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1 Samuel 20:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me if perchance thy father answer thee roughly?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what [if] thy father answer thee roughly?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what [if] thy father shall answer thee roughly?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said David unto Jonathan, Who shall tell me,—if thy father answer thee aught that is, harsh?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David saith unto Jonathan, 'Who doth declare to me? or what [if] thy father doth answer thee sharply?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David answered Jonathan: Who shall bring me word, if thy father should answer thee harshly concerning me?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then said Dauid to Ionathan, Who shall tell me? or what [if] thy father answere thee roughly?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David said to Jonathan, Who can tell me if thy father should answer roughly?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then said Dawid to Yehonathan, Who shall tell me? or what [if] thy father answer thee roughly?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then said 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
to x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן, 3083
{3083} Prime
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
Who x4310
(4310) Complement
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
shall tell 5046
{5046} Prime
A primitive root; properly to front, that is, stand boldly out opposite; by implication (causatively), to manifest; figuratively to announce (always by word of mouth to one present); specifically to expose, predict, explain, praise.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
me? or x176
(0176) Complement
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
what x4100
(4100) Complement
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
[if] thy father 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
answer 6030
{6030} Prime
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thee roughly? 7186
{7186} Prime
From H7185; severe (in various applications).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 20:9-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 20:10

Then said David to Jonathan, Who (f) shall tell me? or what [if] thy father answer thee roughly?

(f) If your father favours me.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
answer thee:

1 Samuel 20:30-34 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious [woman], do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness? ... So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
1 Samuel 25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who [is] David? and who [is] the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.
1 Samuel 25:14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them.
1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he [is such] a son of Belial, that [a man] cannot speak to him.
Genesis 42:7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
Genesis 42:30 The man, [who is] the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
1 Kings 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him;
Proverbs 18:23 The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.
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Gn 42:7, 30. 1S 20:30; 25:10, 14, 17. 1K 12:13. Pv 18:23.

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