have no God. One mediator also — We could not rejoice that there is a God, were there not a mediator also; one who stands between God and men, to reconcile man to God, and to transact the whole affair of our salvation. This excludes all other mediators, as saints and angels, whom the Papists set up and idolatrously worship as such: just as the heathens of old set up many mediators, to pacify their superior gods. The man — Therefore all men are to apply to this mediator, "who gave himself for all."

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 2:5

(4) For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the (b) man Christ Jesus;

(4) God should not otherwise be manifested to be the only God of all men, unless he should show his goodness in saving all types of men. Neither should Christ be seen to be the only mediator between God and all types of men, by having taken upon him that nature of man which is common to all men, unless he had satisfied for all types of men, and made intercession for all.

(b) Christ Jesus who was made man.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
one God:

Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God [is] one LORD:
Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.
Mark 12:29-33 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: ... And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love [his] neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
Romans 3:29-30 [Is he] the God of the Jews only? [is he] not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: ... Seeing [it is] one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Romans 10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us [there is but] one God, the Father, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
Galatians 3:20 Now a mediator is not [a mediator] of one, but God is one.
Ephesians 4:6 One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.

and:

Job 9:33 Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, [that] might lay his hand upon us both.
Hebrews 7:25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
Hebrews 8:6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel.

the man:

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Luke 2:10-11 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. ... For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
1 Corinthians 15:45-47 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit. ... The first man [is] of the earth, earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from heaven.
Philippians 2:6-8 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: ... And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Hebrews 2:6-13 But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? ... And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
Revelation 1:13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks [one] like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle.
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Dt 6:4. Jb 9:33. Is 44:6. Mt 1:23. Mk 12:29. Lk 2:10. Jn 1:14; 17:3. Ro 3:29; 10:12. 1Co 8:6; 15:45. Ga 3:20. Ep 4:6. Php 2:6. He 2:6; 7:25; 8:6; 9:15; 12:24. Rv 1:13.

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