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1 Thessalonians 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for ye are all sons of light, and sons of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye are all children of light, and children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for all *ye* are sons of light and sons of day; we are not of night nor of darkness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, all ye, are, sons of light, and sons of day,—we are not of night, nor of darkness:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— all ye are sons of light, and sons of day; we are not of night, nor of darkness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For all you are the children of light and children of the day: we are not of the night nor of darkness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkenesse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For all of you are sons of light, and sons of the day; and are not sons of the night, nor sons of darkness.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For ye are all children of the light, and children of the day; and are not children of the night, and children of darkness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
are 2075
{2075} Prime
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the children 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of light, 5457
{5457} Prime
φῶς
phos
{foce}
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the children 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of the day: 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
we are 2070
{2070} Prime
ἐσμέν
esmen
{es-men'}
Frist person plural indicative of G1510; we are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of the night, 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
nor 3761
{3761} Prime
οὐδέ
oude
{oo-deh'}
From G3756 and G1161; not however, that is, neither, nor, not even.
of darkness. 4655
{4655} Prime
σκότος
skotos
{skot'-os}
From the base of G4639; shadiness, that is, obscurity (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 5:5

_ _ The oldest manuscripts read, “FOR ye are all,” etc. Ye have no reason for fear, or for being taken by surprise, by the coming of the day of the Lord: “For ye are all sons (so the Greek) of light and sons of day”; a Hebrew idiom, implying that as sons resemble their fathers, so you are in character light (intellectually and morally illuminated in a spiritual point of view), Luke 16:8; John 12:36.

_ _ are not of — that is, belong not to night nor darkness. The change of person from “ye” to “we” implies this: Ye are sons of light because ye are Christians; and we, Christians, are not of night nor darkness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.
John 12:36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
Ephesians 5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lk 16:8. Jn 12:36. Ac 26:18. Ep 5:8.

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