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1 Thessalonians 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— because we would fain have come unto you, I Paul once and again; and Satan hindered us.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we wanted to come to you—I, Paul, more than once—and [yet] Satan hindered us.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore we would have come to you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— wherefore we have desired to come to you, even I Paul, both once and twice, and Satan has hindered us.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, we desired to come unto you—even, I, Paul, both once and again,—and, Satan, thwarted us.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore we wished to come unto you, (I indeed Paul,) both once and again, and the Adversary did hinder us;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we would have come unto you, I Paul indeed, once and again: but Satan hath hindered us.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore we would haue come vnto you (euen I Paul) once & againe: but Satan hindered vs.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and have wished to come to you (even) I, Paulos, one time and two; but Satana hindered me.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And we purposed to come to you, I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered me.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
we would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
have come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
even 3303
{3303} Prime
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
Paul, 3972
{3972} Prime
Παῦλος
Paulos
{pow'-los}
Of Latin origin; (little; but remotely from a derivative of G3973, meaning the same); Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
once y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
y530
[0530] Standard
ἅπαξ
hapax
{hap'-ax}
Probably from G0537; one (or a single) time (numerically or conclusively).
and y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
again; 1364
{1364} Prime
δίς
dis
{dece}
Adverb from G1417; twice.
x530
(0530) Complement
ἅπαξ
hapax
{hap'-ax}
Probably from G0537; one (or a single) time (numerically or conclusively).
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
but 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Satan 4567
{4567} Prime
Σατανᾶς
Satanas
{sat-an-as'}
Of Chaldee origin corresponding to G4566 (with the definite article affixed); the accuser, that is, the devil.
hindered 1465
{1465} Prime
ἐγκόπτω
egkopto
{eng-kop'-to}
From G1722 and G2875; to cut into, that is, (figuratively) impede, detain.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
us. 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 2:18

_ _ Wherefore — The oldest manuscripts read, “Because,” or “Inasmuch as.”

_ _ we wouldGreek,we wished to come”; we intended to come.

_ _ even I Paul — My fellow missionaries as well as myself wished to come; I can answer for myself that I intended it more than once. His slightly distinguishing himself here from his fellow missionaries, whom throughout this Epistle he associates with himself in the plural, accords with the fact that Silvanus and Timothy stayed at Berea when Paul went on to Athens; where subsequently Timothy joined him, and was thence sent by Paul alone to Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 3:1).

_ _ Satan hindered us — On a different occasion “the Holy Ghost, the Spirit of Jesus” (so the oldest manuscripts read), Acts 16:6, Acts 16:7, forbad or hindered them in a missionary design; here it is Satan, acting perhaps by wicked men, some of whom had already driven him out of Thessalonica (Acts 17:13, Acts 17:14; compare John 13:27), or else by some more direct “messenger of Satan — a thorn in the flesh” (2 Corinthians 12:7; compare 2 Corinthians 11:14). In any event, the Holy Ghost and the providence of God overruled Satan’s opposition to further His own purpose. We cannot, in each case, define whence hindrances in good undertakings arise; Paul in this case, by inspiration, was enabled to say; the hindrance was from Satan. Grotius thinks Satan’s mode of hindering Paul’s journey to Thessalonica was by instigating the Stoic and Epicurean philosophers to cavil, which entailed on Paul the necessity of replying, and so detained him; but he seems to have left Athens leisurely (Acts 17:33, Acts 17:34; Acts 18:1). The Greek for “hindered” is literally, “to cut a trench between one’s self and an advancing foe, to prevent his progress”; so Satan opposing the progress of the missionaries.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 2:17-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 2:18

Satan — By those persecuting Jews, Acts 17:13.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
even:

1 Corinthians 16:21 The salutation of [me] Paul with mine own hand.
Colossians 4:18 The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds. Grace [be] with you. Amen. [[[Written from Rome to Colossians by Tychicus and Onesimus.]]]
2 Thessalonians 3:17 The salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I write.
Philemon 1:9 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech [thee], being such an one as Paul the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ.

once:

Job 33:14 For God speaketh once, yea twice, [yet man] perceiveth it not.
Philippians 4:16 For even in Thessalonica ye sent once and again unto my necessity.

Satan:

Zechariah 3:1-2 And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. ... And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: [is] not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
Romans 1:13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles.
Romans 15:22 For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming to you.
2 Corinthians 11:12-14 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them which desire occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we. ... And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.
Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
Revelation 12:9-12 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. ... Therefore rejoice, [ye] heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 33:14. Zc 3:1. Ro 1:13; 15:22. 1Co 16:21. 2Co 11:12. Php 4:16. Col 4:18. 2Th 3:17. Phm 1:9. Rv 2:10; 12:9.

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