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1 Samuel 23:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David went up from thence, and dwelt in the strongholds of En-gedi.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— David went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of Engedi.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at En-gedi.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David went up from thence, and abode in the strongholds of Engedi.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And David went up from thence,—and abode in the strongholds of En-gedi.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David goeth up thence, and abideth in fortresses [at] En-gedi.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds of Engaddi.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid went vp from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at En-gedi.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David rose up from thence, and dwelt in the narrow passes of Engaddi.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at En Gedi.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
went up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from thence, x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
and dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in strong holds 4679
{4679} Prime
מְצַד
m@tsad
{mets-ad'}
From H6679; a fastness (as a covert of ambush).
at `n Ge עֵין־גֶּדִי. 5872
{5872} Prime
עִיר־גֶדִי
`Eyn Gediy
{ane geh'-dee}
From H5869 and H1423; fountain of a kid; En-Gedi, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 23:29

_ _ David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at En-gedi — that is, “the spring of the wild goats or gazelles” — a name given to it from the vast number of ibexes or Syrian chamois which inhabit these cliffs on the western shore of the Dead Sea (Joshua 15:62). It is now called Ain Jiddy. On all sides the country is full of caverns, which might then serve as lurking places for David and his men, as they do for outlaws at the present day [Robinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 23:19-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 23:29

And David went up from thence, and dwelt in (a) strong holds at Engedi.

(a) That is, in strong places, which were defended by nature.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The district around En-gedi, near the western coast of the Dead Sea, is reported by travellers to be a mountainous territory, filled with caverns; and consequently, proper for David in his present circumstances. Dr. Lightfoot thinks this was the wilderness of Judah, in which David was when he penned the
Psalms 63:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
, which breathes as much pious and devout affection as almost any of his Psalms; for in all places and in all conditions he still kept up his communion with God. - If Christians knew their privileges better, and acted up thereto, there would be less murmuring at the dark dispensations of Divine Providence.
1 Samuel 24:1 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David [is] in the wilderness of Engedi.
Genesis 14:7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which [is] Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.
Joshua 15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
2 Chronicles 20:2 Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they [be] in Hazazontamar, which [is] Engedi.
Song of Songs 1:14 My beloved [is] unto me [as] a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.
Ezekiel 47:10 And it shall come to pass, [that] the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto Eneglaim; they shall be a [place] to spread forth nets; their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 14:7. Jsh 15:62. 1S 24:1. 2Ch 20:2. Ps 63:1. So 1:14. Ezk 47:10.

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