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1 Timothy 2:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I exhort therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers, intercessions, thanksgivings, be made for all men;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, [and] giving of thanks, be made for all men;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— First of all, then, I urge that entreaties [and] prayers, petitions [and] thanksgivings, be made on behalf of all men,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I exhort therefore, that first of all supplications, prayers, intercessions, [and] giving of thanks be made for all men;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I exhort therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers, intercessions, thanksgivings be made for all men;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I exhort, therefore, first of all, that there be made—supplications, prayers, intercessions, thankgivings, in behalf of all men,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I exhort, then, first of all, there be made supplications, prayers, intercessions, thanksgivings, for all men:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I desire therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers, intercessions and thanksgivings be made for all men:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I exhort therefore, that first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giuing of thanks be made for all men:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— I REQUIRE then from thee, that, before every thing supplication be offered to Aloha, and prayer and intercession and thanksgiving for all men;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— I exhort thee, therefore, first of all, that thou present to God supplication, and prayer, and intercession, and thanksgiving, for all men:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I exhort 3870
{3870} Prime
From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
therefore, 3767
{3767} Prime
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
that, first 4412
{4412} Prime
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
of all, 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
supplications, 1162
{1162} Prime
From G1189; a petition.
prayers, 4335
{4335} Prime
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
intercessions, 1783
{1783} Prime
From G1793; an interview, that is, (specifically) supplication.
[and] giving of thanks, 2169
{2169} Prime
From G2170; gratitude; active grateful language (to God, as an act of worship).
be made 4160
{4160} Prime
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
for 5228
{5228} Prime
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
men; 444
{0444} Prime
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 2:1

_ _ 1 Timothy 2:1-15. Public worship. Direction as to intercessions for all men, since Christ is a ransom for all. The duties of men and women respectively in respect to public prayer. Woman’s subjection; her sphere of duty.

_ _ therefore — taking up again the general subject of the Epistle in continuation (2 Timothy 2:1). “What I have therefore to say to thee by way of a charge (1 Timothy 1:3, 1 Timothy 1:18), is,” etc.

_ _ that, first of all ... be made — Alford takes it, “I exhort first of all to make.” “First of all,” doubtless, is to be connected with “I exhort”; what I begin with (for special reasons), is ... As the destruction of Jerusalem drew near, the Jews (including those at Ephesus) were seized with the dream of freedom from every yoke; and so virtually “’blasphemed” (compare 1 Timothy 1:20) God’s name by “speaking evil of dignities” (1 Timothy 6:1; 2 Peter 2:10; Jude 1:8). Hence Paul, in opposition, gives prominence to the injunction that prayer be made for all men, especially for magistrates and kings (Titus 3:1-3) [Olshausen]. Some professing Christians looked down on all not Christians, as doomed to perdition; but Paul says all men are to be prayed for, as Christ died for all (1 Timothy 2:4-6).

_ _ supplications — a term implying the suppliant’s sense of need, and of his own insufficiency.

_ _ prayers — implying devotion.

_ _ intercessions — properly the coming near to God with childlike confidence, generally in behalf of another. The accumulation of terms implies prayer in its every form and aspect, according to all the relations implied in it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Timothy 2:1-8

