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1 Thessalonians 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that ye may walk becomingly toward them that are without, and may have need of nothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and [that] ye may have lack of nothing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so that you will behave properly toward outsiders and not be in any need.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That ye may walk honestly towards them that are without, and [that] ye may have need of nothing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that ye may walk reputably towards those without, and may have need of no one.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That ye should walk reputably toward those without, and, of no one, have, need.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that ye may walk becomingly unto those without, and may have lack of nothing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— and that you walk honestly towards them that are without: and that you want nothing of any man's.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That ye may walke honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may haue lacke of nothing.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— that you may walk becomingly towards the outward-ones, and of man you may not need.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and that ye walk becomingly towards those without; and that ye be dependent on no man.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That 2443
{2443} Prime
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
ye may walk 4043
{4043} Prime
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
honestly 2156
{2156} Prime
Adverb from G2158; decorously.
toward 4314
{4314} Prime
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
them that are without, 1854
{1854} Prime
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[that] ye may have 2192
{2192} Prime
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
lack 5532
{5532} Prime
From the base of G5530 or G5534; employment, that is, an affair; also (by implication) occasion, demand, requirement or destitution.
of nothing. 3367
{3367} Prime
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 4:12

_ _ honestly — in the Old English sense, “becomingly,” as becomes your Christian profession; not bringing discredit on it in the eyes of the outer world, as if Christianity led to sloth and poverty (Romans 13:13; 1 Peter 2:12).

_ _ them ... without — outside the Christian Church (Mark 4:11).

_ _ have lack of nothing — not have to beg from others for the supply of your wants (compare Ephesians 4:28). So far from needing to beg from others, we ought to work and get the means of supplying the need of others. Freedom from pecuniary embarrassment is to be desired by the Christian on account of the liberty which it bestows.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4:9-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 4:12

Decently — That they may have no pretence to say, (but they will say it still,) "This religion makes men idle, and brings them to beggary." And may want nothing — Needful for life and godliness. What Christian desires more?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye may walk:

1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
Romans 12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
2 Corinthians 8:20-21 Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us: ... Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
Titus 2:8-10 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you. ... Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.
1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by [your] good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
1 Peter 3:16-17 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ. ... For [it is] better, if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.


Mark 4:11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all [these] things are done in parables:
1 Corinthians 5:12-13 For what have I to do to judge them also that are without? do not ye judge them that are within? ... But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.
Colossians 4:5 Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time.
1 Timothy 3:7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.
1 Peter 3:1 Likewise, ye wives, [be] in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives;

or, no man,
2 Corinthians 11:7-9 Have I committed an offence in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I have preached to you the gospel of God freely? ... And when I was present with you, and wanted, I was chargeable to no man: for that which was lacking to me the brethren which came from Macedonia supplied: and in all [things] I have kept myself from being burdensome unto you, and [so] will I keep [myself].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mk 4:11. Ro 12:17; 13:13. 1Co 5:12. 2Co 8:20; 11:7. Php 4:8. Col 4:5. 1Th 5:22. 1Ti 3:7. Tit 2:8. 1P 2:12; 3:1, 16.

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