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1 Thessalonians 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— not in the passion of lust, even as the Gentiles who know not God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles who know not God:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (not in passionate desire, even as the nations who know not God,)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Not with a passion of coveting,—just as even the nations who know not God,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— not in the affection of desire, as also the nations that were not knowing God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Not in the passion of lust, like the Gentiles that know not God:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Not in the lust of concupiscence, euen as the Gentiles which know not God:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and not in the passions of concupiscence, as the rest of the Gentiles who know not Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and not in the concupiscence of lust, like the rest of the Gentiles who know not God:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the lust 3806
{3806} Prime
πάθος
pathos
{path'-os}
From the alternate of G3958; properly suffering ('pathos'), that is, (subjectively) a passion (especially concupiscence).
of concupiscence, 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as 2509
{2509} Prime
καθάπερ
kathaper
{kath-ap'-er}
From G2505 and G4007; exactly as.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Gentiles 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
God: 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 4:5

_ _ in the lustGreek, “passion”; which implies that such a one is unconsciously the passive slave of lust.

_ _ which know not God — and so know no better. Ignorance of true religion is the parent of unchastity (Ephesians 4:18, Ephesians 4:19). A people’s morals are like the objects of their worship (Deuteronomy 7:26; Psalms 115:8; Romans 1:23, Romans 1:24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:5

Not in passionate desire — Which had no place in man when in a state of innocence. Who know not God — And so may naturally seek happiness in a creature. What seemingly accidental words slide in; and yet how fine, and how vastly important!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:5

(4) Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

(4) The third, because the saints are distinguished by honesty and purity from those who do not know God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in the:

Romans 1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:
Romans 1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
Colossians 3:5 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:

as the:

Matthew 6:32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
Luke 12:30 For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.
Ephesians 4:17-19 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:

know:

Acts 17:23 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.
Acts 17:30-31 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent: ... Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
Galatians 4:8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.
Ephesians 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 6:32. Lk 12:30. Ac 17:23, 30. Ro 1:24, 26, 28. 1Co 1:21; 15:34. Ga 4:8. Ep 2:12; 4:17. Col 3:5. 2Th 1:8. 1P 4:3.

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