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1 Timothy 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— unto Timothy, my true child in faith: Grace, mercy, peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— To Timothy, [my] true child in [the] faith: Grace, mercy [and] peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— To Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— to Timotheus, [my] true child in faith: grace, mercy, peace, from God our Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— unto Timothy, my true child in faith: favour, mercy, peace, from God our Father, and Christ Jesus our Lord.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to Timotheus—genuine child in faith: Grace, kindness, peace, from God our Father, and Christ Jesus our Lord,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To Timothy, his beloved son in faith. Grace, mercy and peace, from God the Father and from Christ Jesus our Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Unto Timothie [my] own sonne in the Faith: Grace, mercie, [and] peace from God our Father, and Iesus Christ our Lord.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— to Timotheos, my true son in the faith: grace and mercy and peace from Aloha our Father and Jeshu Meshiha our Lord.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— to Timothy, [my] true son in the faith: grace and mercy and peace, from God our Father, and the Messiah, Jesus our Lord.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Unto Timothy, 5095
{5095} Prime
Τιμόθεος
Timotheos
{tee-moth'-eh-os}
From G5092 and G2316; dear to God; Timotheus, a Christian.
[my] own 1103
{1103} Prime
γνήσιος
gnesios
{gnay'-see-os}
From the same as G1077; legitimate (of birth), that is, genuine.
son 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the faith: 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Grace, 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
mercy, 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
[and] peace, 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord. 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 1:2

_ _ my own son — literally, “a genuine son” (compare Acts 16:1; 1 Corinthians 4:14-17). See on Introduction.

_ _ mercy — added here, in addressing Timothy, to the ordinary salutation, “Grace unto you (Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:3, etc.), and peace.” In Galatians 6:16, “peace and mercy” occur. There are many similarities of style between the Epistle to the Galatians and the Pastoral Epistles (see on Introduction); perhaps owing to his there, as here, having, as a leading object in writing, the correction of false teachers, especially as to the right and wrong use of the law (1 Timothy 1:9). If the earlier date be assigned to First Timothy, it will fall not long after, or before (according as the Epistle to the Galatians was written at Ephesus or at Corinth) the writing of the Epistle to the Galatians, which also would account for some similarity of style. “Mercy” is grace of a more tender kind, exercised towards the miserable, the experience of which in one’s own case especially fits for the Gospel MINISTRY. Compare as to Paul himself (1 Timothy 1:14, 1 Timothy 1:16; 1 Corinthians 7:25; 2 Corinthians 4:1; Hebrews 2:17) [Bengel]. He did not use “mercy” as to the churches, because “mercy” in all its fullness already existed towards them; but in the case of an individual minister, fresh measures of it were continually needed. “Grace” has reference to the sins of men; “mercy” to their misery. God extends His grace to men as they are guilty; His “mercy” to them as they are miserable [Trench].

_ _ Jesus Christ — The oldest manuscripts read the order, “Christ Jesus.” In the Pastoral Epistles “Christ” is often put before “Jesus,” to give prominence to the fact that the Messianic promises of the Old Testament, well known to Timothy (2 Timothy 3:15), were fulfilled in Jesus.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 1:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 1:2

Grace, mercy, peace — St. Paul wishes grace and peace in his epistles to the churches. To Timotheus he adds mercy, the most tender grace towards those who stand in need of it. The experience of this prepares a man to be a minister of the gospel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 1:2

Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, (a) mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.

(a) There is as much difference between mercy and grace, as is between the effect and the cause: for grace is that free good will of God, by which he chose us in Christ, and mercy is that free justification which follows it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Timothy:

Acts 16:1-3 Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father [was] a Greek: ... Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.
1 Thessalonians 3:2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith:

my:

1 Timothy 1:18 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
1 Corinthians 4:14-17 I write not these things to shame you, but as my beloved sons I warn [you]. ... For this cause have I sent unto you Timotheus, who is my beloved son, and faithful in the Lord, who shall bring you into remembrance of my ways which be in Christ, as I teach every where in every church.
Philippians 2:19-22 But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state. ... But ye know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he hath served with me in the gospel.
2 Timothy 1:2 To Timothy, [my] dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
2 Timothy 2:1 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.

Grace:

Romans 1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Galatians 1:3 Grace [be] to you and peace from God the Father, and [from] our Lord Jesus Christ,
2 Timothy 1:2 To Timothy, [my] dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ac 16:1. Ro 1:7. 1Co 4:14. Ga 1:3. Php 2:19. 1Th 3:2. 1Ti 1:18. 2Ti 1:2; 2:1. Tit 1:4. 1P 1:2.

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