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1 Timothy 1:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— This charge I commit unto thee, my child Timothy, according to the prophecies which led the way to thee, that by them thou mayest war the good warfare;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— This command I entrust to you, Timothy, [my] son, in accordance with the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you fight the good fight,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— This charge I commit to thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mayest war a good warfare;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— This charge, [my] child Timotheus, I commit to thee, according to the prophecies as to thee preceding, in order that thou mightest war by them the good warfare,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— This charge, I commit unto thee, child Timothy, According to the prophecies, running before on thee, in order that thou mightest war, with them, the noble warfare.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— This charge I commit to thee, child Timotheus, according to the prophesies that went before upon thee, that thou mayest war in them the good warfare,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— This precept, I commend to thee, O son Timothy: according to the prophecies going before on thee, that thou war in them a good warfare,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This charge I commit vnto thee, sonne Timothie, according to the prophesies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest warre a good warfare,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— This commandment I commit to thee, my son Timotheos, according to the early prophecies which were concerning thee, that thou mayest war through them this good warfare
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— This injunction I commit to thee, my son Timothy, according to the former predictions concerning thee, that in them thou mightest war this good warfare,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This 5026
{5026} Prime
ταύτῃ
taute
{tow'-tay}
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
charge 3852
{3852} Prime
παραγγελία
paraggelia
{par-ang-gel-ee'-ah}
From G3853; a mandate.
I commit 3908
{3908} Prime
παρατίθημι
paratithemi
{par-at-ith'-ay-mee}
From G3844 and G5087; to place alongside, that is, present (food, truth); by implication to deposit (as a trust or for protection).
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
unto thee, 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
son 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
Timothy, 5095
{5095} Prime
Τιμόθεος
Timotheos
{tee-moth'-eh-os}
From G5092 and G2316; dear to God; Timotheus, a Christian.
according x2596
(2596) Complement
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
to y2596
[2596] Standard
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
prophecies 4394
{4394} Prime
προφητεία
propheteia
{prof-ay-ti'-ah}
From G4396 ('prophecy'); prediction (scriptural or other).
which went before 4254
{4254} Prime
προάγω
proago
{pro-ag'-o}
From G4253 and G0071; to lead forward (magisterially); intransitively to precede (in place or time [participle previous]).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
thee, 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
thou y4754
[4754] Standard
στρατεύομαι
strateuomai
{strat-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from the base of G4756; to serve in a military campaign; figuratively to execute the apostolate (with its arduous duties and functions), to contend with carnal inclinations.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
mightest war 4754
{4754} Prime
στρατεύομαι
strateuomai
{strat-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from the base of G4756; to serve in a military campaign; figuratively to execute the apostolate (with its arduous duties and functions), to contend with carnal inclinations.
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
a good 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
warfare; 4752
{4752} Prime
στρατεία
strateia
{strat-i'-ah}
From G4754; military service, that is, (figuratively) the apostolic career (as one of hardship and danger).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 1:18

_ _ He resumes the subject begun at 1 Timothy 1:3. The conclusion (apodosis) to the foregoing, “as I besought thee ... charge” (1 Timothy 1:3), is here given, if not formally, at least substantially.

_ _ This charge — namely, “that thou in them (so the Greek) mightest war,” that is, fulfil thy high calling, not only as a Christian, but as a minister officially, one function of which is, to “charge some that they teach no other doctrine” (1 Timothy 1:3).

_ _ I commit — as a sacred deposit (1 Timothy 6:20; 2 Timothy 2:2) to be laid before thy hearers.

_ _ according to — in pursuance of; in consonance with.

_ _ the prophecies which went before on thee — the intimations given by prophets respecting thee at thy ordination, 1 Timothy 4:14 (as, probably, by Silas, a companion of Paul, and “a prophet,” Acts 15:32). Such prophetical intimation, as well as the good report given of Timothy by the brethren (Acts 16:2), may have induced Paul to take him as his companion. Compare similar prophecies as to others: Acts 13:1-3, in connection with laying on of hands; Acts 11:28; Acts 21:10, Acts 21:11; compare 1 Corinthians 12:10; 1 Corinthians 14:1; Ephesians 4:11. In Acts 20:28, it is expressly said that “the Holy Ghost had made them (the Ephesian presbyters) overseers.” Clement of Rome [Epistle to the Corinthians], states it was the custom of the apostles “to make trial by the Spirit,” that is, by the “power of discerning,” in order to determine who were to be overseers and deacons in the several churches planted. So Clement of Alexandria says as to the churches near Ephesus, that the overseers were marked out for ordination by a revelation of the Holy Ghost to St. John.

