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1 Samuel 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the kine took the straight way by the way to Beth-shemesh; they went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Beth-shemesh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, [and] went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside [to] the right hand or [to] the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Bethshemesh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the cows took the straight way in the direction of Beth-shemesh; they went along the highway, lowing as they went, and did not turn aside to the right or to the left. And the lords of the Philistines followed them to the border of Beth-shemesh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the cows took the straight way to the way of Beth-shemesh, [and] went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside [to] the right hand or [to] the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them to the border of Beth-shemesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the kine went straight forward on the way to Beth-shemesh; they went by the one high way, lowing as they went; and they turned not aside to the right hand or to the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after them as far as the border of Beth-shemesh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the kine went straight along the road, on the way to Beth-shemesh, yea, along the main highway, they went, lowing as they went, turning not aside, to the right hand or to the left. And, the lords of the Philistines, went along after them, as far as the bounds of Beth-shemesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the kine go straight in the way, on the way to Beth-Shemesh, in one highway they have gone, going and lowing, and have not turned aside right or left; and the princes of the Philistines are going after them unto the border of Beth-Shemesh.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the kine took the straight way, that leadeth to Bethsames, and they went along the way, lowing as they went: and turned not aside neither to the right hand nor to the left: and the lords of the Philistines followed them as far as the borders of Bethsames.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the kine tooke the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, and went along the high way, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand, or to the left: and the lords of the Philistines went after them, vnto the border of Bethshemesh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the cows went straight on the way to the way of Bethshemesh{gr.Baethsamys}, they went along one track; and laboured, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left, and the lords of the Philistines went after it as far as the coasts of Bethshemesh{gr.Baethsamys}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the kine took the straight way to the way of Beth Shemesh, [and] went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside [to] the right hand or [to] the left; and the lords of the Pelishtim went after them unto the border of Beth Shemesh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the kine 6510
{6510} Prime
פָּרָה
parah
{paw-raw'}
Feminine of H6499; a heifer.
took the straight 3474
{3474} Prime
יָשַׁר
yashar
{yaw-shar'}
A primitive root; to be straight or even; figuratively to be (causatively to make) right, pleasant, prosperous.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
to x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the way 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
of B eme בֵּית־שֶׁמֶשׁ, 1053
{1053} Prime
בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ
Beyth Shemesh
{bayth sheh'-mesh}
From H1004 and H8121; house of (the) sun; Beth-Shemesh, a place in Palestine.
[and] went along 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the x259
(0259) Complement
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
highway, 4546
{4546} Prime
מְסִלָּה
m@cillah
{mes-il-law'}
From H5549; a thoroughfare (as turnpiked), literally or figuratively; specifically a viaduct, a staircase.
y259
[0259] Standard
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
lowing 1600
{1600} Prime
גָּעַה
ga`ah
{gaw-aw'}
A primitive root; to bellow (as cattle).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
as they went, 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and turned not aside 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
[to] the right hand 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
or [to] the left; 8040
{8040} Prime
שְׂמוֹאל
s@mo'wl
{sem-ole'}
A primitive word (rather perhaps from the same as H8071 (by insertion of א) through the idea of wrapping up); properly dark (as enveloped), that is, the north; hence (by orientation) the left hand.
and the lords 5633
{5633} Prime
סֶרֶן
ceren
{seh'-ren}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; an axle; figuratively a peer.
of the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
went 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
them unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the border 1366
{1366} Prime
גְּבוּל
g@buwl
{gheb-ool'}
From H1379; properly a cord (as twisted), that is, (by implication) a boundary; by extension the territory inclosed.
of B eme בֵּית־שֶׁמֶשׁ. 1053
{1053} Prime
בֵּית שֶׁמֶשׁ
Beyth Shemesh
{bayth sheh'-mesh}
From H1004 and H8121; house of (the) sun; Beth-Shemesh, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 6:9-12.


1 Samuel 6:12

_ _ the lords of the Philistines went after them — to give their tribute of homage, to prevent imposture, and to obtain the most reliable evidence of the truth. The result of this journey tended to their own deeper humiliation, and the greater illustration of God’s glory.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 6:10-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 6:12

Beth — shemesh — A city of the priests, who were by office to take care of it. Loving — Testifying at once both their natural and vehement inclination to their calves, and the supernatural power which over — ruled them to a contrary course. The lords went — To prevent all imposture, and to get assurance of the truth of the event. All which circumstances tended to the greater illustration of God's glory.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 6:12

And the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, [and] went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside [to] the right hand or [to] the left; and the lords of the Philistines went after (g) them unto the border of Bethshemesh.

(g) For the trial of the matter.

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St.Nielos says when the cows pulled the ark alone with nobody driving them; they neither turned to the right or the left but abandoned their earthly nature and reached their destination. And so must it be with all those who seek to carry the Spiritual Ark: they must abandon and renounce the flesh and vain distracting pleasures.
- Andy (5/9/2014 10:17:41 AM)
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