_ _ Here is, I. A charge given to Christians to pray for all men in general, and particularly for all in authority. Timothy must take care that this be done. Paul does not send him any prescribed form of prayer, as we have reason to think he would if he had intended that ministers should be tied to that way of praying; but, in general, that they should make supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks: supplications for the averting of evil, prayers for the obtaining of good, intercessions for others, and thanksgivings for mercies already received. Paul thought it enough to give them general heads; they, having the scripture to direct them in prayer and the Spirit of prayer poured out upon them, needed not any further directions. Observe, The design of the Christian religion is to promote prayer; and the disciples of Christ must be praying people. Pray always with all prayer, Ephesians 6:18. There must be prayers for ourselves in the first place; this is implied here. We must also pray for all men, for the world of mankind in general, for particular persons who need or desire our prayers. See how far the Christian religion was from being a sect, when it taught men this diffusive charity, to pray, not only for those of their own way, but for all men. Pray for kings (1 Timothy 2:2); though the kings at this time were heathens, enemies to Christianity, and persecutors of Christians, yet they must pray for them, because it is for the public good that there should be civil government, and proper persons entrusted with the administration of it, for whom therefore we ought to pray, yea, though we ourselves suffer under them. For kings, and all that are in authority, that is, inferior magistrates: we must pray for them, and we must give thanks for them, pray for their welfare and for the welfare of their kingdoms, and therefore must not plot against them, that in the peace thereof we may have peace, and give thanks for them and for the benefit we have under their government, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. Here see what we must desire for kings, that God will so turn their hearts, and direct them and make use of them, that we under them may lead a quiet and peaceable life. He does not say, “that we may get preferments under them, grow rich, and be in honour and power under them;” no, the summit of the ambition of a good Christian is to lead a quiet and peaceable life, to get through the world unmolested in a low private station. We should desire that we and others may lead a peaceable life in all godliness and honesty, implying that we cannot expect to be kept quiet and peaceable unless we keep in all godliness and honesty. Let us mind our duty, and then we may expect to be taken under the protection both of God and the government. In all godliness and honesty. Here we have our duty as Christians summed up in two words: godliness, that is, the right worshipping of God; and honesty, that is, a good conduct towards all men. These two must go together; we are not truly honest if we are not godly, and do not render to God his due; and we are not truly godly if we are not honest, for God hates robbery for burnt-offering. Here we may observe, 1. Christians are to be men much given to prayer: they ought to abound herein, and should use themselves to prayers, supplications, etc. 2. In our prayers we are to have a generous concern for others as well as for ourselves; we are to pray for all men, and to give thanks for all men; and must not confine our prayers nor thanksgiving to our own persons or families. 3. Prayer consists of various parts, of supplications, intercessions, and thanksgivings; for we must pray for the mercies we want, as well as be thankful for mercies already received; and we are to deprecate the judgments which our own sins or the sins of others have deserved. 4. All men, yea, kings themselves, and those who are in authority, are to be prayed for. They want our prayers, for they have many difficulties to encounter, many snares to which their exalted stations expose them. 5. In praying for our governors, we take the most likely course to lead a peaceable and quiet life. The Jews at Babylon were commanded to seek the peace of the city whither the Lord had caused them to be carried captives, and to pray to the Lord for it; for in the peace thereof they should have peace, Jeremiah 29:7. 6. If we would lead a peaceable and quiet life, we must live in all godliness and honesty; we must do our duty to God and man. He that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile; let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and pursue it, 1 Peter 3:10, 1 Peter 3:11. Now the reason he gives for this is because this is good in the sight of God our Saviour; that is, the gospel of Christ requires this. That which is acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour we should do, and should abound in.

_ _ II. As a reason why we should in our prayers concern ourselves for all men, he shows God's love to mankind in general, 1 Timothy 2:4.

_ _ 1. One reason why all men are to be prayed for is because there is one God, and that God bears a good will to all mankind. There is one God (1 Timothy 2:5), and one only, there is no other, there can be no other, for there can be but one infinite. This one God will have all men to be saved; he desires not the death and destruction of any (Ezekiel 33:11), but the welfare and salvation of all. Not that he has decreed the salvation of all, for then all men would be saved; but he has a good will to the salvation of all, and none perish but by their own fault, Matthew 23:37. He will have all to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of the truth, to be saved in the way that he has appointed and not otherwise. It concerns us to get the knowledge of the truth, because that is the way to be saved; Christ is the way and the truth, and so he is the life.

_ _ 2. There is one Mediator, and that mediator gave himself a ransom for all. As the mercy of God extends itself to all his works, so the mediation of Christ extends itself thus far to all the children of men that he paid a price sufficient for the salvation of all mankind; he brought mankind to stand upon new terms with God, so that they are not now under the law as a covenant of works, but as a rule of life. They are under grace; not under the covenant of innocence, but under a new covenant: He gave himself a ransom. Observe, The death of Christ was a ransom, a counter-price. We deserved to have died. Christ died for us, to save us from death and hell; he gave himself a ransom voluntarily, a ransom for all; so that all mankind are put in a better condition than that of devils. He died to work out a common salvation: in order hereunto, he put himself into the office of Mediator between God and man. A mediator supposes a controversy. Sin had made a quarrel between us and God; Jesus Christ is a Mediator who undertakes to make peace, to bring God and man together, in the nature of an umpire or arbitrator, a days — man who lays his hand upon u both, Job 9:33. He is a ransom that was to be testified in due time; that is, in the Old Testament times, his sufferings and the glory that should follow were spoken of as things to be revealed in the last times, 1 Peter 1:10, 1 Peter 1:11. And they are accordingly revealed, Paul himself having been ordained a preacher and an apostle, to publish to the Gentiles the glad tidings of redemption and salvation by Jesus Christ. This doctrine of Christ's mediation Paul was entrusted to preach to every creature, Mark 16:15. He was appointed to be a teacher of the Gentiles; besides his general call to the apostleship, he was commissioned particularly to preach to the Gentiles, in faith and truth, or faithfully and truly. Note, (1.) It is good and acceptable in the sight of God and our Saviour that we pray for kings and for all men, and also that we lead a peaceable and quiet life; and this is a very good reason why we should do the one as well as the other. (2.) God has a good will to the salvation of all; so that it is not so much the want of a will in God to save them as it is a want of will in themselves to be saved in God's way. Here our blessed Lord charges the fault: You will not come unto me that you may have life, John 5:40. I would have gathered you, and you would not. (3.) Those who are saved must come to the knowledge of the truth, for this is God's appointed way to save sinners. Without knowledge the heart cannot be good; if we do not know the truth, we cannot be ruled by it. (4.) It is observable that the unity of God is asserted, and joined with the unity of the Mediator; and the church of Rome might as well maintain a plurality of gods as a plurality of mediators. (5.) He that is a Mediator in the New Testament sense, gave himself a ransom. Vain then is the pretence of the Romanists that there is but one Mediator of satisfaction, but many of intercession; for, according to Paul, Christ's giving himself a ransom was a necessary part of the Mediator's office; and indeed this lays the foundation for his intercession. (6.) Paul was ordained a minister, to declare this to the Gentiles, that Christ is the one Mediator between God and men, who gave himself a ransom for all. This is the substance of which all ministers are to preach, to the end of the world; and Paul magnified his office, as he was the apostle of the Gentiles, Romans 11:13. (7.) Ministers must preach the truth, what they apprehend to be so, and they must believe it themselves; they are, like our apostle, to preach in faith and verity, and they must also be faithful and trusty.

