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1 Samuel 31:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the battle was severe against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was severely wounded by the archers.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers came up with him; and he was much terrified by the archers.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers discovered him,—and he was terrified at the archers.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the battle is hard against Saul, and the archers find him—men with bow—and he is pained greatly by the archers;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the whole weight of the battle was turned upon Saul: and the archers overtook him, and he was grievously wounded by the archers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the battell went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was sore wounded of the archers.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the battle prevails against Saul, and the shooters with arrows, even the archers find him, and he was wounded under the ribs.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the battle went sore against Shaul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the battle 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
went sore 3513
{3513} Prime
כָּבַד
kabad
{kaw-bad'}
A primitive root; to be heavy, that is, in a bad sense (burdensome, severe, dull) or in a good sense (numerous, rich, honorable); causatively to make weighty (in the same two senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
l שָׁאוּל, 7586
{7586} Prime
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
and the archers 3384
{3384} Prime
יָרָה
yarah
{yaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to flow as water (that is, to rain); transitively to lay or throw (especially an arrow, that is, to shoot); figuratively to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
y7198
[7198] Standard
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
hit 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him; and he was sore 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
wounded 2342
{2342} Prime
חוּל
chuwl
{khool}
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of the archers. 3384
{3384} Prime
יָרָה
yarah
{yaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to flow as water (that is, to rain); transitively to lay or throw (especially an arrow, that is, to shoot); figuratively to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
y7198
[7198] Standard
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 31:3-5

_ _ the battle went sore against Saul, etc. — He seems to have bravely maintained his ground for some time longer; but exhausted with fatigue and loss of blood, and dreading that if he fell alive into the enemy’s hands, they would insolently maltreat him (Joshua 8:29; Joshua 10:24; Judges 8:21), he requested his armor bearer to dispatch him. However, that officer refused to do so. Saul then falling on the point of his sword killed himself; and the armor bearer, who, according to Jewish writers, was Doeg, following the example of his master, put an end to his life also. They died by one and the same sword — the very weapon with which they had massacred the Lord’s servants at Nob.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 31:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
went sore:

2 Samuel 1:4 And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.
Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not strengthen his force, neither shall the mighty deliver himself:

archers hit him:
Heb. shooters, men with bows, found him,
Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him:
1 Kings 22:34 And a [certain] man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.
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Gn 49:23. 2S 1:4. 1K 22:34. Am 2:14.

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