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1 Timothy 2:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Adam was not beguiled, but the woman being beguiled hath fallen into transgression:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And [it was] not Adam [who] was deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Adam was not deceived; but the woman, having been deceived, was in transgression.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, Adam, was not deceived, whereas, the woman, having been wholly deceived, hath come to be, in transgression;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Adam was not deceived, but the woman, having been deceived, into transgression came,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Adam was not seduced; but the woman, being seduced, was in the transgression.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Adam was not deceiued, but the woman being deceiued was in the transgression:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and Adam was not deceived, but the wife was deceived, and transgressed the commandment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Adam was not seduced, but the woman was seduced and transgressed the command.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Adam 76
{0076} Prime
Of Hebrew origin [H0121]; Adam, the first man; typically (of Jesus) man (as his representative).
was y538
[0538] Standard
Of uncertain derivation; to cheat, that is, delude.
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
deceived, 538
{0538} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; to cheat, that is, delude.
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
but 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
woman 1135
{1135} Prime
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
being deceived 538
{0538} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; to cheat, that is, delude.
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
was 1096
{1096} Prime
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
<5754> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 97
in 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the transgression. 3847
{3847} Prime
From G3845; violation.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 2:14

_ _ Adam was not deceived — as Eve was deceived by the serpent; but was persuaded by his wife. Genesis 3:17, “hearkened unto ... voice of ... wife.” But in Genesis 3:13, Eve says, “The serpent beguiled me.” Being more easily deceived, she more easily deceives [Bengel], (2 Corinthians 11:3). Last in being, she was first in sin — indeed, she alone was deceived. The subtle serpent knew that she was “the weaker vessel” (1 Peter 3:7). He therefore tempted her, not Adam. She yielded to the temptations of sense and the deceits of Satan; he, to conjugal love. Hence, in the order of God’s judicial sentence, the serpent, the prime offender, stands first; the woman, who was deceived, next; and the man, persuaded by his wife, last (Genesis 3:14-19). In Romans 5:12, Adam is represented as the first transgressor; but there no reference is made to Eve, and Adam is regarded as the head of the sinning race. Hence, as here, 1 Timothy 2:11, in Genesis 3:16, woman’s “subjection” is represented as the consequence of her being deceived.

_ _ being deceived — The oldest manuscripts read the compound Greek verb for the simple, “Having been seduced by deceit”: implying how completely Satan succeeded in deceiving her.

_ _ was in the transgressionGreek,came to be in the transgression”: became involved in the existing state of transgression, literally, “the going beyond a command”; breach of a positive precept (Romans 4:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 2:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 2:14

And Adam was not deceived — The serpent deceived Eve: Eve did not deceive Adam, but persuaded him. "Thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife," Genesis 3:17. The preceding verse showed why a woman should not "usurp authority over the man." this shows why she ought not "to teach." She is more easily deceived, and more easily deceives. The woman being deceived transgressed — "The serpent deceived" her, Genesis 3:13, and she transgressed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 2:14

(10) And Adam was not (g) deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.

(10) Then, because after sin, God gave the woman this punishment, because the man was deceived by her.

(g) Adam was deceived, but through his wife's means, and therefore she is worthily for this reason subject to her husband, and ought to be.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree [was] good for food, and that it [was] pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make [one] wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
Genesis 3:12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest [to be] with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
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Gn 3:6, 12. 2Co 11:3.

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