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1 Timothy 1:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— holding faith and a good conscience; which some having thrust from them made shipwreck concerning the faith:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— keeping faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and suffered shipwreck in regard to their faith.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Holding faith and a good conscience; which some having put away, concerning faith have made shipwreck:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— maintaining faith and a good conscience; which [last] some, having put away, have made shipwreck as to faith;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Holding faith and a good conscience,—which some, thrusting from them, concerning their faith, have made shipwreck:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— having faith and a good conscience, which certain having thrust away, concerning the faith did make shipwreck,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Having faith and a good conscience, which some rejecting have made shipwreck concerning the faith.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Holding faith, and a good conscience, which some hauing put away, concerning faith, haue made shipwracke.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— with faith and with a good conscience. For those who this have put away from them of faith have been emptied;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— in faith and a good conscience; for they who have repudiated this, have become destitute of faith;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Holding 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
conscience; 4893
{4893} Prime
συνείδησις
suneidesis
{soon-i'-day-sis}
From a prolonged form of G4894; co-perception, that is, moral consciousness.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
some 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
having put away 683
{0683} Prime
ἀπωθέομαι
apotheomai
{ap-o-theh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and the middle voice of ὠθέω [[otheo]] or ὤθω [[otho]] (to shove); to push off, figuratively to reject.
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
concerning 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
have made shipwreck: 3489
{3489} Prime
ναυαγέω
nauageo
{now-ag-eh'-o}
From a compound of G3491 and G0071; to be shipwrecked (stranded, 'navigate'), literally or figuratively.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 1:19

_ _ Holding — Keeping hold of “faith” and “good conscience” (1 Timothy 1:5); not “putting the latter away” as “some.” Faith is like a very precious liquor; a good conscience is the clean, pure glass that contains it [Bengel]. The loss of good conscience entails the shipwreck of faith. Consciousness of sin (unrepented of and forgiven) kills the germ of faith in man [Wiesinger].

_ _ whichGreek singular, namely, “good conscience,” not “faith” also; however, the result of putting away good conscience is, one loses faith also.

_ _ put away — a willful act. They thrust it from them as a troublesome monitor. It reluctantly withdraws, extruded by force, when its owner is tired of its importunity, and is resolved to retain his sin at the cost of losing it. One cannot be on friendly terms with it and with sin at one and the same time.

_ _ made shipwreck — “with respect to THE faith.” Faith is the vessel in which they had professedly embarked, of which “good conscience” is the anchor. The ancient Church often used this image, comparing the course of faith to navigation. The Greek does not imply that one having once had faith makes shipwreck of it, but that they who put away good conscience “make shipwreck with respect to THE faith.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 1:18-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 1:19

Holding fast faith — Which is as a most precious liquor. And a good conscience — Which is as a clean glass. Which — Namely, a good conscience. Some having thrust away — It goes away unwillingly it always says, "Do not hurt me." And they who retain this do not make shipwreck of their faith. Indeed, none can make shipwreck of faith who never had it. These, therefore, were once true believers: yet they fell not only foully, but finally; for ships once wrecked cannot be afterwards saved.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 1:19

Holding (m) faith, and a good conscience; (16) which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:

(m) Wholesome and sound doctrine.

(16) Whoever does not keep a good conscience, loses also by little and little, the gift of understanding. And this he proves by two most lamentable examples.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Holding:

1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
1 Timothy 3:9 Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience.
Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
Hebrews 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
1 Peter 3:15-16 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and [be] ready always to [give] an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: ... Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.
Revelation 3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
Revelation 3:8 I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.
Revelation 3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

which:

Philippians 3:18-19 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ: ... Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
2 Timothy 3:1-6 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. ... For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. ... And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
2 Peter 2:12-22 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
Jude 1:10-13 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. ... Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

concerning:

1 Timothy 4:1-2 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; ... Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
1 Corinthians 11:19 For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
Galatians 1:6-8 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: ... But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
2 Timothy 4:4 And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
Hebrews 6:4-6 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, ... If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.

made:

1 Timothy 6:9 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
Matthew 6:27 Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 6:27. 1Co 11:19. Ga 1:6; 5:4. Php 3:18. 1Ti 1:5; 3:9; 4:1; 6:9. 2Ti 3:1; 4:4. Tit 1:9. He 3:14; 6:4. 1P 3:15. 2P 2:1, 12. 1Jn 2:19. Jde 1:10. Rv 3:3, 8, 10.

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