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1 Samuel 20:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when thou hast stayed three days, thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [when] thou hast stayed three days, [then] thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was [in hand], and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain by the stone Ezel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [when] thou hast stayed three days, [then] thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was [in hand], and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but on the third day thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself on the day of the business, and abide by the stone Ezel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, when thou hast tarried three days, thou shalt come down quickly and enter the place, where thou didst hide thyself on the day of the deed, and shall remain by the side of this mound.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and on the third day thou dost certainly come down, and hast come in unto the place where thou wast hidden in the day of the work, and hast remained near the stone Ezel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For thy seat will be empty till after to morrow. So thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou must he hid, on the day when it is lawful to work, and thou shalt remain beside the stone, which is called Ezel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when thou hast stayed three dayes, then thou shalt goe downe quickly, and come to the place where thou diddest hide thy selfe, when the businesse was [in hand], and shalt remaine by the stone Ezel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt stay three days, and watch an opportunity, and shalt come to thy place where thou mayest hide thyself in the day of thy business, and thou shalt wait by that ergab.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And [when] thou hast stayed three days, [then] thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was [in hand], and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And [when] thou hast stayed three days, 8027
{8027} Prime
שׁלשׁ
shalash
{shaw-lash'}
A primitive root perhaps originally to intensify, that is, treble; but apparently used only as denominative from H7969, to be (causatively make) triplicate (by restoration, in portions, strands, days or years).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
[then] thou shalt go down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
quickly, 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
and come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
where x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
thou didst hide y5641
[5641] Standard
סָתַר
cathar
{saw-thar'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
thyself x5641
(5641) Complement
סָתַר
cathar
{saw-thar'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
when 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
the business 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
was [in hand], and shalt remain 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
by 681
{0681} Prime
אֵצֶל
'etsel
{ay'-tsel}
From H0680 (in the sense of joining); a side; (as a preposition) near.
the stone 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
ŽEzel אֶזֶל. 237
{0237} Prime
אֶזֶל
'ezel
{eh'-zel}
From H0235; departure; ezel, a memorial stone in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 20:19

_ _ when thou hast stayed three days — either with your family at Beth-lehem, or wherever you find it convenient.

_ _ come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in handHebrew, “in the day,” or “time of the business,” when the same matter was under inquiry formerly (1 Samuel 19:22).

_ _ remain by the stone EzelHebrew, “the stone of the way”; a sort of milestone which directed travelers. He was to conceal himself in some cave or hiding-place near that spot.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 20:9-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 20:19

Was in hand — When this same business which now they were treating about, was in agitation formerly; namely, to discover Saul's mind and purpose towards him, 1 Samuel 19:2-3. Ezel — By that stone which directs travellers in the way; namely, in some cave, or convenient place, which was near it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
quickly:
or, diligently, Heb. greatly

hide thyself:

1 Samuel 20:5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow [is] the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third [day] at even.
1 Samuel 19:2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret [place], and hide thyself:

when the business:
Heb. in the day of the business

Ezel:
or, that sheweth the way.
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1S 19:2; 20:5.

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