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1 Thessalonians 5:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For God appointed us not into wrath, but unto the obtaining of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— because God has not set us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because God did not appoint us unto anger, but unto acquiring salvation through our Lord Jesus [Christ]:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— because God did not appoint us to anger, but to the acquiring of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For God hath not appointed us unto wrath: but unto the purchasing of salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For God hath not appointed vs to wrath: but to obtaine saluation by our Lord Iesus Christ,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For Aloha hath not appointed us to wrath, but to the possession of salvation in our Lord Jeshu Meshiha,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to the acquisition of life, by our Lord Jesus the Messiah:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath y5087
[5087] Standard
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
appointed 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5639
<5639> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 65
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
wrath, 3709
{3709} Prime
ὀργή
orge
{or-gay'}
From G3713; properly desire (as a reaching forth or excitement of the mind), that is, (by analogy) violent passion (ire, or [justifiable] abhorrence); by implication punishment.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
obtain 4047
{4047} Prime
περιποίησις
peripoiesis
{per-ee-poy'-ay-sis}
From G4046; acquisition (the act or the thing); by extension preservation.
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
salvation 4991
{4991} Prime
σωτηρία
soteria
{so-tay-ree'-ah}
Feminine of a derivative of G4990 as (properly abstract) noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally).
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 5:9

_ _ For — assigning the ground of our “hopes” (1 Thessalonians 5:8).

_ _ appointed us — Translate, “set” (Acts 13:47), in His everlasting purpose of love (1 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 1:9). Contrast Romans 9:22; Jude 1:4.

_ _ to — that is, unto wrath.

_ _ to obtainGreek, “to the acquisition of salvation”; said, according to Bengel, Of One saved out of a general wreck, when all things else have been lost: so of the elect saved out of the multitude of the lost (2 Thessalonians 2:13, 2 Thessalonians 2:14). The fact of God’s “appointment” of His grace “through Jesus Christ” (Ephesians 1:5), takes away the notion of our being able to “acquire” salvation of ourselves. Christ “acquired (so the Greek for ‘purchased’) the Church (and its salvation) with His own blood” (Acts 20:28); each member is said to be appointed by God to the “acquiring of salvation.” In the primary sense, God does the work; in the secondary sense, man does it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:6-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 5:9

God hath not appointed us to wrath — As he hath the obstinately impenitent.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 5:9

(4) For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

(4) He urges us forward by setting a most certain hope of victory before us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
not:

1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.
1 Thessalonians 3:3 That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.
Exodus 9:16 And in very deed for this [cause] have I raised thee up, for to shew [in] thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
Proverbs 16:4 The LORD hath made all [things] for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.
Ezekiel 38:10-17 Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, [that] at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought: ... Thus saith the Lord GOD; [Art] thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days [many] years that I would bring thee against them?
Matthew 26:24 The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.
Acts 1:20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take.
Acts 1:25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
Acts 13:48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.
Romans 9:11-23 (For [the children] being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) ... And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
2 Timothy 2:19-20 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. ... But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour.
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

obtain:

Romans 11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
Romans 11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief.
1 Timothy 1:16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
1 Peter 2:10 Which in time past [were] not a people, but [are] now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
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Ex 9:16. Pv 16:4. Ezk 38:10. Mt 26:24. Ac 1:20, 25; 13:48. Ro 9:11; 11:7, 30. 1Th 1:10; 3:3. 2Th 2:13. 1Ti 1:13, 16. 2Ti 2:10, 19. 1P 2:8, 10. 2P 1:1; 2:3. Jde 1:4.

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