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1 Samuel 27:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Achish said, Against whom have ye made a raid to-day? And David said, Against the South of Judah, and against the South of the Jerahmeelites, and against the South of the Kenites.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Achish said, “Where have you made a raid today?” And David said, “Against the Negev of Judah and against the Negev of the Jerahmeelites and against the Negev of the Kenites.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to-day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So Achish said, Have ye not made a raid to-day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said Achish, Whither have ye made a raid, today? And David said—Against the South of Judah, or against the South of the Jerahmeelites, or as far as the South of the Kenites.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Achish saith, 'Whither have ye pushed to-day?' and David saith, 'Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelite, and unto the south of the Kenite.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Achis said to him: Whom hast thou gone against to day? David answered: Against the south of Juda, and against the south of Jerameel, and against the south of Ceni.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Achish said, Whither haue ye made a rode to day? And Dauid said, Against the South of Iudah, and against the South of the Ierahmeelites, and against the South of the Kenites.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Achish{gr.Anchus} said to David, On whom have ye made an attack to-day? And David said to Achish{gr.Anchus}, On the south of Judah{gr.Judea}, and on the south of Jesmega, and on the south of the Kenezite.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Akhish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And Dawid said, Against the south of Yehudah, and against the south of the Yerachmeelim, and against the south of the Qenim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ģ אָכִישׁ 397
{0397} Prime
אָכִישׁ
'Akiysh
{aw-keesh'}
Of uncertain derivation; Akish, a Philistine king.
said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Whither 408
{0408} Prime
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
have ye made a road 6584
{6584} Prime
פָּשַׁט
pashat
{paw-shat'}
A primitive root; to spread out (that is, deploy in hostile array); by analogy to strip (that is, unclothe, plunder, flay, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to day? 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the south 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
of Yh יְהוּדָה, 3063
{3063} Prime
יְהוּדָה
Y@huwdah
{yeh-hoo-daw'}
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
and against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the south 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
of the Yramlm יְרַחמְאֵלִים, 3397
{3397} Prime
יְרַחְמְאֵלִי
Y@rachm@'eliy
{yer-akh-meh-ay-lee'}
Patronymic from H3396; a Jerachmeelite or descendant of Jerachmeel.
and against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the south 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
of the Knm קֵינִים. 7017
{7017} Prime
קֵינִי
Qeyniy
{kay-nee'}
Patronymic from H7014; a Kenite or member of the tribe of Kajin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 27:10

_ _ Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to-day? — that is, raid, a hostile excursion for seizing cattle and other booty.

_ _ David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites — Jerahmeel was the great-grandson of Judah, and his posterity occupied the southern portion of that tribal domain.

_ _ the south of the Kenites — the posterity of Jethro, who occupied the south of Judah (Judges 1:16; Numbers 24:21). The deceit practiced upon his royal host and the indiscriminate slaughter committed, lest any one should escape to tell the tale, exhibit an unfavorable view of this part of David’s history.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 27:8-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 27:10

David — These and the following words are ambiguous, and contrary to that simplicity which became David, both as a prince, and as an eminent professor of the true religion. The fidelity of Achish to him, and the confidence he put in him, aggravates his sin in thus deceiving him, which David seems penitently to reflect on, when he prays, Remove from me the way of lying.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 27:10

And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the (e) Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.

(e) A family of the tribe of Judah, (1 Chronicles 2:9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Whither:
etc. or, Did you not make a road

And David:

1 Samuel 21:2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed [my] servants to such and such a place.
Genesis 27:19-20 And Jacob said unto his father, I [am] Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. ... And Isaac said unto his son, How [is it] that thou hast found [it] so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD thy God brought [it] to me.
Genesis 27:24 And he said, [Art] thou my very son Esau? And he said, I [am].
Joshua 2:4-6 And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they [were]: ... But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof.
2 Samuel 17:20 And when Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where [is] Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find [them], they returned to Jerusalem.
Psalms 119:29 Remove from me the way of lying: and grant me thy law graciously.
Psalms 119:163 I hate and abhor lying: [but] thy law do I love.
Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe.
Galatians 2:11-13 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. ... And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.
Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.

Against:
David here meant the Geshurites, and Gezrites, and Amalekites, which people occupied that part of the country which lies to the south of Judah. But Achish, as was intended, understood him in a different sense, and believed that he had attacked his own countrymen. David's answer, therefore, though not an absolute falsehood, was certainly an equivocation intended to deceive, and therefore incompatible with that sense of truth and honour which became him as a prince, and a professor of true religion. From these, and similar passages, we may observe the strict impartiality of the Sacred Scriptures. They present us with the most faithful delineation of human nature; they exhibit the frailties of kings, priests, and prophets, with equal truth; and examples of vice and frailty, as well as of piety and virtue, are held up, that we may guard against the errors to which the best men are exposed.

the Jerahmeelites:

1 Chronicles 2:9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.
1 Chronicles 2:25 And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, [and] Ahijah.

Kenites:

1 Samuel 15:6 And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
Numbers 24:21 And he looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, Strong is thy dwellingplace, and thou puttest thy nest in a rock.
Judges 1:16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which [lieth] in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.
Judges 4:11 Now Heber the Kenite, [which was] of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which [is] by Kedesh.
Judges 5:24 Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be, blessed shall she be above women in the tent.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:19, 24. Nu 24:21. Jsh 2:4. Jg 1:16; 4:11; 5:24. 1S 15:6; 21:2. 2S 17:20. 1Ch 2:9, 25. Ps 119:29, 163. Pv 29:25. Ga 2:11. Ep 4:25.

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