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1 Samuel 22:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he inquired of Jehovah for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he inquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he inquired of Jehovah for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then enquired he for him of Yahweh, Provisions also, gave he unto him,—and, the sword of Goliath the Philistine, gave he unto him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he asketh for him at Jehovah, and provision hath given to him, and the sword of Goliath the Philistine hath given to him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he consulted the Lord for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath, the Philistine.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee enquired of the LORD for him, and gaue him victuals, and gaue him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And [the priest] enquired of God for him, and gave him provision, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he enquired of Yahweh for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Golyath the Pelishti.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he enquired 7592
{7592} Prime
שָׁאַל
sha'al
{shaw-al'}
A primitive root; to inquire; by implication to request; by extension to demand.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
for him, and gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him victuals, 6720
{6720} Prime
צֵידָה
tseydah
{tsay-daw'}
Feminine of H6718; food.
and gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him the sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
of Goly גָּליָת 1555
{1555} Prime
גָּלְיָת
Golyath
{gol-yath'}
Perhaps from H1540; exile; Goljath, a Philistine.
the Plit פְּלִשׁתִּי. 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 22:10

_ _ he inquired of the Lord for him — Some suppose that this was a malicious fiction of Doeg to curry favor with the king, but Ahimelech seems to acknowledge the fact. The poor simple-minded high priest knew nothing of the existing family feud between Saul and David. The informer, if he knew it, said nothing of the cunning artifice by which David obtained the aid of Ahimelech. The facts looked against him, and the whole priesthood along with him were declared abettors of conspiracy [1 Samuel 22:16, 1 Samuel 22:17].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 22:6-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 22:10

He enquired — David chargeth him with the sin of lying, Psalms 52:3, and it is not improbable, that he told many lies not here expressed; and withal, he was guilty of concealing part of the truth, which in this case he was obliged to declare for Ahimelech's just defence, namely, the artifice whereby David circumvented Ahimelech: making him believe, that he was then going upon the king's business, so that the service he did to David, was designed in honour to Saul.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he inquired:

1 Samuel 22:13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
1 Samuel 22:15 Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far from me: let not the king impute [any] thing unto his servant, [nor] to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more.
1 Samuel 23:2 Therefore David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.
1 Samuel 23:4 Then David enquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
1 Samuel 23:12 Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver [thee] up.
1 Samuel 30:8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake [them], and without fail recover [all].
Numbers 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask [counsel] for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, [both] he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

him victuals:

1 Samuel 21:6-9 So the priest gave him hallowed [bread]: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away. ... And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it [is here] wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take [it]: for [there is] no other save that here. And David said, [There is] none like that; give it me.
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Nu 27:21. 1S 21:6; 22:13, 15; 23:2, 4, 12; 30:8.

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