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1 Samuel 20:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Jonathan answered Saul his father and said to him, “Why should he be put to death? What has he done?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why shall he be slain? what hath he done?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why should he be put to death? what has he done?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Jonathan responded to Saul his father,—and said unto him—Wherefore must he be put to death, What hath he done?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jonathan answereth Saul his father, and saith unto him, 'Why is he put to death? what hath he done?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Jonathan answering Saul, his father, said: Why shall he die? What hath he done?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ionathan answered Saul his father, and said vnto him, Wherefore shall hee be slaine? what hath hee done?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Jonathan answered Saul, Why is he to die? What has he done?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yehonathan answered Shaul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן 3083
{3083} Prime
יְהוֹנָתָן
Y@hownathan
{yeh-ho-naw-thawn'}
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
answered 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
l שָׁאוּל 7586
{7586} Prime
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
his father, 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
and said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, Wherefore x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
shall he be slain? 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8714
<8714> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 178
what x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
hath he done? 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 20:24-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 20:32

And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be (p) slain? what hath he done?

(p) For it was too great tyranny to put one to death and not to give a reason why.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Wherefore:

1 Samuel 19:5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest [it], and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
Proverbs 24:11-12 If thou forbear to deliver [them that are] drawn unto death, and [those that are] ready to be slain; ... If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider [it]? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth [not] he know [it]? and shall [not] he render to [every] man according to his works?
Proverbs 31:8-9 Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. ... Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
John 7:51 Doth our law judge [any] man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth?

what hath:

Matthew 27:23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
Luke 23:22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let [him] go.
, cast,
1 Samuel 18:11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall [with it]. And David avoided out of his presence twice.
1 Samuel 19:10-11 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night. ... Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.
Proverbs 22:24 Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:
Ecclesiastes 9:3 This [is] an evil among all [things] that are done under the sun, that [there is] one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness [is] in their heart while they live, and after that [they go] to the dead.
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
, whereby,
1 Samuel 20:7 If he say thus, [It is] well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, [then] be sure that evil is determined by him.
Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 18:11; 19:5, 10; 20:7. Pv 22:24; 24:11; 31:8. Ec 7:9; 9:3. Jr 17:9. Mt 27:23. Lk 23:22. Jn 7:51.

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