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1 Timothy 1:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, [be] honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, [be] honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, God the only wise, [be] honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now to the King of the ages, [the] incorruptible, invisible, only God, honour and glory to the ages of ages. Amen.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, unto the King of the ages,—incorruptible, invisible, alone God, be honour and glory, unto the ages of ages, Amen!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and to the King of the ages, the incorruptible, invisible, only wise God, [is] honour and glory—to the ages of the ages! Amen.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now to the king of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now vnto ye king eternal, immortall, inuisible, the onely wise God, be honour and glory for euer & euer. Amen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But to the King who is eternal, incorruptible, and unseen, who is one Aloha, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And to the king eternal, incorruptible, and invisible, the sole God, be honor and glory for ever and ever! Amen.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
King 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
eternal, 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
immortal, 862
{0862} Prime
ἄφθαρτος
aphthartos
{af'-thar-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G5351; undecaying (in essence or continuance).
invisible, 517
{0517} Prime
ἀόρατος
aoratos
{ah-or'-at-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3707; invisible.
the only 3441
{3441} Prime
μόνος
monos
{mon'-os}
Probably from G3306; remaining, that is, sole or single; by implication mere.
wise 4680
{4680} Prime
σοφός
sophos
{sof-os'}
Akin to σαφής [[saphes]] (clear); wise (in a most general application).
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
[be] honour 5092
{5092} Prime
τιμή
time
{tee-may'}
From G5099; a value, that is, money paid, or (concretely and collectively) valuables; by analogy esteem (especially of the highest degree), or the dignity itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
for y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ever y165
[0165] Standard
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
and ever. 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Amen. 281
{0281} Prime
ἀμήν
amen
{am-ane'}
Of Hebrew origin [H0543]; properly firm, that is, (figuratively) trustworthy; adverbially surely (often as interjection so be it).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 1:17

_ _ A suitable conclusion to the beautifully simple enunciation of the Gospel, of which his own history is a living sample or pattern. It is from the experimental sense of grace that the doxology flows [Bengel].

_ _ the King, eternal — literally, “King of the (eternal) ages.” The Septuagint translates Exodus 15:18, “The Lord shall reign for ages and beyond them.Psalms 145:13, Margin, “Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,” literally, “a kingdom of all ages.” The “life everlasting” (1 Timothy 1:16) suggested here “the King eternal,” or everlasting. It answers also to “for ever and ever” at the close, literally, “to the ages of the ages” (the countless succession of ages made up of ages).

_ _ immortal — The oldest manuscripts read, “incorruptible.” The Vulgate, however, and one very old manuscript read as English Version (Romans 1:23).

_ _ invisible — (1 Timothy 6:16; Exodus 33:20; John 1:18; Colossians 1:15; Hebrews 11:27).

_ _ the only wise God — The oldest manuscripts omit “wise,” which probably crept in from Romans 16:27, where it is more appropriate to the context than here (compare Jude 1:25). “The only Potentate” (1 Timothy 6:15; Psalms 86:10; John 5:44).

_ _ for ever, etc. — See note, above. The thought of eternity (terrible as it is to unbelievers) is delightful to those assured of grace (1 Timothy 1:16) [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 1:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 1:17

The King of eternity — A phrase frequent with the Hebrews. How unspeakably sweet is the thought of eternity to believers!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 1:17

(14) Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the (k) only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

(14) He breaks out into an exclamation, even because of the very zeal of his mind, because he cannot satisfy himself in amplifying the grace of God.

(k) See John 17:3

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the King:

1 Timothy 6:15-16 Which in his times he shall shew, [who is] the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; ... Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Psalms 10:16 The LORD [is] King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.
Psalms 45:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves.]] My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue [is] the pen of a ready writer.
Psalms 45:6 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.
Psalms 47:6-8 Sing praises to God, sing praises: sing praises unto our King, sing praises. ... God reigneth over the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness.
Psalms 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou [art] God.
Psalms 145:13 Thy kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion [endureth] throughout all generations.
Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
Daniel 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
Malachi 1:14 But cursed [be] the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I [am] a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name [is] dreadful among the heathen.
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Matthew 25:34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
Hebrews 1:8-13 But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. ... But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?
Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:16 And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

invisible:

John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].
Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Hebrews 11:27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.
1 John 4:12 No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.

the only:

Romans 16:27 To God only wise, [be] glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen. [[[Written to the Romans from Corinthus, [and sent] by Phebe servant of the church at Cenchrea.]]]
Jude 1:25 To the only wise God our Saviour, [be] glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.

be:

1 Chronicles 29:11 Thine, O LORD, [is] the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all [that is] in the heaven and in the earth [is thine]; thine [is] the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.
Nehemiah 9:5 Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, [and] Pethahiah, said, Stand up [and] bless the LORD your God for ever and ever: and blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise.
Psalms 41:13 Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 57:11 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: [let] thy glory [be] above all the earth.
Psalms 72:18-19 Blessed [be] the LORD God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things. ... And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Psalms 106:48 Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting: and let all the people say, Amen. Praise ye the LORD.
Daniel 4:34 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:
Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
Ephesians 3:20-21 Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, ... Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.
1 Peter 5:11 To him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
Revelation 4:8-11 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about [him]; and [they were] full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come. ... Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.
Revelation 5:9-14 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.
Revelation 7:12 Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, [be] unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.
Revelation 19:1 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:
Revelation 19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.

Amen:

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.
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1Ch 29:11. Ne 9:5. Ps 10:16; 41:13; 45:1, 6; 47:6; 57:11; 72:18; 90:2; 106:48; 145:13. Jr 10:10. Dn 2:44; 4:34, 37; 7:14. Mi 5:2. Mal 1:14. Mt 6:13; 25:34; 28:20. Jn 1:18. Ro 1:20, 23; 16:27. Ep 3:20. Col 1:15. 1Ti 6:15. He 1:8; 11:27. 1P 5:11. 2P 3:18. 1Jn 4:12. Jde 1:25. Rv 4:8; 5:9; 7:12; 17:14; 19:1, 6, 16.

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