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1 Thessalonians 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But we beseech you, brethren, to know them that labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But we request of you, brethren, that you appreciate those who diligently labor among you, and have charge over you in the Lord and give you instruction,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And we beseech you, brethren, to know them who labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But we beg you, brethren, to know those who labour among you, and take the lead among you in [the] Lord, and admonish you,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now we request you, brethren,—to know them who are toiling among you, and presiding over you, in the Lord, and admonishing you;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And we ask you, brethren, to know those labouring among you, and leading you in the Lord, and admonishing you,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And we beseech you, brethren, to know them who labour among you and are over you in the Lord and admonish you;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are ouer you in the Lord, and admonish you:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BUT I entreat of you, my brethren, to know them who labour among you, and stand before your faces teaching you,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And we entreat you, my brethren, that ye recognize them who labor among you, and who stand before your faces in our Lord, and instruct you:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
we beseech 2065
{2065} Prime
ἐρωτάω
erotao
{er-o-tah'-o}
Apparently from G2046 (compare G2045); to interrogate; by implication to request.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
to know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5760
<5760> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 30
them which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
labour 2872
{2872} Prime
κοπιάω
kopiao
{kop-ee-ah'-o}
From a derivative of G2873; to feel fatigue; by implication to work hard.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
are over 4291
{4291} Prime
προΐστημι
proistemi
{pro-is'-tay-mee}
From G4253 and G2476; to stand before, that is, (in rank) to preside, or (by implication) to practise.
z5734
<5734> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 111
you 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
admonish 3560
{3560} Prime
νουθετέω
noutheteo
{noo-thet-eh'-o}
From the same as G3559; to put in mind, that is, (by implication) to caution or reprove gently.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
you; 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 5:12

_ _ beseech — “Exhort” is the expression in 1 Thessalonians 5:14; here, “we beseech you,” as if it were a personal favor (Paul making the cause of the Thessalonian presbyters, as it were, his own).

_ _ know — to have a regard and respect for. Recognize their office, and treat them accordingly (compare 1 Corinthians 16:18) with reverence and with liberality in supplying their needs (1 Timothy 5:17). The Thessalonian Church having been newly planted, the ministers were necessarily novices (1 Timothy 3:6), which may have been in part the cause of the people’s treating them with less respect. Paul’s practice seems to have been to ordain elders in every Church soon after its establishment (Acts 14:23).

_ _ them which labour ... are over ... admonish you — not three classes of ministers, but one, as there is but one article common to the three in the Greek. “Labor” expresses their laborious life; “are over you,” their pre-eminence as presidents or superintendents (“bishops,” that is, overseers, Philippians 1:1, “them that have rule over you,” literally, leaders, Hebrews 13:17; “pastors,” literally, shepherds, Ephesians 4:11); “admonish you,” one of their leading functions; the Greek is “put in mind,” implying not arbitrary authority, but gentle, though faithful, admonition (2 Timothy 2:14, 2 Timothy 2:24, 2 Timothy 2:25; 1 Peter 5:3).

_ _ in the Lord — Their presidency over you is in divine things; not in worldly affairs, but in things appertaining to the Lord.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5:11-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 5:12

Know them that, Labour among you: Are over you in the Lord: Admonish you. Know — See, mark, take knowledge of them and their work. Sometimes the same person may both labour, that is, preach; be over, or govern; and admonish the flock by particular application to each: sometimes two or more different persons, according as God variously dispenses his gifts. But O, what a misery is it when a man undertakes this whole work without either gifts or graces for any part of it! Why, then, will he undertake it? for pay? What! will he sell both his own soul and all the souls of the flock? What words can describe such a wretch as this? And yet even this may be "an honourable man!"

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 5:12

(7) And we beseech you, brethren, to (b) know them which labour among you, and are over you in the (c) Lord, and admonish you;

(7) We must have consideration of those who are appointed to the ministry of the word, and the government of the church of God, and who do their duty.

(b) That you acknowledge and take them for such as they are, that is to say, men worthy to be greatly esteemed of among you.

(c) In those things which pertain to God's service: so is the ecclesiastical function distinguished from civil authority, and true shepherds from wolves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to know:

1 Corinthians 16:18 For they have refreshed my spirit and yours: therefore acknowledge ye them that are such.
Philippians 2:19 But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state.
Hebrews 13:7 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of [their] conversation.
Hebrews 13:17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that [is] unprofitable for you.

labour:

1 Thessalonians 2:9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.
Matthew 9:37-38 Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly [is] plenteous, but the labourers [are] few; ... Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.
Luke 10:1-2 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. ... Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly [is] great, but the labourers [are] few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest.
Luke 10:7 And in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house.
John 4:38 I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours.
Acts 20:35 I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building.
1 Corinthians 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which [was bestowed] upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
1 Corinthians 16:16 That ye submit yourselves unto such, and to every one that helpeth with [us], and laboureth.
2 Corinthians 5:9 Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of him.
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.
2 Corinthians 11:23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.
Galatians 4:11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.
Philippians 2:16 Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.
Colossians 1:29 Whereunto I also labour, striving according to his working, which worketh in me mightily.
1 Timothy 5:17-18 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. ... For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer [is] worthy of his reward.
2 Timothy 2:6 The husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits.
Revelation 2:3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

and are:

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
1 Corinthians 12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
Titus 1:5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:
Hebrews 13:7 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of [their] conversation.
Hebrews 13:17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that [is] unprofitable for you.
1 Peter 5:2-3 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; ... Neither as being lords over [God's] heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
Revelation 2:1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;
Revelation 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
Revelation 2:12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
Revelation 2:18 And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet [are] like fine brass;
Revelation 3:1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;
Revelation 3:14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

and admonish:

1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
1 Timothy 5:1 Rebuke not an elder, but intreat [him] as a father; [and] the younger men as brethren;
1 Timothy 5:20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
Titus 1:3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;
Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.
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Mt 9:37. Lk 10:1, 7. Jn 4:38. Ac 20:28, 35. 1Co 3:9; 12:28; 15:10; 16:16, 18. 2Co 5:9; 6:1; 11:23. Ga 4:11. Php 2:16, 19. Col 1:29. 1Th 2:9; 5:14. 1Ti 5:1, 17, 20. 2Ti 2:6. Tit 1:3, 5; 2:15. He 13:7, 17. 1P 5:2. Rv 1:20; 2:1, 3, 8, 12, 18; 3:1, 7, 14.

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