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1 Thessalonians 4:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that each one of you know how to possess himself of his own vessel in sanctification and honor,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honor;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honour,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That ye should know, each one of you, how, of his own vessel, to possess himself in sanctification and honour:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that each of you know his own vessel to possess in sanctification and honour,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That euery one of you should know how to possesse his vessell in sanctification and honour:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and that every man of you know to possess his vessel in sanctification and in honour,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that each one of you might know how to possess his vessel, in sanctity and in honor;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That every one 1538
{1538} Prime
ἕκαστος
hekastos
{hek'-as-tos}
As if a superlative of ἕκας [[hekas]] (afar); each or every.
of you 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
should know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5760
<5760> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 30
how to possess 2932
{2932} Prime
κτάομαι
ktaomai
{ktah'-om-ahee}
A primary verb; to get, that is, acquire (by any means; own).
z5738
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
his 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
vessel 4632
{4632} Prime
σκεῦος
skeuos
{skyoo'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a vessel, implement, equipment or apparatus (literally or figuratively [specifically a wife as contributing to the usefulness of the husband]).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
sanctification 38
{0038} Prime
ἁγιασμός
hagiasmos
{hag-ee-as-mos'}
From G0037; properly purification, that is, (the state) purity; concretely (by Hebraism) a purifier.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
honour; 5092
{5092} Prime
τιμή
time
{tee-may'}
From G5099; a value, that is, money paid, or (concretely and collectively) valuables; by analogy esteem (especially of the highest degree), or the dignity itself.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 4:4

_ _ know — by moral self-control.

_ _ how to possess his vessel — rather as Greek, “how to acquire (get for himself) his own vessel,” that is, that each should have his own wife so as to avoid fornication (1 Thessalonians 4:3; 1 Corinthians 7:2). The emphatical position of “his own” in the Greek, and the use of “vessel” for wife, in 1 Peter 3:7, and in common Jewish phraseology, and the correct translation “acquire,” all justify this rendering.

_ _ in sanctification — (Romans 6:19; 1 Corinthians 6:15, 1 Corinthians 6:18). Thus, “his own” stands in opposition to dishonoring his brother by lusting after his wife (1 Thessalonians 4:6).

_ _ honour — (Hebrews 13:4) contrasted with “dishonor their own bodies” (Romans 1:24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:4

That every one know — For this requires knowledge, as well as chastity. To possess his vessel — His wife. In sanctification and honour — So as neither to dishonour God or himself, nor to obstruct, but further, holiness; remembering, marriage is not designed to inflame, but to conquer, natural desires.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:4

(3) That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour;

(3) Another reason, because it defiles the body.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
should:

Romans 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
1 Corinthians 6:15 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make [them] the members of an harlot? God forbid.
1 Corinthians 6:18-20 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. ... For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

his:

1 Samuel 21:5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women [have been] kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and [the bread is] in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.
Acts 9:15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:
Romans 9:21-23 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? ... And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,
2 Timothy 2:20-21 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. ... If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, [and] prepared unto every good work.
1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with [them] according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.

honour:

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
Hebrews 13:4 Marriage [is] honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 21:5. Ac 9:15. Ro 6:19; 9:21; 12:1. 1Co 6:15, 18. Php 4:8. 2Ti 2:20. He 13:4. 1P 3:7.

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