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1 Thessalonians 4:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that no man transgress, and wrong his brother in the matter: because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as also we forewarned you and testified.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because that the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [and] that no man transgress and defraud his brother in the matter because the Lord is [the] avenger in all these things, just as we also told you before and solemnly warned [you].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— not overstepping the rights of and wronging his brother in the matter, because the Lord [is] the avenger of all these things, even as we also told you before, and have fully testified.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Not over-reaching and defrauding, in the matter, his brother; because, an avenger, is the Lord, concerning all these things,—even as we before told you, and solemnly called you to witness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that no one go beyond and defraud in the matter his brother, because an avenger [is] the Lord of all these, as also we spake before to you and testified,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And that no man overreach nor circumvent his brother in business: because the Lord is the avenger of all these things, as we have told you before and have testified.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That [no man] goe beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter, because that the Lord is the auenger of all such; as we also haue forewarned you, and testified:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And that you dare not transgress, and defraud the one man his brother in this matter, because our Lord is the avenger of all these, as we have also before told you and testified.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that ye dare not to transgress and to overreach any one his brother, in this matter; because our Lord is the avenger of all these, as also we have said and testified to you in time past.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That no 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
[man] go beyond 5233
{5233} Prime
ὑπερβαίνω
huperbaino
{hoop-er-bah'-ee-no}
From G5228 and the base of G0939; to transcend; that is, (figuratively) to overreach.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
defraud 4122
{4122} Prime
πλεονεκτέω
pleonekteo
{pleh-on-cek-teh'-o}
From G4123; to be covetous, that is, (by implication) to over reach.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
brother 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
[any] matter: 4229
{4229} Prime
πρᾶγμα
pragma
{prag'-mah}
From G4238; a deed; by implication an affair; by extension an object (material).
because y1360
[1360] Standard
διότι
dioti
{dee-ot'-ee}
From G1223 and G3754; on the very account that, or inasmuch as.
that x1360
(1360) Complement
διότι
dioti
{dee-ot'-ee}
From G1223 and G3754; on the very account that, or inasmuch as.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
[is] the avenger 1558
{1558} Prime
ἔκδικος
ekdikos
{ek'-dik-os}
From G1537 and G1349; carrying justice out, that is, a punisher.
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
such, 5130
{5130} Prime
τούτων
touton
{too'-tone}
Genitive plural masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) these (persons or things).
as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
we y4277
[4277] Standard
προέπω
proepo
{pro-ep'-o}
From G4253 and G2036; to say already, to predict.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have forewarned 4277
{4277} Prime
προέπω
proepo
{pro-ep'-o}
From G4253 and G2036; to say already, to predict.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
testified. 1263
{1263} Prime
διαμαρτύρομαι
diamarturomai
{dee-am-ar-too'-rom-ahee}
From G1223 and G3140; to attest or protest earnestly, or (by implication) hortatively.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 4:6

_ _ go beyond — transgress the bounds of rectitude in respect to his “brother.”

_ _ defraud — “overreach” [Alford]; “take advantage of” [Edmunds].

_ _ in any matter — rather as Greek, “in the matter”; a decorous expression for the matter now in question; the conjugal honor of his neighbor as a husband, 1 Thessalonians 4:4; 1 Thessalonians 4:7 also confirms this view; the word “brother” enhances the enormity of the crime. It is your brother whom you wrong (compare Proverbs 6:27-33).

_ _ the Lord — the coming Judge (2 Thessalonians 1:7, 2 Thessalonians 1:8).

_ _ avenger — the Righter.

_ _ of all suchGreek, “concerning all these things;” in all such cases of wrongs against a neighbor’s conjugal honor.

_ _ testifiedGreek,constantly testified [Alford].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:6

In this matter — By violating his bed. The things forbidden, here are three: fornication, 1 Thessalonians 4:3; the passion of desire, or inordinate affection in the married state, 1 Thessalonians 4:5; and the breach of the marriage contract.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:6

(5) That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because that the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.

(5) Secondly, he reprehends all violent oppression, and immoderate desire, and shows most severely as the Prophet of God, that God will avenge such wickedness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
go:

Exodus 20:15 Thou shalt not steal.
Exodus 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that [is] thy neighbour's.
Leviticus 19:11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.
Leviticus 19:13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob [him]: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.
Deuteronomy 25:13-16 Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small. ... For all that do such things, [and] all that do unrighteously, [are] an abomination unto the LORD thy God.
Proverbs 11:1 A false balance [is] abomination to the LORD: but a just weight [is] his delight.
Proverbs 16:11 A just weight and balance [are] the LORD'S: all the weights of the bag [are] his work.
Proverbs 20:14 [It is] naught, [it is] naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.
Proverbs 20:23 Divers weights [are] an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance [is] not good.
Proverbs 28:24 Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, [It is] no transgression; the same [is] the companion of a destroyer.
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Isaiah 59:4-7 None calleth for justice, nor [any] pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity. ... Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts [are] thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction [are] in their paths.
Jeremiah 9:4 Take ye heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbour will walk with slanders.
Ezekiel 22:13 Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
Ezekiel 45:9-14 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice, take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord GOD. ... Concerning the ordinance of oil, the bath of oil, [ye shall offer] the tenth part of a bath out of the cor, [which is] an homer of ten baths; for ten baths [are] an homer:
Amos 8:5-6 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? ... That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; [yea], and sell the refuse of the wheat?
Zephaniah 3:5 The just LORD [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
Mark 10:19 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
1 Corinthians 6:7-9 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather [suffer yourselves to] be defrauded? ... Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with [his] hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

defraud:
or, oppress, or, over-reach,
Leviticus 25:14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest [ought] of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:
Leviticus 25:17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I [am] the LORD your God.
1 Samuel 12:3-4 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you. ... And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
Proverbs 22:22 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
Jeremiah 7:6 [If] ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt:
Micah 2:2 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
Zephaniah 3:1 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!
James 2:6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

in any matter:
or, in the matter

the Lord:

Deuteronomy 32:35 To me [belongeth] vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in [due] time: for the day of their calamity [is] at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
Job 31:13-14 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me; ... What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?
Psalms 94:1 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
Psalms 140:12 I know that the LORD will maintain the cause of the afflicted, [and] the right of the poor.
Proverbs 22:22-23 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: ... For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.
Isaiah 1:23-24 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them. ... Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies:
Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Romans 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but [rather] give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance [is] mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

as we:

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:15, 17. Lv 19:11, 13; 25:14, 17. Dt 24:7; 25:13; 32:35. 1S 12:3. Jb 31:13. Ps 94:1; 140:12. Pv 11:1; 16:11; 20:14, 23; 22:22; 28:24. Ec 5:8. Is 1:23; 5:7; 59:4. Jr 7:6; 9:4. Ezk 22:13; 45:9. Am 8:5. Mi 2:2. Zp 3:1, 5. Mal 3:5. Mk 10:19. Lk 12:5. Ro 1:18; 12:19. 1Co 6:7. Ga 5:21. Ep 4:17, 28; 5:6. 2Th 1:8. Jm 2:6; 5:4.

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