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1 Samuel 27:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, unto Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that [were] with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So David arose and crossed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that [were] with him to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David arose and passed over, he and the six hundred men that were with him, to Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And David arose, and he and the six hundred men that were with him passed over, unto Achish son of Maoch, king of Gath.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David riseth, and passeth over, he and six hundred men who [are] with him, unto Achish son of Maoch king of Gath;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David arose, and went away, both he and the six hundred men that were with him, to Achis, the son of Maoch, king of Geth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid arose, and hee passed ouer with the sixe hundred men that [were] with him, vnto Achish the sonne of Maoch king of Gath.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— So David arose, and the six hundred men that were with him, and he went to Achish{gr.Anchus}, son Ammach, king of Gath{gr.Geth}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that [were] with him unto Akhish, the son of Maokh, king of Gath.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
arose, 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
passed over 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with the six 8337
{8337} Prime
שֵׁשׁ
shesh
{shaysh}
(The second form is masculine); a primitive number; six (as an overplus (see H7797) beyond five or the fingers of the hand); as ordinal sixth.
hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
men 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
him unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Ģ אָכִישׁ, 397
{0397} Prime
אָכִישׁ
'Akiysh
{aw-keesh'}
Of uncertain derivation; Akish, a Philistine king.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of M` מָעוֹך, 4582
{4582} Prime
מָעוֹךְ
Ma`owk
{maw-oke'}
From H4600; oppressed; Maok, a Philistine.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Ga גַּת. 1661
{1661} Prime
גַּת
Gath
{gath}
The same as H1660; Gath, a Philistine city.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 27:2-3

_ _ Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath — The popular description of this king’s family creates a presumption that he was a different king from the reigning sovereign on David’s first visit to Gath. Whether David had received a special invitation from him or a mere permission to enter his territories, cannot be determined. It is probable that the former was the case. From the universal notoriety given to the feud between Saul and David, which had now become irreconcilable, it might appear to Achish good policy to harbor him as a guest, and so the better pave the way for the hostile measures against Israel which the Philistines were at this time meditating.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 27:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
David:
This measure of David's, in uniting himself to the enemies of his God and people, was highly blameable; was calculated to alienate the affections of the Israelites; and led to equivocation, if not downright falsehood.

the six:

1 Samuel 25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.
1 Samuel 30:8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake [them], and without fail recover [all].

Achish:

1 Samuel 21:10 And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
1 Kings 2:40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.
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1S 21:10; 25:13; 30:8. 1K 2:40.

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