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1 Samuel 24:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Swear now therefore unto me by Jehovah, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So now swear to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my descendants after me and that you will not destroy my name from my father’s household.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Swear now therefore to me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Swear now therefore to me by Jehovah, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, therefore, swear unto me by Yahweh, that thou wilt not eat off my seed, after me,—and wilt not destroy my name out of the house my father.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and, now, swear to me by Jehovah—thou dost not cut off my seed after me, nor dost thou destroy my name from the house of my father.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Swear to me by the Lord, that thou wilt not destroy my seed after me, nor take away my name from the house of my father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Sweare now therefore vnto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seede after mee, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my fathers house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Now then swear to me by the Lord, that thou wilt not destroy my seed after me, that thou wilt not blot out my name from the house of my father.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Swear now therefore unto me by Yahweh, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Swear 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
now x6258
(6258) Complement
אַתָּה
`attah
{at-taw'}
From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive.
therefore unto me by Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
that x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou wilt not y518
[0518] Standard
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
cut off 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my seed 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
me, and that x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou wilt not destroy 8045
{8045} Prime
שָׁמַד
shamad
{shaw-mad'}
A primitive root; to desolate.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
out of my father's y1
[0001] Standard
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x1
(0001) Complement
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 24:16-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Swear:

1 Samuel 20:14-17 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not: ... And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
Genesis 21:23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: [but] according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned.
Genesis 31:48 And Laban said, This heap [is] a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;
Genesis 31:53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac.
Hebrews 6:16 For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation [is] to them an end of all strife.

that thou:

2 Samuel 21:6-8 Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, [whom] the LORD did choose. And the king said, I will give [them]. ... But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:
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Gn 21:23; 31:48, 53. 1S 20:14. 2S 21:6. He 6:16.

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