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1 Thessalonians 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who both killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and drove out us, and pleased not God, and are contrary to all men;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who both killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and drove us out. They are not pleasing to God, but hostile to all men,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who have both slain the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and have driven us out by persecution, and do not please God, and [are] against all men,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who have both slain the, Lord, Jesus—and the prophets, and, us, have persecuted, and, unto God, are displeasing, and, unto all men, are contrary,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who did both put to death the Lord Jesus and their own prophets, and did persecute us, and God they are not pleasing, and to all men [are] contrary,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and the prophets, and have persecuted us, and please not God, and are adversaries to all men;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who both killed the Lord Iesus, and their owne Prophets, and haue persecuted vs: and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who killed our Lord Jeshu Meshiha, and the prophets who were of them, and ourselves have persecuted, and Aloha have not pleased, and have acted adversely to all men;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— the persons who slew our Lord Jesus the Messiah, and persecuted their own prophets and us; and they please not God, and are made hostile to all men;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who both y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
killed 615
{0615} Prime
ἀποκτείνω
apokteino
{ap-ok-ti'-no}
From G0575 and κτείνω [[kteino]] (to slay); to kill outright; figuratively to destroy.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus, 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
their own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
prophets, 4396
{4396} Prime
προφήτης
prophetes
{prof-ay'-tace}
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have persecuted 1559
{1559} Prime
ἐκδιώκω
ekdioko
{ek-dee-o'-ko}
From G1537 and G1377; to pursue out, that is, expel or persecute implacably.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
us; 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they please 700
{0700} Prime
ἀρέσκω
aresko
{ar-es'-ko}
Probably from G0142 (through the idea of exciting emotion); to be agreeable (or by implication to seek to be so).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
are contrary 1727
{1727} Prime
ἐναντίος
enantios
{en-an-tee'-os}
From G1725; opposite; figuratively antagonistic.
to all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
men: 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Thessalonians 2:15

_ _ the Lord Jesus — rather as Greek, “Jesus THE LORD.” This enhances the glaring enormity of their sin, that in killing Jesus they killed the Lord (Compare Acts 3:14, Acts 3:15).

_ _ their own — omitted in the oldest manuscripts.

_ _ prophets — (Matthew 21:33-41; Matthew 23:31-37; Luke 13:33).

_ _ persecuted us — rather as Greek (see Margin), “By persecution drove us out” (Luke 11:49).

_ _ please not God — that is, they do not make it their aim to please God. He implies that with all their boast of being God’s peculiar people, they all the while are “no pleasers of God,” as certainly as, by the universal voice of the world, which even they themselves cannot contradict, they are declared to be perversely “contrary to all men.” Josephus [Against Apion, 2.14], represents one calling them “Atheists and Misanthropes, the dullest of barbarians”; and Tacitus [Histories, 5.5], “They have a hostile hatred of all other men.” However, the contrariety to all men here meant is, in that they “forbid us to speak to the Gentiles that they may be saved” (1 Thessalonians 2:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Thessalonians 2:13-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Thessalonians 2:15

Us — Apostles and preachers of the gospel. They please not God — Nor are they even careful to please him, notwithstanding their fair professions. And are contrary to all men — Are common enemies of mankind; not only by their continual seditions and insurrections, and by their utter contempt of all other nations; but in particular, by their endeavouring to hinder their hearing or receiving the gospel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Thessalonians 2:15

(13) Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; (14) and they please not God, and are contrary to (i) all men:

(13) He prevents an offence which might be taken, because the Jews especially above all others persecuted the Gospel. That is no new thing, he says, seeing that they slew Christ himself, and his Prophets, and have banished me also.

(14) He foretells the utter destruction of the Jews, lest any man should be moved by their rebellion.

(i) For the Jews would neither enter into the kingdom of God themselves, nor allow others to enter in.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
killed:

Matthew 5:12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great [is] your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
Matthew 21:35-39 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. ... And they caught him, and cast [him] out of the vineyard, and slew [him].
Matthew 23:31-35 Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. ... That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.
Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be] on us, and on our children.
Luke 11:48-51 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres. ... From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
Luke 13:33-34 Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the [day] following: for it cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. ... O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
Acts 4:10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
Acts 5:30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.
Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:

persecuted us:
or, chased us out,
Amos 7:12 Also Amaziah said unto Amos, O thou seer, go, flee thee away into the land of Judah, and there eat bread, and prophesy there:
Acts 22:18-21 And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me. ... And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles.

please:

Acts 12:3 And because he saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to take Peter also. (Then were the days of unleavened bread.)
1 Corinthians 10:5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.

contrary:

Esther 3:8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws [are] diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it [is] not for the king's profit to suffer them.
Luke 11:52-53 Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered. ... And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge [him] vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Es 3:8. Am 7:12. Mt 5:12; 21:35; 23:31, 37; 27:25. Lk 11:48, 52; 13:33. Ac 2:23; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30; 7:52; 12:3; 22:18. 1Co 10:5.

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