_ _ by themGreek, “in them”; arrayed as it were in them; armed with them.

_ _ warfare — not the mere “fight” (1 Timothy 6:12; 2 Timothy 4:7), but the whole campaign; the military service. Translate as Greek, not “a,” but “the good warfare.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Timothy 1:18-20

_ _ Here is the charge he gives to Timothy to proceed in his work with resolution, 1 Timothy 1:18. Observe here, The gospel is a charge committed to the ministers of it; it is committed to their trust, to see that it be duly applied according to the intent and meaning of it, and the design of its great Author. It seems, there had been prophecies before concerning Timothy, that he should be taken into the ministry, and should prove eminent in the work of the ministry; this encouraged Paul to commit this charge to him. Observe, 1. The ministry is a warfare, it is a good warfare against sin and Satan: and under the banner of the Lord Jesus, who is the Captain of our salvation (Hebrews 2:10), and in his cause, and against his enemies, ministers are in a particular manner engaged. 2. Ministers must war this good warfare, must execute their office diligently and courageously, notwithstanding oppositions and discouragements. 3. The prophecies which went before concerning Timothy are here mentioned as a motive to stir him up to a vigorous and conscientious discharge of his duty; so the good hopes that others have entertained concerning us should excite us to our duty: That thou by them mightest war a good warfare. 4. We must hold both faith and a good conscience: Holding faith and a good conscience, 1 Timothy 1:19. Those that put away a good conscience will soon make shipwreck of faith. Let us live up to the directions of a renewed enlightened conscience, and keep conscience void of offence (Acts 24:16), a conscience not debauched by any vice or sin, and this will be a means of preserving us sound in the faith; we must look to the one as well a the other, for the mystery of the faith must be held in a pure conscience, 1 Timothy 3:9. As for those who had made shipwreck of the faith, he specifies two, Hymeneus and Alexander, who had made a profession of the Christian religion, but had quitted that profession; and Paul had delivered them to Satan, had declared them to belong to the kingdom of Satan, and, as some think, had, by an extraordinary power, delivered them to be terrified or tormented by Satan, that they might learn not to blaspheme not to contradict or revile the doctrine of Christ and the good ways of the Lord. Observe, The primary design of the highest censure in the primitive church was to prevent further sin and to reclaim the sinner. In this case it was for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit might be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus, 1 Corinthians 5:5. Observe, (1.) Those who love the service and work of Satan are justly delivered over to the power of Satan: Whom I have delivered over to Satan. (2.) God can, if he please, work by contraries: Hymeneus and Alexander are delivered to Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme, when one would rather think they would learn of Satan to blaspheme the more. (3.) Those who have put away a good conscience, and made shipwreck of faith, will not stick at any thing, blasphemy not excepted. (4.) Therefore let us hold faith and a good conscience, if we would keep clear of blasphemy; for, if we once let go our hold of these, we do not know where we shall stop.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 1:18

This charge I commit to thee — That thou mayest deliver it to the church. According to the prophecies concerning thee — Uttered when thou wast received as an evangelist, 1 Timothy 4:14; probably by many persons, 1 Timothy 6:12; that, being encouraged by them, thou mightest war the good warfare.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 1:18

(15) This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by (l) them mightest war a good warfare;

(15) The conclusion of both the former fatherly admonitions, that is, that Timothy striving bravely against all stops, being called to the ministry according to many prophecies which went before of him, should both maintain the doctrine which he had received, and keep also a good conscience.

(l) By the help of them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
charge:

1 Timothy 1:11-12 According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust. ... And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
1 Timothy 4:14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.
1 Timothy 6:13-14 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession; ... That thou keep [this] commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ:
1 Timothy 6:20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
2 Timothy 2:2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.
2 Timothy 4:1-3 I charge [thee] therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; ... For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

son:

1 Timothy 1:2 Unto Timothy, [my] own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.
Philippians 2:22 But ye know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he hath served with me in the gospel.
2 Timothy 1:2 To Timothy, [my] dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
2 Timothy 2:1 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Philemon 1:10 I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:

according:

1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:

mightest:

1 Timothy 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
2 Corinthians 10:3-4 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: ... (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
Ephesians 6:12-18 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places]. ... Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
2 Timothy 2:3-5 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. ... And if a man also strive for masteries, [yet] is he not crowned, except he strive lawfully.
2 Timothy 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished [my] course, I have kept the faith:
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2Co 10:3. Ep 6:12. Php 2:22. 1Ti 1:2, 11; 4:4, 14; 6:12, 13, 20. 2Ti 1:2; 2:1, 2, 3; 4:1, 7. Tit 1:4. Phm 1:10.

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