Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

1 Timothy 1:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— though I was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: howbeit I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— even though I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor. Yet I was shown mercy because I acted ignorantly in unbelief;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who before was a blasphemer and persecutor, and an insolent overbearing [man]: but mercy was shewn me because I did it ignorantly, in unbelief.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Though, formerly, a defamer, and persecutor, and insulter; nevertheless mercy was shown me, because, without knowledge, I acted, in unbelief:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who before was speaking evil, and persecuting, and insulting, but I found kindness, because, being ignorant, I did [it] in unbelief,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who before was a blasphemer and a persecutor and contumelious. But I obtained the mercy of God, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecuter, and iniurious. But I obtained mercie, because I did it ignorantly, in vnbeliefe.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— me, who before was a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious; but I received mercy, because while ignorant I did it, without faith.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— me [I say], who before was a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and a reviler; but I obtained mercy, because I did it while ignorant and without faith.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
was 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
before 4386
{4386} Prime
πρότερον
proteron
{prot'-er-on}
Neuter of G4387 as adverb (with or without the article); previously.
a blasphemer, 989
{0989} Prime
βλάσφημος
blasphemos
{blas'-fay-mos}
From a derivative of G0984 and G5345; scurrilous, that is, calumnious (against man), or (specifically) impious (against God).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
a persecutor, 1376
{1376} Prime
διώκτης
dioktes
{dee-oke'-tace}
From G1377; a persecutor.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
injurious: 5197
{5197} Prime
ὑβριστής
hubristes
{hoo-bris-tace'}
From G5195; an insulter, that is, maltreater.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
I obtained mercy, 1653
{1653} Prime
ἐλεέω
eleeo
{el-eh-eh'-o}
From G1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specifically by divine grace).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
I did 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[it] ignorantly 50
{0050} Prime
ἀγνοέω
agnoeo
{ag-no-eh'-o}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3539; not to know (through lack of information or intelligence); by implication to ignore (through disinclination).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
unbelief. 570
{0570} Prime
ἀπιστία
apistia
{ap-is-tee'-ah}
From G0571; faithlessness, that is, (negatively) disbelief (want of Christian faith), or (positively) unfaithfulness (disobedience).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 1:13

_ _ Who was beforeGreek, “Formerly being a blasphemer.” “Notwithstanding that I was before a blasphemer,” etc. (Acts 26:9, Acts 26:11).

_ _ persecutor — (Galatians 1:13).

_ _ injuriousGreek, “insulter”; one who acts injuriously from arrogant contempt of others. Translate, Romans 1:30, “despiteful.” One who added insult to injury. Bengel translates, “a despiser.” I prefer the idea, contumelious to others [Wahl]. Still I agree with Bengel that “blasphemer” is against God, “persecutor,” against holy men, and “insolently injurious” includes, with the idea of injuring others, that of insolent “uppishness” [Donaldson] in relation to one’s self. This threefold relation to God, to one’s neighbor, and to one’s self, occurs often in this Epistle (1 Timothy 1:5, 1 Timothy 1:9, 1 Timothy 1:14; Titus 2:12).

_ _ I obtained mercy — God’s mercy, and Paul’s want of it, stand in sharp contrast [Ellicott]; Greek, “I was made the object of mercy.” The sense of mercy was perpetual in the mind of the apostle (compare Note, see on 1 Timothy 1:2). Those who have felt mercy can best have mercy on those out of the way (Hebrews 5:2, Hebrews 5:3).

_ _ because I did it ignorantlyIgnorance does not in itself deserve pardon; but it is a less culpable cause of unbelief than pride and willful hardening of one’s self against the truth (John 9:41; Acts 26:9). Hence it is Christ’s plea of intercession for His murderers (Luke 23:34); and it is made by the apostles a mitigating circumstance in the Jews’ sin, and one giving a hope of a door of repentance (Acts 3:17; Romans 10:2). The “because,” etc., does not imply that ignorance was a sufficient reason for mercy being bestowed; but shows how it was possible that such a sinner could obtain mercy. The positive ground of mercy being shown to him, lies solely in the compassion of God (Titus 3:5). The ground of the ignorance lies in the unbelief, which implies that this ignorance is not unaccompanied with guilt. But there is a great difference between his honest zeal for the law, and a willful striving against the Spirit of God (Matthew 12:24-32; Luke 11:52) [Wiesinger].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 1:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 1:13

A blasphemer — Of Christ. A persecutor — Of his church. A reviler — Of his doctrine and people. But I obtained mercy — He does not say, because I was unconditionally elected; but because I did it in ignorance. Not that his ignorance took away his sin; but it left him capable of mercy; which he would hardly have been, had he acted thus contrary to his own conviction.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Timothy 1:13

Who was before a (h) blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief.

(h) These are the meritorious works which Paul brags of.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
was:

Acts 8:3 As for Saul, he made havock of the church, entering into every house, and haling men and women committed [them] to prison.
Acts 9:1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,
Acts 9:5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
Acts 9:13 Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem:
Acts 22:4 And I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.
Acts 26:9-11 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. ... And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled [them] to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted [them] even unto strange cities.
1 Corinthians 15:9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
Galatians 1:13 For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:
Philippians 3:6 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

but:

1 Timothy 1:16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
Hosea 2:23 And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to [them which were] not my people, Thou [art] my people; and they shall say, [Thou art] my God.
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 11:30-31 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: ... Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.
Hebrews 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
1 Peter 2:10 Which in time past [were] not a people, but [are] now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

because:

Numbers 15:30 But the soul that doeth [ought] presumptuously, [whether he be] born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
Luke 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes].
Luke 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
John 9:39-41 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind. ... Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.
Acts 3:17 And now, brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did [it], as [did] also your rulers.
Acts 26:9 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.
Hebrews 6:4-8 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, ... But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, ... Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
2 Peter 2:21-22 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. ... But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 15:30. Ho 2:23. Lk 12:47; 23:34. Jn 9:39. Ac 3:17; 8:3; 9:1, 5, 13; 22:4; 26:9. Ro 5:20; 11:30. 1Co 15:9. Ga 1:13. Php 3:6. 1Ti 1:16. He 4:16; 6:4; 10:26. 1P 2:10. 2P 2:21.

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