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1 Samuel 7:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and called the name of it Eben-ezer, saying, Hitherto hath Jehovah helped us.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and named it Ebenezer, saying, “Thus far the LORD has helped us.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Eben-ezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and called the name of it Eben-ezer, and said, Hitherto Jehovah has helped us.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Samuel took a certain stone, and set it between Mizpah and Yeshanah, and called the name thereof Eben-ezer,—and said, Hitherto, hath Yahweh helped us.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Samuel taketh a stone, and setteth [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and calleth its name Eben-Ezer, saying, 'Hitherto hath Jehovah helped us.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Samuel took a stone, and laid it between Masphath and Sen: and he called the place The stone of help. And he said: Thus far the Lord hath helped us.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Samuel tooke a stone, and set it betweene Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Eben-Ezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped vs.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Samuel took a stone, and set it up between Mizpeh{gr.Massephath} and the old [city]; and he called the name of it Abenezer, stone of the helper; and he said, Hitherto has the Lord helped us.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Shemuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mitzpah and Shen, and called the name of it Even Ezer, saying, Hitherto hath Yahweh helped us.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then ml שְׁמוּאֵל 8050
{8050} Prime
שְׁמוּאֵל
Sh@muw'el
{sehm-oo-ale'}
From the passive participle of H8085 and H0410; heard of God; Shemuel, the name of three Israelites.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
stone, 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
and set 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it] between x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
Mixp מִצפָּה 4709
{4709} Prime
מִצְפָּה
Mitspah
{mits-paw'}
Feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine. (This seems rather to be only an orthographical variation of H4708 when 'in pause'.).
and n שֵׁן, 8129
{8129} Prime
שֵׁן
Shen
{shane}
The same as H8127; crag; Shen, a palce in Palestine.
and called 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of it Even `zer אֶבֶן־עֵזֶר, 72
{0072} Prime
אֶבֶן הָעֵזֶר
'Eben ha-`ezer
{eh'-ben haw-e'-zer}
From H0068 and H5828 with the article inserted; stone of the help; Eben ha-Ezer, a place in Palestine.
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Hitherto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
hath Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
helped 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
us.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 7:12

_ _ Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen — on an open spot between the town and “the crag” (some well-known rock in the neighborhood). A huge stone pillar was erected as a monument of their victory (Leviticus 26:1). The name — Eben-ezer — is thought to have been written on the face of it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 7:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 7:12

A stone — A rude unpolished stone, which was not prohibited by that law, Leviticus 26:1, there being no danger of worshipping such a stone, and this being set up only as a monument of the victory. Eben — ezer — That is, the stone of help. And this victory was gained in the very same place where the Israelites received their former fatal loss. Helped us — He hath begun to help us, though not compleatly to deliver us. By which wary expression, he exciteth both their thankfulness for their mercy received, and their holy fear and care to please and serve the Lord, that he might help and deliver them effectually.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 7:12

Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and (g) Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us.

(g) Which was a great rock over against Mizpeh.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
took a stone:

Genesis 28:18-19 And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put [for] his pillows, and set it up [for] a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. ... And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city [was called] Luz at the first.
Genesis 31:45-52 And Jacob took a stone, and set it up [for] a pillar. ... This heap [be] witness, and [this] pillar [be] witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm.
Genesis 35:14 And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he talked with him, [even] a pillar of stone: and he poured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil thereon.
Joshua 4:9 And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are there unto this day.
Joshua 4:20-24 And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal. ... That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD, that it [is] mighty: that ye might fear the LORD your God for ever.
Joshua 24:26-27 And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, and took a great stone, and set it up there under an oak, that [was] by the sanctuary of the LORD. ... And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God.
Isaiah 19:19 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD.

Ebenezer:
that is, The stone of help,
1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek.
1 Samuel 5:1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod.
Genesis 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said [to] this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
Exodus 17:15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:

Hitherto:

Psalms 71:6 By thee have I been holden up from the womb: thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels: my praise [shall be] continually of thee.
Psalms 71:17 O God, thou hast taught me from my youth: and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works.
Isaiah 46:3-4 Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne [by me] from the belly, which are carried from the womb: ... And [even] to [your] old age I [am] he; and [even] to hoar hairs will I carry [you]: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry, and will deliver [you].
Acts 26:22 Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come:
2 Corinthians 1:10 Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver [us];
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:14; 28:18; 31:45; 35:14. Ex 17:15. Jsh 4:9, 20; 24:26. 1S 4:1; 5:1. Ps 71:6, 17. Is 19:19; 46:3. Ac 26:22. 2Co 1:10.

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Samuel placed a Tav (Cross) - representing Jesus Christ of the New Covenant.That is, the Lord my shield Jeshua deliverer and Banner. Jesus was at the then time preincarnate. The Thora of Hebrew became The Thura ie the door of the sheep.
- Christooher Bowen (11/27/2016 12:25:16 PM)
What if you put emphasis on 'Hitherto the LORD hath helped us.' Because after this the people in chapter 8 call for a King, allthough they could see that the Lord gave the victory miraculously.
- Peter Grim (10/26/2016 5:25:15 AM)
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