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1 Timothy 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for fornicators, for abusers of themselves with men, for menstealers, for liars, for false swearers, and if there be any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and immoral men and homosexuals and kidnappers and liars and perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For lewd persons, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men-stealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there is any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— fornicators, sodomites, kidnappers, liars, perjurers; and if any other thing is opposed to sound teaching,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— fornicators, sodomites, man-stealers, liars, false-swearers,—and, if anything else, unto the healthful teaching, is opposed;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— whoremongers, sodomites, men-stealers, liars, perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that to sound doctrine is adverse,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For fornicators, for them who defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and whatever other thing is contrary to sound doctrine:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For whoremongers, for them that defile themselues with mankinde, for men-stealers, for liars, for periured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and fornicators, and liers with men, and stealers of the free, and liars, and doers against an oath and whatever (else) is opposed to the healthful doctrine
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and for whoremongers, and for copulators with males, and for the stealers of free people, and for liars, and for violators of oaths, and for whatever is contrary to sound doctrine,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For whoremongers, 4205
{4205} Prime
πόρνος
pornos
{por'-nos}
From πέρνημι [[pernemi]] (to sell; akin to the base of G4097); a (male) prostitute (as venal), that is, (by analogy) a debauchee (libertine).
for them that defile themselves with mankind, 733
{0733} Prime
ἀρσενοκοίτης
arsenokoites
{ar-sen-ok-oy'-tace}
From G0730 and G2845; a sodomite.
for menstealers, 405
{0405} Prime
ἀνδραποδιστής
andrapodistes
{an-drap-od-is-tace'}
From a derivative of a compound of G0435 and G4228; an enslaver (as bringing men to his feet).
for liars, 5583
{5583} Prime
ψεύστης
pseustes
{psyoos-tace'}
From G5574; a falsifier.
for perjured persons, 1965
{1965} Prime
ἐπίορκος
epiorkos
{ep-ee'-or-kos}
From G1909 and G3727; on oath, that is, (falsely) a forswearer.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
if there be any 1536
{1536} Prime
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
other thing 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
that is contrary 480
{0480} Prime
ἀντίκειμαι
antikeimai
{an-tik'-i-mahee}
From G0473 and G2749; to lie opposite, that is, be adverse (figuratively repugnant) to.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
to sound 5198
{5198} Prime
ὑγιαίνω
hugiaino
{hoog-ee-ah'-ee-no}
From G5199; to have sound health, that is, be well (in body); figuratively to be uncorrupt (true in doctrine).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
doctrine; 1319
{1319} Prime
διδασκαλία
didaskalia
{did-as-kal-ee'-ah}
From G1320; instruction (the function or the information).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Timothy 1:10

_ _ whoremongers, etc. — sinners against the seventh commandment.

_ _ men-stealers — that is, slave dealers. The most heinous offense against the eighth commandment. No stealing of a man’s goods can equal in atrocity the stealing of a man’s liberty. Slavery is not directly assailed in the New Testament; to have done so would have been to revolutionize violently the existing order of things. But Christianity teaches principles sure to undermine, and at last overthrow it, wherever Christianity has had its natural development (Matthew 7:12).

_ _ liars ... perjured — offenders against the ninth commandment.

_ _ if there be any other thing — answering to the tenth commandment in its widest aspect. He does not particularly specify it because his object is to bring out the grosser forms of transgression; whereas the tenth is deeply spiritual, so much so indeed, that it was by it that the sense of sin, in its subtlest form of “lust,” Paul tells us (Romans 7:7), was brought home to his own conscience. Thus, Paul argues, these would-be teachers of the law, while boasting of a higher perfection through it, really bring themselves down from the Gospel elevation to the level of the grossly “lawless,” for whom, not for Gospel believers, the law was designed. And in actual practice the greatest sticklers for the law as the means of moral perfection, as in this case, are those ultimately liable to fall utterly from the morality of the law. Gospel grace is the only true means of sanctification as well as of justification.

_ _ soundhealthy, spiritually wholesome (1 Timothy 6:3; 2 Timothy 1:13; Titus 1:13; Titus 2:2), as opposed to sickly, morbid (as the Greek of “doting” means, 1 Timothy 6:4), and “canker” (2 Timothy 2:17). “The doctrine,” or “teaching, which is according to godliness” (1 Timothy 6:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Timothy 1:5-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Timothy 1:10

Manstealers — The worst of all thieves, in comparison of whom, highwaymen and housebreakers are innocent. What then are most traders in negroes, procurers of servants for America, and all who list soldiers by lies, tricks, or enticements?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
whoremongers:

Mark 7:21-22 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, ... Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
1 Corinthians 6:9-10 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
Galatians 5:19-21 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, ... Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Ephesians 5:3-6 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; ... Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
Hebrews 13:4 Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.

defile:

Genesis 19:5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where [are] the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.
Leviticus 18:22 Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it [is] abomination.
Leviticus 20:13 If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood [shall be] upon them.
Romans 1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

menstealers:

Genesis 37:27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content.
Genesis 40:15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.
Exodus 21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.
Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

for liars:

John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither [whatsoever] worketh abomination, or [maketh] a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.
Revelation 22:15 For without [are] dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

perjured:

Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
Ezekiel 17:16-19 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely in the place [where] the king [dwelleth] that made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant he brake, [even] with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die. ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; [As] I live, surely mine oath that he hath despised, and my covenant that he hath broken, even it will I recompense upon his own head.
Hosea 4:1-2 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because [there is] no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. ... By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
Hosea 10:4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.
Zechariah 5:4 I will bring it forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof.
Zechariah 8:17 And let none of you imagine evil in your hearts against his neighbour; and love no false oath: for all these [are things] that I hate, saith the LORD.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 5:33-37 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths: ... But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

contrary:

1 Timothy 6:3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, [even] the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;
2 Timothy 1:13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
Titus 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
Titus 2:1 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:
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Gn 19:5; 37:27; 40:15. Ex 20:7; 21:16. Lv 18:22; 20:13. Dt 24:7. Ezk 17:16. Ho 4:1; 10:4. Zc 5:4; 8:17. Mal 3:5. Mt 5:33. Mk 7:21. Jn 8:44. Ro 1:26. 1Co 6:9. Ga 5:19. Ep 5:3. 1Ti 6:3. 2Ti 1:13; 4:3. Tit 1:9; 2:1. He 13:4. Jde 1:7. Rv 18:13; 21:8, 27; 22:15.

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