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1 Samuel 2:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; And they that were hungry have ceased [to hunger]: Yea, the barren hath borne seven; And she that hath many children languisheth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [They that were] full have hired out themselves for bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Those who were full hire themselves out for bread, But those who were hungry cease [to hunger]. Even the barren gives birth to seven, But she who has many children languishes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [They that were] full have hired out themselves for bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath borne seven; and she that hath many children is become feeble.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They that were full have hired themselves out for bread; and the hungry are [so] no more: Even the barren beareth seven, and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sated, have, for bread, taken hire, But, the famished, have left off their toil,—So that, the barren, hath given birth unto seven, While, she that hath many sons, languisheth:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The satiated for bread hired themselves, And the hungry have ceased. While the barren hath borne seven, And she abounding with sons hath languished.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They that were full before, have hired out themselves for bread: and the hungry are filled, so that the barren hath borne many: and she that had many children is weakened.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They that [were] full, haue hired out themselues for bread: and they that [were] hungry, ceased: so that the barren hath borne seuen, and she that hath many children, is waxed feeble.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They that were full of bread are brought low; and the hungry have forsaken the land; for the barren has born seven, and she that abounded in children has waxed feeble.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [They that were] full have hired out themselves for bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[They that were] full 7649
{7649} Prime
שָׂבֵעַ
sabea`
{saw-bay'-ah}
From H7646; satiated (in a pleasant or disagreeable sense).
have hired out y7936
[7936] Standard
שָׂכַר
sakar
{saw-kar'}
The second form by permutation and used in Ezra 4:5; a primitive root (apparently akin (by prosthesis) to H3739 through the idea of temporary purchase; compare H7937); to hire.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
themselves x7936
(7936) Complement
שָׂכַר
sakar
{saw-kar'}
The second form by permutation and used in Ezra 4:5; a primitive root (apparently akin (by prosthesis) to H3739 through the idea of temporary purchase; compare H7937); to hire.
for bread; 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
and [they that were] hungry 7457
{7457} Prime
רָעֵב
ra`eb
{raw-abe'}
From H7456; hungry (more or less intensely).
ceased: 2308
{2308} Prime
חָדַל
chadal
{khaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to be flabby, that is, (by implication) desist; (figuratively) be lacking or idle.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
so that x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the barren 6135
{6135} Prime
עָקָר
`aqar
{aw-kawr'}
From H6131; sterile (as if extirpated in the generative organs).
hath born 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
seven; 7651
{7651} Prime
שֶׁבַע
sheba`
{sheh'-bah}
From H7650; a primitive cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adverbially) seven times; by implication a week; by extension an indefinite number.
and she that hath many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
is waxed feeble. 535
{0535} Prime
אמל
'amal
{aw-mal'}
A primitive root; to droop; by implication to be sick, to mourn.
z8797
<8797> Grammar
Stem - Pulal (See H8850)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 21
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 2:5

_ _ they that were hungry ceased — that is, to hunger.

_ _ the barren hath born seven — that is, many children.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 2:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 2:5

Hired themselves out for bread — It is the same thing which is expressed both in divers metaphors in the foregoing, and following verses. Ceased — That is, ceased to be hungry. Seven — That is, many, as seven is often used. She speaks in the prophetick style, the past time, for the future; for though she had actually born but one, yet she had a confident persuasion that she should have more, which was grounded either upon some particular assurance from God; or rather upon the prayer or prediction of Eli. She — That is, Peninnah. Feeble — Either because she was now past child — bearing: or, because divers of her children, which were her strength and her glory, were dead, as the Hebrew doctors relate.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 2:5

[They that were] full have hired out themselves for (e) bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.

(e) They sell their labours for necessary food.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
full:

Psalms 34:10 The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good [thing].
Luke 1:53 He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.

the barren:

1 Samuel 1:20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, [saying], Because I have asked him of the LORD.
Psalms 113:9 He maketh the barren woman to keep house, [and to be] a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the LORD.

waxed feeble:

1 Samuel 1:6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren, thou [that] didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou [that] didst not travail with child: for more [are] the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 15:9 She that hath borne seven languisheth: she hath given up the ghost; her sun is gone down while [it was] yet day: she hath been ashamed and confounded: and the residue of them will I deliver to the sword before their enemies, saith the LORD.
Galatians 4:27 For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 1:6, 20. Ps 34:10; 113:9. Is 54:1. Jr 15:9. Lk 1:53; 16:25. Ga 4:27.

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