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1 Samuel 9:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Becorath, the son of Aphiah, the son of a Benjamite, a mighty man of valor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name [was] Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now there was a man of Benjamin whose name was Kish the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Becorath, the son of Aphiah, the son of a Benjamite, a mighty man of valor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name [was] Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjaminite, a mighty man of power.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And there was a man of Benjamin whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, the son of a Benjaminite, a mighty man of wealth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name, was Kish—son of Abiel, son of Zeror, son of Becorath, son of Aphiah, son of a Benjamite,—a mighty man of valour;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And there is a man of Benjamin, and his name [is] Kish, son of Abiel, son of Zeror, son of Bechorath, son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, mighty of valour,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Cis, the son of Abiel, the son of Seror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphia, the son of a man of Jemini, valiant and strong.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now there was a man of Beniamin, whose name was Kish, the sonne of Abiel, the sonne of Zeror, the sonne of Bechorath, the sonne of Aphiah, a Beniamite, a mighty man of power.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And [there was] a man of the sons of Benjamin, and his name [was] Kish{gr.Kis}, the son of Abiel, the son of Jared, the son of Bachir, the son of Aphec, the son of a Benjamite, a man of might.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now there was a man of Binyamin, whose name [was] Qish, the son of Aviel, the son of Tzeror, the son of Bekhorath, the son of Afiach, a Benyemini, a mighty man of power.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now there was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Binymn בִּניָמִין, 1144
{1144} Prime
בִּנְיָמִן
Binyamiyn
{bin-yaw-mene'}
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
whose name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
[was] K קִישׁ, 7027
{7027} Prime
קִישׁ
Qiysh
{keesh}
From H6983; a bow; Kish, the name of five Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of vl אֲבִיאֵל, 22
{0022} Prime
אֲבִיאֵל
'Abiy'el
{ab-ee-ale'}
From H0001 and H0410; father (that is possessor) of God; Abiel, the name of two Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Xrr צְרוֹר, 6872
{6872} Prime
צְרוֹר
ts@rowr
{tser-ore'}
From H6887; a parcel (as packed up); also a kernel or particle (as if a package).
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Bra בְּכוֹרַת, 1064
{1064} Prime
בְּכוֹרַת
B@kowrath
{bek-o-rath'}
Feminine of H1062; primogeniture; Bekorath, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of f אֲפִיחַ, 647
{0647} Prime
אֲפִיחַ
'Aphiyach
{af-ee'-akh}
Perhaps from H6315; breeze; Aphiach, an Israelite.
a Benymn בֶּניְמִינִי, 1145
{1145} Prime
בּן־יְמִינִי
Ben-y@miyniy
{ben-yem-ee-nee'}
Multiple forms. Sometimes (with the article inserted); with H0376 inserted (1 Samuel 9:1); son of a man of Jemini; or shorter (1 Samuel 9:4; Esther 2:5); a man of Jemini; or (1 Samuel 20:1); more simply: a Jeminite; (plural patronymic from H1144; a Benjaminite, or descendant of Benjamin.
a mighty y1368
[1368] Standard
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
man y376
[0376] Standard
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
x1368
(1368) Complement
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
of power. 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 9:1

_ _ 1 Samuel 9:1-14. Saul, despairing to find his father’s asses, comes to Samuel.

_ _ a mighty man of power — that is, of great wealth and substance. The family was of high consideration in the tribe of Benjamin, and therefore Saul’s words must be set down among the common forms of affected humility, which Oriental people are wont to use.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Samuel 9:1-2

_ _ We are here told, 1. What a good family Saul was of, 1 Samuel 9:1. He was of the tribe of Benjamin; so was the New Testament Saul, who also was called Paul, and he mentions it as his honour, for Benjamin was a favourite, Romans 11:1; Philippians 3:5. That tribe had been reduced to a very small number by the fatal war with Gibeah, and much ado there was to provide wives for those 600 men that were the poor remains of it out of that diminished tribe, which is here called, with good reason, the smallest of the tribes of Israel, 1 Samuel 9:21. Saul sprang as a root out of a dry ground. That tribe, though fewest in number, was first in dignity, God giving more abundant honour to that part which lacked, 1 Corinthians 12:24. His father was Kish, a mighty man of power, or, as the margin reads it, in substance; in spirit bold, in body strong, in estate wealthy. The whole lot of the tribe of Benjamin coming to be distributed among 600 men, we may suppose their inheritances were much larger than theirs who were of other tribes, an advantage which somewhat helped to balance the disadvantage of the smallness of their number. 2. What a good figure Saul made, 1 Samuel 9:2. No mention is here made of his wisdom or virtue, his learning or piety, or any of the accomplishments of his mind, but that he was a tall, proper, handsome man, that had a good face, a good shape, and a good presence, graceful and well proportioned: Among all the children of Israel there was not a goodlier person than he; and, as if nature had marked him for preeminence and superiority, he was taller by the head and shoulders than any of the people, the fitter to be a match for the giants of Gath, the champions of the Philistines. When God chose a king after his own heart he pitched upon one that was not at all remarkable for the height of his stature, nor any thing in his countenance but the innocence and sweetness that appeared there, 1 Samuel 16:7, 1 Samuel 16:12. But when he chose a king after the people's heart, who aimed at nothing so much as stateliness and grandeur, he pitched upon this huge tall man, who, if he had no other good qualities, yet would look great. It does not appear that he excelled in strength so much as he did in stature; Samson did, and him they slighted, bound, and betrayed into the hands of the Philistines; justly therefore are they now put off with one who, though of uncommon height, is weak as other men. They would have a king like the nations, and the nations commonly chose portly men for their kings.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 9:1

Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name [was] Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a (a) mighty man of power.

(a) That is, both valiant and rich.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Kish:

1 Samuel 14:51 And Kish [was] the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner [was] the son of Abiel.
1 Chronicles 8:30-33 And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab, ... And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.
1 Chronicles 9:36-39 And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Ner, and Nadab, ... And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.
Acts 13:21 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years.
, Cis

a Benjamite:
or, the son of a man of Jemini

power:
or, substance.
1 Samuel 25:2 And [there was] a man in Maon, whose possessions [were] in Carmel; and the man [was] very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
2 Samuel 19:32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, [even] fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he [was] a very great man.
Job 1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.
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1S 14:51; 25:2. 2S 19:32. 1Ch 8:30; 9:36. Jb 1:3. Ac 13:21.

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