_ _ III. A direction how to pray, 1 Timothy 2:8. 1. Now, under the gospel, prayer is not to be confined to any one particular house of prayer, but men must pray every where: no place is amiss for prayer, no place more acceptable to God than another, John 4:21. Pray every where. We must pray in our closets, pray in our families, pray at our meals, pray when we are on journeys, and pray in the solemn assemblies, whether more public or private. 2. It is the will of God that in prayer we should lift up holy hands: Lifting up holy hands, or pure hands, pure from the pollution of sin, washed in the fountain opened for sin and uncleanness. I will wash my hands, etc., Psalms 26:6. 3. We must pray in charity: Without wrath, or malice, or anger at any person. 4. We must pray in faith without doubting (James 1:6), or, as some read it, without disputing, and then it falls under the head of charity.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 2:1

I exhort therefore — Seeing God is so gracious. In this chapter he gives directions, With regard to public prayers With regard to doctrine. Supplication is here the imploring help in time of need: prayer is any kind of offering up our desires to God. But true prayer is the vehemency of holy zeal, the ardour of divine love, arising from a calm, undisturbed soul, moved upon by the Spirit of God. Intercession is prayer for others. We may likewise give thanks for all men, in the full sense of the word, for that God "willeth all men to be saved," and Christ is the Mediator of all.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 2:1

I (1) exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, [and] giving of thanks, be made for all men;

(1) Having dispatched those things which pertain to doctrine, he speaks now in the second place of the other part of the ministry of the word, that is, of public prayers. And first of all, answering the question for whom we ought to pray, he teaches that we must pray for all men, and especially for every type of magistrate. And this thing was at that time somewhat doubted of, seeing that kings, indeed, and most of the magistrates, were at that time enemies of the Church.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
or, desire,
2 Corinthians 8:6 Insomuch that we desired Titus, that as he had begun, so he would also finish in you the same grace also.
Ephesians 3:13 Wherefore I desire that ye faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory.
Hebrews 6:11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:


1 Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;


1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
Genesis 18:23-32 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? ... And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy [it] for ten's sake.
1 Kings 8:41-43 Moreover concerning a stranger, that [is] not of thy people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for thy name's sake; ... Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as [do] thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.
Psalms 67:1-4 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song.]] God be merciful unto us, and bless us; [and] cause his face to shine upon us; Selah. ... O let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and govern the nations upon earth. Selah.
Psalms 72:19 And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Matthew 6:9-10 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. ... Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as [it is] in heaven.
James 5:16 Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.


Romans 1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
Romans 6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
Ephesians 5:20 Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Philippians 1:3 I thank my God upon every remembrance of you,
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;

all men:

1 Timothy 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all [men], even as we [do] toward you:
2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, patient,
Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
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Gn 18:23. 1K 8:41. Ps 67:1; 72:19. Mt 6:9. Ac 17:30. Ro 1:8; 6:17. 1Co 15:3. 2Co 8:6. Ep 3:13; 5:20. Php 1:3. 1Th 3:12. 2Th 1:3. 1Ti 2:4; 5:5. 2Ti 2:24. Tit 2:11; 3:2. He 6:11. Jm 5:16.

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