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1 Samuel 29:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the lords of the Philistines were proceeding on by hundreds and by thousands, and David and his men were proceeding on in the rear with Achish.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the lords of the Philistines, were passing on by hundreds, and by thousands,—but, David and his men, were passing on in the rear, with Achish.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the princes of the Philistines are passing on by hundreds, and by thousands, and David and his men are passing on in the rear with Achish.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the lords of the Philistines marched with their hundreds and their thousands: but David and his men were in the rear with Achis.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but Dauid and his men passed on in the rere-ward with Achish.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the lords of the Philistines went on by hundreds and thousands, and David and his men went on in the rear with Achish{gr.Anchus}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the lords of the Pelishtim passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but Dawid and his men passed on in the rereward with Akhish.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the lords 5633
{5633} Prime
סֶרֶן
ceren
{seh'-ren}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; an axle; figuratively a peer.
of the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
passed on 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
by hundreds, 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
and by thousands: 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
but Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
and his men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
passed on 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in the rereward 314
{0314} Prime
אַחֲרוֹן
'acharown
{akh-ar-one'}
From H0309; hinder; generally late or last; specifically (as facing the east) western.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Ģ אָכִישׁ. 397
{0397} Prime
אָכִישׁ
'Akiysh
{aw-keesh'}
Of uncertain derivation; Akish, a Philistine king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 29:2

_ _ David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish — as the commander of the lifeguards of Achish, who was general of this invading army of the Philistines.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 29:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 29:2

With Achish — As the life — guard of Achish. Achish being, as it seems, the general of the army.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 29:2

And the lords of the Philistines passed on by (a) hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.

(a) According to their bands, or ensigns.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the lords:

1 Samuel 29:6-7 Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, [as] the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host [is] good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the lords favour thee not. ... Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou displease not the lords of the Philistines.
1 Samuel 5:8-11 They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about [thither]. ... So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people: for there was a deadly destruction throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy there.
1 Samuel 6:4 Then said they, What [shall be] the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, [according to] the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague [was] on you all, and on your lords.
Joshua 13:3 From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:

but David:

1 Samuel 28:1-2 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men. ... And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.
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Jsh 13:3. 1S 5:8; 6:4; 28:1; 29:6.

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