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1 Samuel 23:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now it came about, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, he came down with an ephod in his hand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now it came to pass, when Abiathar, son of Ahimelech, fled unto David to Keilah, that he came down with, an ephod, in his hand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it cometh to pass, in the fleeing of Abiathar son of Ahimelech unto David, to Keilah, an ephod came down in his hand.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now at that time, when Abiathar, the son of Achimelech, fled to David, to Ceila, he came down, having an ephod with him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it came to passe when Abiathar the sonne of Ahimelech fled to Dauid to Keilah, [that] hee came downe [with] an Ephod in his hand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it came to pass when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech{gr.Achimelech} fled to David, that he went down with David to Keilah{gr.Keila}, having and ephod in his hand.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it came to pass, when Evyathar the son of Achimelekh fled to Dawid to Qeilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it came to pass, x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
when Evyr אֶביָתָר 54
{0054} Prime
אֶבְיָתָר
'Ebyathar
{ab-yaw-thawr'}
Contracted from H0001 and H3498; father of abundance (that is, liberal); Ebjathar, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of mele אֲחִימֶלֶך 288
{0288} Prime
אֲחִימֶלֶךְ
'Achiymelek
{akh-ee-meh'-lek}
From H0251 and H4428; brother of (the) king; Achimelek, the name of an Israelite and of a Hittite.
fled 1272
{1272} Prime
בָּרַח
barach
{baw-rakh'}
A primitive root; to bolt, that is, figuratively to flee suddenly.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
to K`l קְעִילָה, 7084
{7084} Prime
קְעִילָה
Q@`iylah
{keh-ee-law'}
Perhaps from H7049 in the sense of inclosing; citadel; Keilah, a place in Palestine.
[that] he came down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[with] an ephod 646
{0646} Prime
אֵפוֹד
'ephowd
{ay-fode'}
Second form is a rare form; probably of foreign derivation; a girdle; specifically the ephod or high priest's shoulder piece; also generally an image.
in his hand. 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 23:6

_ _ an ephod — in which was the Urim and Thummim (Exodus 28:30). It had, probably, been committed to his care, while Ahimelech and the other priests repaired to Gibeah, in obedience to the summons of Saul.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 23:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 23:6

Ephod — With the Ephod, the high — priest's Ephod, wherein were the Urim and the Thummim, which when Ahimelech and the rest of the priests went to Saul, were probably left in his hand. This gave him the opportunity both of escaping, whilst Doeg the butcher was killing his brethren, and of bringing away the Ephod, which Saul now was justly deprived of.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 23:6

And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an (c) ephod in his hand.

(c) By God's providence the ephod was preserved and kept with David the true king.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when Abiathar:

1 Samuel 22:20 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

an ephod:

1 Samuel 14:3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
1 Samuel 14:18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
1 Samuel 14:36-37 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God. ... And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.
Exodus 28:30-31 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually. ... And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all [of] blue.
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Ex 28:30. 1S 14:3, 18, 36; 22:20.

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