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1 Samuel 27:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, [even] David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And David lived with Achish at Gath, he and his men, each with his household, [even] David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal’s widow.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, [even] David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess Nabal's wife.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David abode with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household; David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jizreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And David abode with Achish in Gath, he and his men, each man with his household,—David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail wife of Nabal, the Carmelite.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and David dwelleth with Achish in Gath, he and his men, each one with his household, [even] David and his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail wife of Nabal the Carmelitess.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David dwelt with Achis at Geth, he and his men; every man with his household, and David with his two wives, Achinoam, the Jezrahelitess, and Abigail, the wife of Nabal of Carmel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid dwelt with Achish at Gath, he, and his men, euery man with his houshold, [euen] Dauid with his two wiues, Ahinoam the Iezreelitesse, and Abigail the Carmelitesse Nabals wife.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David dwelt with Achish{gr.Anchus}, he and his men, each with his family; and David and both his wives, Achinaam, the Jezreelitess{gr.Jezraelitess}, and Abigail{gr.Abigaia} the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid dwelt with Akhish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, [even] Dawid with his two wives, Achinoam the Yizreelith, and Avigayil the Karmelith, Naval's wife.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Ģ אָכִישׁ 397
{0397} Prime
אָכִישׁ
'Akiysh
{aw-keesh'}
Of uncertain derivation; Akish, a Philistine king.
at Ga גַּת, 1661
{1661} Prime
גַּת
Gath
{gath}
The same as H1660; Gath, a Philistine city.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
and his men, y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
with his household, 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
[even] Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
with his two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
wives, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
n`am אֲחִינֹעַם 293
{0293} Prime
אֲחִינֹעַם
'Achiyno`am
{akh-ee-no'-am}
From H0251 and H5278; brother of pleasantness; Achinoam, the name of two Israelitesses.
the Yizr`l יִזרְעֵאלִית, 3159
{3159} Prime
יִזְרְעֵאלִית
Yizr@`e'liyth
{yiz-reh-ay-leeth'}
Feminine of H3158; a Jezreelitess.
and viqyil אֲבִגָיִל 26
{0026} Prime
אֲבִיגַיִל
'Abiygayil
{ab-ee-gah'-yil}
From H0001 and H1524; father (that is source) of joy; Abigail or Abigal, the name of two Israelitesses.
the Carml כַּרמְלִית, y3762
[3762] Standard
כַּרְמְלִית
Karm@liyth
{kar-mel-eeth'}
Feminine of H3761; a Karmelitess or female inhabitant of Karmel.
x3761
(3761) Complement
כַּרְמְלִי
Karm@liy
{kar-mel-ee'}
Patronymic from H3760; a Karmelite or inhabitant of Karmel (the town).
Nvl's נָבָל 5037
{5037} Prime
נָבָל
Nabal
{naw-bawl'}
The same as H5036; dolt; Nabal, an Israelite.
wife. 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 27:2-3.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 27:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 27:3

And David (b) dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, [even] David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.

(b) Thus God by his providence changes the enemies hearts, and makes them favour his in their need.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
with his two:

1 Samuel 25:3 Now the name of the man [was] Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and [she was] a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man [was] churlish and evil in his doings; and he [was] of the house of Caleb.
1 Samuel 25:18-35 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched [corn], and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid [them] on asses. ... So David received of her hand [that] which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
1 Samuel 25:42-43 And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife. ... David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives.
1 Samuel 30:5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
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1S 25:3, 18, 42; 30:5.

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