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1 Thessalonians 5:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But let us, since we are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for a helmet, the hope of salvation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But since we are of [the] day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breast-plate of faith and love; and for a helmet, the hope of salvation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but *we* being of [the] day, let us be sober, putting on [the] breastplate of faith and love, and as helmet [the] hope of salvation;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, we, being of the day, let us be sober, putting on a breastplate of faith and love, and, for helmet, the hope of salvation.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and we, being of the day—let us be sober, putting on a breastplate of faith and love, and an helmet—a hope of salvation,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But let us, who are of the day, be sober, having on the breast plate of faith and charity and, for a helmet, the hope of salvation.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But let vs who are of the day, bee sober, putting on the brestplate of faith and loue, and for an helmet, the hope of saluation.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But we who are sons of the day must be wakeful in our minds, and wear the mail-coat of faith and of love, and put on the helmet of the hope of salvation.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But let us who are children of the day, be wakeful in mind, and put on the breastplate of faith and love, and take the helmet of the hope of life.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
let y3525
[3525] Standard
νήφω
nepho
{nay'-fo}
Of uncertain affinity; to abstain from wine (keep sober), that is, (figuratively) be discreet.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
us, 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
who are 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
of the day, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
be sober, 3525
{3525} Prime
νήφω
nepho
{nay'-fo}
Of uncertain affinity; to abstain from wine (keep sober), that is, (figuratively) be discreet.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
putting on 1746
{1746} Prime
ἐνδύω
enduo
{en-doo'-o}
From G1722 and G1416 (in the senese of sinking into a garment); to invest with clothing (literally or figuratively).
z5671
<5671> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 61
the breastplate 2382
{2382} Prime
θώραξ
thorax
{tho'-rax}
Of uncertain affinity; the chest ('thorax'), that is, (by implication) a corslet.
of faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
love; 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
for an helmet, 4030
{4030} Prime
περικεφαλαία
perikephalaia
{per-ee-kef-al-ah'-yah}
Feminine of a compound of G4012 and G2776; encirclement of the head, that is, a helmet.
the hope 1680
{1680} Prime
ἐλπίς
elpis
{el-pece'}
From ἔλπω [[elpo]] which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence.
of salvation. 4991
{4991} Prime
σωτηρία
soteria
{so-tay-ree'-ah}
Feminine of a derivative of G4990 as (properly abstract) noun; rescue or safety (physically or morally).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 5:8

_ _ Faith, hope, and love, are the three pre-eminent graces (1 Thessalonians 1:3; 1 Corinthians 13:13). We must not only be awake and sober, but also armed; not only watchful, but also guarded. The armor here is only defensive; in Ephesians 6:13-17, also offensive. Here, therefore, the reference is to the Christian means of being guarded against being surprised by the day of the Lord as a thief in the night. The helmet and breastplate defend the two vital parts, the head and the heart respectively. “With head and heart right, the whole man is right” [Edmunds]. The head needs to be kept from error, the heart from sin. For “the breastplate of righteousness,” Ephesians 6:14, we have here “the breastplate of faith and love”; for the righteousness which is imputed to man for justification, is “faith working by love” (Romans 4:3, Romans 4:22-24; Galatians 5:6). “Faith,” as the motive within, and “love,” exhibited in outward acts, constitute the perfection of righteousness. In Ephesians 6:17 the helmet is “salvation”; here, “the hope of salvation.” In one aspect “salvation” is a present possession (John 3:36; John 5:24; 1 John 5:13); in another, it is a matter of “hope” (Romans 8:24, Romans 8:25). Our Head primarily wore the “breastplate of righteousness” and “helmet of salvation,” that we might, by union with Him, receive both.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:6-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 5:8

(3) But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.

(3) We must fight with faith and hope, and therefore we should certainly not lie snoring.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
who:

1 Thessalonians 5:5 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
Ephesians 5:8-9 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light: ... (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
1 Peter 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

the breastplate:

Isaiah 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
Romans 13:12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
2 Corinthians 6:7 By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
Ephesians 6:11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
Ephesians 6:13-18 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. ... Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

the hope:

Job 19:23-27 Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book! ... Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; [though] my reins be consumed within me.
Psalms 42:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and [why] art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him [for] the help of his countenance.
Psalms 42:11 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 43:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Lamentations 3:26 [It is] good that [a man] should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD.
Romans 5:2-5 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. ... And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 8:24-25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? ... But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it].
1 Corinthians 13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
Galatians 5:5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.
2 Thessalonians 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given [us] everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,
Hebrews 6:19 Which [hope] we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;
Hebrews 10:35-36 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. ... For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.
1 Peter 1:3-5 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, ... Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
1 Peter 1:13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
1 John 3:1-3 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. ... And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 19:23. Ps 42:5, 11; 43:5. Is 59:17. Lm 3:26. Ro 5:2; 8:24; 13:12, 13. 1Co 13:13. 2Co 6:7. Ga 5:5. Ep 5:8; 6:11, 13. 1Th 5:5. 2Th 2:16. He 6:19; 10:35. 1P 1:3, 13; 2:9. 1Jn 1:7; 3:1.

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