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1 Samuel 30:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and had taken captive the women [and all] that were therein, both small and great: they slew not any, but carried them off, and went their way.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and they took captive the women [and all] who were in it, both small and great, without killing anyone, and carried [them] off and went their way.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And had taken the women captives that [were] in it, they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and had taken the women captives that were in it; both great and small: they had put none to death, but had carried them off, and went on their way.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and had taken captive the women and all who were therein, from small even unto great, they had not put one to death,—but had driven them forth, and gone their way.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they take captive the women who [are] in it; from small unto great they have not put any one to death, and they lead away, and go on their way.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And had taken the women captives that were in it, both little and great: and they had not killed any person, but had carried them with them, and went on their way.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And had taken the women captiues, that [were] therein; they slewe not any either great or smal, but caried [them] away, and went on their way.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And as to the women and all things that were in it, great and small, they slew neither man nor woman, but carried them captives, and went on their way.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And had taken the women y802
[0802] Standard
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
captives, 7617
{7617} Prime
שָׁבָה
shabah
{shaw-baw'}
A primitive root; to transport into captivity.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
x802
(0802) Complement
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] therein: they slew 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
any, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
either x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
or small, 6996
{6996} Prime
קָטָן
qatan
{kaw-tawn'}
From H6962; abbreviated, that is, diminutive, literally (in quantity, size or number) or figuratively (in age or importance).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
but carried [them] away, 5090
{5090} Prime
נָהַג
nahag
{naw-hag'}
A primitive root; to drive forth (a person, an animal or chariot), that is, lead, carry away; reflexively to proceed (that is, impel or guide oneself); also (from the panting induced by effort), to sigh.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and went y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
on their way. 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 30:2

_ _ they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away — Their conduct seems to stand in favorable contrast to that of David (1 Samuel 27:11). But their apparent clemency did not arise from humane considerations. It is traceable to the ancient war usages of the East, where the men of war, on the capture of a city, were unsparingly put to death, but there were no warriors in Ziklag at the time. The women and boys were reserved for slaves, and the old people were spared out of respect to age.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 30:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
slew not:

1 Samuel 30:19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any [thing] that they had taken to them: David recovered all.
1 Samuel 27:11 And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring [tidings] to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so [will be] his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines.
Job 38:11 And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
Psalms 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
Isaiah 27:8-9 In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind. ... By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this [is] all the fruit to take away his sin; when he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 27:11; 30:19. Jb 38:11. Ps 76:10. Is 27:8.

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