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1 Thessalonians 5:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— prove all things; hold fast that which is good;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But examine everything [carefully]; hold fast to that which is good;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but prove all things, hold fast the right;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [But], all things, put to the proof—what is comely, hold ye fast:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— all things prove; that which is good hold fast;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But prove all things: hold fast that which is good.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Proue all things: hold fast that which is good.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Prove every thing, and what is good retain.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Explore every thing, and hold fast the good:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Prove 1381
{1381} Prime
δοκιμάζω
dokimazo
{dok-im-ad'-zo}
From G1384; to test (literally or figuratively); by implication to approve.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
all things; 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
hold fast 2722
{2722} Prime
κατέχω
katecho
{kat-ekh'-o}
From G2596 and G2192; to hold down (fast), in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
that which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is good. 2570
{2570} Prime
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 5:21-22

_ _ Some of the oldest manuscripts insert “But.” You ought indeed not to “quench” the manifestations of “the Spirit,” nor “despise prophesyings”; “but,” at the same time, do not take “all” as genuine which professes to be so; “prove (test) all” such manifestations. The means of testing them existed in the Church, in those who had the “discerning of spirits” (1 Corinthians 12:10; 1 Corinthians 14:29; 1 John 4:1). Another sure test, which we also have, is, to try the professed revelation whether it accords with Scripture, as the noble Bereans did (Isaiah 8:20; Acts 17:11; Galatians 1:8, Galatians 1:9). This precept negatives the Romish priest’s assumption of infallibly laying down the law, without the laity having the right, in the exercise of private judgment, to test it by Scripture. Locke says, Those who are for laying aside reason in matters of revelation, resemble one who would put out his eyes in order to use a telescope.

_ _ hold fast that which is good — Join this clause with the next clause (1 Thessalonians 5:22), not merely with the sentence preceding. As the result of your “proving all things,” and especially all prophesyings,hold fast (Luke 8:15; 1 Corinthians 11:2; Hebrews 2:1) the good, and hold yourselves aloof from every appearance of evil” (“every evil species” [Bengel and Wahl]). Do not accept even a professedly spirit-inspired communication, if it be at variance with the truth taught you (2 Thessalonians 2:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:16-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 5:21

Meantime, prove all things — Which any preacher recommends. (He speaks of practice, not of doctrines.) Try every advice by the touchstone of scripture, and hold fast that which is good — Zealously, resolutely, diligently practise it, in spite of all opposition.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Prove:

Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, [it is] because [there is] no light in them.
Matthew 7:15-20 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. ... Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.
Mark 7:14-16 And when he had called all the people [unto him], he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one [of you], and understand: ... If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
Luke 12:57 Yea, and why even of yourselves judge ye not what is right?
Acts 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
1 Corinthians 2:11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
1 Corinthians 2:14-15 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned. ... But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.
1 Corinthians 14:28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.
Ephesians 5:10 Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord.
Philippians 1:10 That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
*marg.
1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
Revelation 2:2 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

hold:

Deuteronomy 11:6-9 And what he did unto Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben: how the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their households, and their tents, and all the substance that [was] in their possession, in the midst of all Israel: ... And that ye may prolong [your] days in the land, which the LORD sware unto your fathers to give unto them and to their seed, a land that floweth with milk and honey.
Deuteronomy 32:46-47 And he said unto them, Set your hearts unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law. ... For it [is] not a vain thing for you; because it [is] your life: and through this thing ye shall prolong [your] days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.
Proverbs 3:1 My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:
Proverbs 3:21-24 My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom and discretion: ... When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid: yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet.
Proverbs 4:13 Take fast hold of instruction; let [her] not go: keep her; for she [is] thy life.
Proverbs 6:21-23 Bind them continually upon thine heart, [and] tie them about thy neck. ... For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:
Proverbs 23:23 Buy the truth, and sell [it] not; [also] wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.
Song of Songs 3:4 [It was] but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.
John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;
John 15:4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.
Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.
Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
1 Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.
Philippians 3:16 Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
2 Thessalonians 2:15 Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle.
2 Timothy 1:15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
2 Timothy 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:
Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;)
Revelation 2:25 But that which ye have [already] hold fast till I come.
Revelation 3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
Revelation 3:11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 11:6; 32:46. Pv 3:1, 21; 4:13; 6:21; 23:23. So 3:4. Is 8:20. Mt 7:15. Mk 7:14. Lk 12:57. Jn 8:31; 15:4. Ac 11:23; 14:22; 17:11. Ro 12:2, 9. 1Co 2:11, 14; 14:28; 15:58. Ep 5:10. Php 1:10; 3:16; 4:8. 2Th 2:15. 2Ti 1:15; 3:6; 4:14. He 10:23. 1Jn 4:1. Rv 2:2, 25; 3:3, 11.

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