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1 Samuel 20:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, [saying], And Jehovah will require it at the hand of David's enemies.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— So Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying], Let the LORD even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Jonathan made a [covenant] with the house of David, [saying], “May the LORD require [it] at the hands of David’s enemies.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— So Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying], Let the LORD even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying,] Let Jehovah even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus Jonathan solemnised a covenant with the house of David [saying],—So let Yahweh require it, at the hand of the enemies of David.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jonathan covenanteth with the house of David, and Jehovah hath sought [it] from the hand of the enemies of David;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Jonathan therefore made a covenant with the house of David: and the Lord required it at the hands of David's enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— So Ionathan made [a couenant] with the house of Dauid, [saying], Let the LORD euen require [it] at the hande of Dauids enemies.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [should it happen] that the name of Jonathan be discovered by the house of David, then let the Lord seek out the enemies of David.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— So Yehonathan made [a covenant] with the house of Dawid, [saying], Let Yahweh even require [it] at the hand of Dawid's enemies.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
So Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן 3083
{3083} Prime
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
made 3772
{3772} Prime
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[a covenant] with x5973
(5973) Complement
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the house 1004
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
[saying], Let Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
even require 1245
{1245} Prime
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
[it] at the hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Dwi's דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
enemies. 341
{0341} Prime
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 20:9-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 20:16

A covenant — The covenant which before was personal, he now extends to the whole house of David, expecting a reciprocal enlargement of it on David's side, which doubtless he obtained. Enemies — If either I or any of my house shall break this covenant, and shall prove enemies to David or to his house, let the Lord, the witness of this covenant, severely punish the violators of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Heb. cut,
1 Samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Let the LORD[YHWH]:

1 Samuel 25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that [pertain] to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
1 Samuel 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons.
2 Samuel 4:7-8 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night. ... And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul thine enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.
2 Samuel 21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:
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Gn 15:18. 1S 18:3; 25:22; 31:2. 2S 4:7; 21:8.

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