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1 Samuel 22:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the stronghold.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then he left them with the king of Moab; and they stayed with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he brought them before the king of Moab; and they abode with him all the while that David was in the stronghold.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So he set them before the king of Moab,—and they dwelt with him, all the days that David was in the fortress.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he leadeth them before the king of Moab, and they dwell with him all the days of David's being in the fortress.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he left them under the eyes of the king of Moab, and they abode with him all the days that David was in the hold.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that Dauid was in the hold.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he persuaded the King of Moab, and they dwell with him continually, while David was in the hold.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he brought them before the king of Moav: and they dwelt with him all the while that Dawid was in the hold.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he brought 5148
{5148} Prime
נָחָה
nachah
{naw-khaw'}
A primitive root; to guide; by implication to transport (into exile, or as colonists).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
them x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Mv מוֹאָב: 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
and they dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
him all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the while 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the hold. 4686
{4686} Prime
מָצוּד
matsuwd
{maw-tsood'}
From H4685; a net, or (abstractly) capture; also a fastness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 22:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 22:4

Hold — In holds; the singular number being put for the plural; as is frequent; that is, as long as David was forced to go from place to place, and from hold to hold, to secure himself: for it concerned David to secure his father, and he did doubtless secure him for all that time; and not only while he was in the hold of Mizpeh, or of Adullam, which was but a little while.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 22:4

And he (c) brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in (d) the hold.

(c) For he feared the rage of Saul against his house.

(d) That is, in Mizpeh, which was a stronghold.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in the hold:

2 Samuel 23:13-14 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim. ... And David [was] then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines [was] then [in] Bethlehem.
1 Chronicles 12:16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David.
, Gad,
2 Samuel 24:11 For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying,
1 Chronicles 21:9 And the LORD spake unto Gad, David's seer, saying,
1 Chronicles 29:29 Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they [are] written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer,
2 Chronicles 29:25 And he set the Levites in the house of the LORD with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan the prophet: for [so was] the commandment of the LORD by his prophets.
, depart,
1 Samuel 23:1-6 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors. ... And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand.
Nehemiah 6:11 And I said, Should such a man as I flee? and who [is there], that, [being] as I [am], would go into the temple to save his life? I will not go in.
Psalms 11:1 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David.]] In the LORD put I my trust: how say ye to my soul, Flee [as] a bird to your mountain?
Isaiah 8:12-14 Say ye not, A confederacy, to all [them to] whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. ... And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
, David departed,
Matthew 10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 23:1. 2S 23:13; 24:11. 1Ch 12:16; 21:9; 29:29. 2Ch 29:25. Ne 6:11. Ps 11:1. Is 8:12. Mt 10:23.

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