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1 Samuel 6:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages, even unto the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of Jehovah, [which stone remaineth] unto this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines [belonging] to the five lords, [both] of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great [stone of] Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: [which stone remaineth] unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and the golden mice, [according] to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages. The large stone on which they set the ark of the LORD [is a witness] to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines [belonging] to the five lords, [both] of fortified cities, and of country villages, even to the great [stone of] Abel, on which they set down the ark of the LORD: [which stone remaineth] to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and villages of the peasantry; [and they brought them] as far as the great [stone of] Abel, whereon they set down the ark of Jehovah, [which] is to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemeshite.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the golden mice, by the number of all the cities of the Philistines, pertaining to the five lords, both fortified cities, and country villages,—yea, even the great meadow whereon they rested the ark of Yahweh, until this day, is in the field-land of Joshua, the man of Beth-shemesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the golden mice—the number of all the cities of the Philistines—for the five princes, from the fenced city even unto the hamlet of the villages, even unto the great meadow on which they placed the ark of Jehovah—[are] unto this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-Shemeshite.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the golden mice, according to the number of the cities of the Philistines, of the five provinces, from the fenced city to the village that was without wall, and to the great Abel (the stone) whereon they set down the ark of the Lord, which was till that day in the field of Josue the Bethsamite.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the golden Mice [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines, [belonging] to the fiue lordes, both of fenced cities, and of countrey villages, euen vnto the great [stone] of Abel, whereon they set downe the Arke of the LORD; [which stone remaineth] vnto this day, in the field of Ioshua the Bethshemite.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the golden mice according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines, belonging to the five lords, from the fenced city to the village of the Perizzite{gr.Pherezite}, and to the great stone, on which they placed the ark of the covenant of the Lord, that was in the field of Hosea{gr.Osee} the Baethsamysite.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Pelishtim [belonging] to the five lords, [both] of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great [stone of] Havel, whereon they set down the ark of Yahweh: [which stone remaineth] unto this day in the field of Yehoshua, the Beth Shimshi.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the golden 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
mice, 5909
{5909} Prime
עַכְבָּר
`akbar
{ak-bawr'}
Probably from the same as H5908 in the secondary sense of attacking; a mouse (as nibbling).
[according to] the number 4557
{4557} Prime
מִסְפָּר
micpar
{mis-pawr'}
From H5608; a number, definitely (arithmetical) or indefinitely (large, innumerable; small, a few); also (abstractly) narration.
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
[belonging] to the five 2568
{2568} Prime
חָמֵשׁ
chamesh
{khaw-maysh'}
A primitive numeral; five.
lords, 5633
{5633} Prime
סֶרֶן
ceren
{seh'-ren}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; an axle; figuratively a peer.
[both] of fenced y4013
[4013] Standard
מִבְצָר
mibtsar
{mib-tsawr'}
From H1219; a fortification, castle, or fortified city; figuratively a defender.
cities, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x4013
(4013) Complement
מִבְצָר
mibtsar
{mib-tsawr'}
From H1219; a fortification, castle, or fortified city; figuratively a defender.
and of x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
country 6521
{6521} Prime
פְּרָזִי
p@raziy
{per-aw-zee'}
From H6519; a rustic.
villages, 3724
{3724} Prime
כֹּפֶר
kopher
{ko'-fer}
From H3722; properly a cover, that is, (literally) a village (as covered in); (specifically) bitumen (as used for coating), and the henna plant (as used for dyeing); figuratively a redemption price.
even unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
[stone of] Hvel הָבֶל, 59
{0059} Prime
אָבֵל
'Abel
{aw-bale'}
From H0058; a meadow; Abel, the name of two places in Palestine.
whereon x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
they set down y3240
[3240] Standard
יָנַח
yanach
{yaw-nakh'}
A primitive root; to deposit; by implication to allow to stay. (The Hiphil forms with the dagesh are here referred to, in accordance with the older grammarians; but if any distinction of the kind is to be made, these should rather be referred to H5117, and the others here).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x5117
(5117) Complement
נוּחַ
nuwach
{noo'-akh}
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the ark 727
{0727} Prime
אֲרוֹן
'arown
{aw-rone'}
From H0717 (in the sense of gathering); a box.
of Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[which stone remaineth] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
in the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
of Yhu` יְהוֹשֻׁעַ, 3091
{3091} Prime
יְהוֹשֻׁעַ
Y@howshuwa`
{yeh-ho-shoo'-ah}
From H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (that is, Joshua), the Jewish leader.
the B im בֵּית־שִׁמשִׁי. 1030
{1030} Prime
בֵּית־הַשִּׁמְשִׁי
Beyth hash-Shimshiy
{bayth hash-shim-shee'}
Patrial from H1053 with the article inserted; a Beth shimshite, or inhabitant of Bethshemesh.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 6:17-18.


1 Samuel 6:18

_ _ unto the great stone of AbelAbel, or Aben, means “stone,” so that without resorting to italics, the reading should be, “the great stone.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 6:10-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 6:18

Villages — This is added for explication of that foregoing phrase, all the cities; either to shew, that under the name of the five cities were comprehended all the villages and territories belonging to them, in whose name, and at whose charge these presents were made; or to express the difference between this and the former present, the emerods being only five, according to the five cities mentioned, 1 Samuel 6:17, because it may seem, the cities only, or principally, were pestered with that disease; and the mice being many more according to the number of all the cities, as is here expressed: the word city being taken generally so, as to include not only fenced cities, but also the country villages, and the fields belonging to them. Abel — This is mentioned as the utmost border of the Philistines territory, to which the plague of mice extended. And this place is here called Abel, by anticipation from the great mourning mentioned in the following verse. It is desirable, to see the ark in its habitation, in all the circumstances of solemnity. But it is better to have it on a great stone, and in the fields of the wood, than to be without it. The intrinsic grandeur of divine ordinances ought not to be diminished in our eyes, by the meanness and poverty of the place, where they are administered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the five lords:

1 Samuel 6:16 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen [it], they returned to Ekron the same day.
Joshua 13:3 From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:

great stone of:
or, great stone
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Jsh 13:3. 1S 6:16.

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