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1 Thessalonians 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— night and day praying exceedingly that we may see your face, and may perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— as we night and day keep praying most earnestly that we may see your face, and may complete what is lacking in your faith?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Night and day praying exceedingly that we may see your face, and may perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— night and day beseeching exceedingly to the end that we may see your face, and perfect what is lacking in your faith?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Night and day, making very abundant entreaties, that we may see your face, and fit in the things which are lacking in your faith?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— night and day exceedingly beseeching, that we might see your face, and perfect the things lacking in your faith.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Night and day more abundantly praying that we may see your face and may accomplish those things that are wanting to your faith?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Night & day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— unless before Aloha we supplicate exceedingly by night and by day to see your faces, and to perfect what is wanting to your faith?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— unless it be, that we the more supplicate before God, by night and by day, that we may see your faces, and may perfect what is lacking in your faith?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Night 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
praying 1189
{1189} Prime
δέομαι
deomai
{deh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of G1210; to beg (as binding oneself), that is, petition.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
exceedingly 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
4053
{4053} Prime
περισσός
perissos
{per-is-sos'}
From G4012 (in the sense of beyond); superabundant (in quantity) or superior (in quality); by implication excessive; adverb (with G1537) violently; neuter (as noun) preeminence.
5228
{5228} Prime
ὑπέρ
huper
{hoop-er'}
A primary preposition; 'over', that is, (with the genitive case) of place, above, beyond, across, or causal, for the sake of, instead, regarding; with the accusative case superior to, more than. In compounds it retains many of the listed applications.
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
we might see 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
face, 4383
{4383} Prime
πρόσωπον
prosopon
{pros'-o-pon}
From G4314 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the visage; from G3700); the front (as being towards view), that is, the countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by implication presence, person.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
might perfect 2675
{2675} Prime
καταρτίζω
katartizo
{kat-ar-tid'-zo}
From G2596 and a derivative of G0739; to complete thoroughly, that is, repair (literally or figuratively) or adjust.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
that which is lacking 5303
{5303} Prime
ὑστέρημα
husterema
{hoos-ter'-ay-mah}
From G5302; a deficit; specifically poverty.
in your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
faith? 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 3:10

_ _ Night and day — (See on 1 Thessalonians 2:9). Night is the season for the saint’s holiest meditations and prayers (2 Timothy 1:3).

_ _ praying — connected with, “we joy”; we joy while we pray; or else as Alford, What thanks can we render to God while we pray? The Greek implies a beseeching request.

_ _ exceedingly — literally, “more than exceeding abundantly” (compare Ephesians 3:20).

_ _ that which is lacking — Even the Thessalonians had points in which they needed improvement [Bengel], (Luke 17:5). Their doctrinal views as to the nearness of Christ’s coming, and as to the state of those who had fallen asleep, and their practice in some points, needed correction (1 Thessalonians 4:1-9). Paul’s method was to begin by commending what was praiseworthy, and then to correct what was amiss; a good pattern to all admonishers of others.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 3:6-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 3:10

And perfect that which is wanting in your faith — So St. Paul did not know that "they who are once upon the rock no longer need to be taught by man."

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 3:10

Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might (b) perfect that which is lacking in your faith?

(b) Paul was forced through the pressing dealing of the enemies to leave the building which he had just begun: and for that reason he had left Silas and Timothy in Macedonia, and when Timothy came to Athens to him, he sent him back again immediately. So that he desires to see the Thessalonians, that he may thoroughly perfect their faith and religion, that was as yet imperfect.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Night:

Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
Acts 26:7 Unto which [promise] our twelve tribes, instantly serving [God] day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.
2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from [my] forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;
Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about [him]; and [they were] full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

praying:

1 Thessalonians 3:11 Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.
1 Thessalonians 2:17-18 But we, brethren, being taken from you for a short time in presence, not in heart, endeavoured the more abundantly to see your face with great desire. ... Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.
Romans 1:10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you.
Romans 15:30-32 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in [your] prayers to God for me; ... That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed.
Philemon 1:22 But withal prepare me also a lodging: for I trust that through your prayers I shall be given unto you.

might perfect:

Romans 1:11-12 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; ... That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
2 Corinthians 1:15 And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that ye might have a second benefit;
2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand.
2 Corinthians 13:9 For we are glad, when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we wish, [even] your perfection.
2 Corinthians 13:11 Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you.
Philippians 1:25 And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith;
Colossians 1:28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
Colossians 4:12 Epaphras, who is [one] of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God.
2 Thessalonians 1:11 Wherefore also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy of [this] calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of [his] goodness, and the work of faith with power:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lk 2:37. Ac 26:7. Ro 1:10, 11; 15:30. 2Co 1:15, 24; 13:9, 11. Php 1:25. Col 1:28; 4:12. 1Th 2:17; 3:11. 2Th 1:11. 2Ti 1:3. Phm 1:22. Rv 4:8; 7:15.

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