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1 Samuel 20:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Nevertheless Saul spake not anything that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he [is] not clean; surely he [is] not clean.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nevertheless Saul did not speak anything that day, for he thought, “It is an accident, he is not clean, surely [he is] not clean.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Nevertheless Saul spoke not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he [is] not clean; surely he [is] not clean.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Saul said nothing that day; for he thought, Something has befallen [him], that he is not clean: surely he is not clean.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Saul, however, spake nothing that day,—for he said to himself—It is, an accident, he is, not clean, because he hath not been cleansed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Saul hath not spoken anything on that day, for he said, 'It [is] an accident; he is not clean—surely not clean.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Saul said nothing that day, for he thought it might have happened to him, that he was not clean, nor purified.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neuerthelesse, Saul spake not any thing that day: for hee thought, Some thing hath befallen him, hee is not cleane; surely he is not cleane.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Saul said nothing on that day, for he said, It seems to have fallen out that he is not clean, because he has not purified himself.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Nevertheless Shaul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he [is] not clean; surely he [is] not clean.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Nevertheless l שָׁאוּל 7586
{7586} Prime
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
spake 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
any thing 3972
{3972} Prime
מְאוּמָה
m@uwmah
{meh-oo'-maw}
Apparently a form of H3971; properly a speck or point, that is, (by implication) something; with negative nothing.
that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day: 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he thought, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Something hath befallen 4745
{4745} Prime
מִקְרֶה
miqreh
{mik-reh'}
From H7136; something met with, that is, an accident or fortune.
him, he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] not 1115
{1115} Prime
בִּלְתִּי
biltiy
{bil-tee'}
Constructive feminine of H1086 (equivalent to H1097); properly a failure of, that is, (used only as a negative particle, usually with prepositional prefix) not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until, etc.
clean; 2889
{2889} Prime
טָהוֹר
tahowr
{taw-hore'}
From H2891; pure (in a physical, chemical, ceremonial or moral sense).
surely x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he [is] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
clean. 2889
{2889} Prime
טָהוֹר
tahowr
{taw-hore'}
From H2891; pure (in a physical, chemical, ceremonial or moral sense).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 20:26

_ _ he is not clean — No notice was taken of David’s absence, as he might be laboring under some ceremonial defilement.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 20:24-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 20:26

Something — Some accident which has rendered him unclean, and so unfit to partake of this feast, which consisted in part of the remainders of the peace — offerings, according to the law, Leviticus 7:20. Unfit also to come into any company, much more, into the king's company, lest he should pollute them also.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 20:26

Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he [is] not (k) clean; surely he [is] not clean.

(k) Yet he might have some business to let him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he is not clean:

Leviticus 7:21 Moreover the soul that shall touch any unclean [thing, as] the uncleanness of man, or [any] unclean beast, or any abominable unclean [thing], and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which [pertain] unto the LORD, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.
Leviticus 11:24 And for these ye shall be unclean: whosoever toucheth the carcase of them shall be unclean until the even.
Leviticus 11:27 And whatsoever goeth upon his paws, among all manner of beasts that go on [all] four, those [are] unclean unto you: whoso toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until the even.
Leviticus 11:31 These [are] unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.
Leviticus 11:40 And he that eateth of the carcase of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: he also that beareth the carcase of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
Leviticus 15:5 And whosoever toucheth his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe [himself] in water, and be unclean until the even.
Leviticus 15:16-17 And if any man's seed of copulation go out from him, then he shall wash all his flesh in water, and be unclean until the even. ... And every garment, and every skin, whereon is the seed of copulation, shall be washed with water, and be unclean until the even.
Leviticus 15:19-21 And if a woman have an issue, [and] her issue in her flesh be blood, she shall be put apart seven days: and whosoever toucheth her shall be unclean until the even. ... And whosoever toucheth her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe [himself] in water, and be unclean until the even.
Numbers 19:16 And whosoever toucheth one that is slain with a sword in the open fields, or a dead body, or a bone of a man, or a grave, shall be unclean seven days.
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Lv 7:21; 11:24, 27, 31, 40; 15:5, 16, 19. Nu 19:16.

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