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1 Samuel 2:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Behold, the days are coming when I will break your strength and the strength of your father’s house so that there will not be an old man in your house.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thy arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Behold, days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lo! days are coming, when I will hew off thine arm, and the arm of the house of thy father,—that there shall be no elder in thy house;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Lo, days [are] coming, and I have cut off thine arm, and the arm of the house of thy father, that an old man is not in thy house;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Behold the days come: and I will cut off thy arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Behold, the dayes come, that I will cut off thine arme, and the arme of thy fathers house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Behold, the days come when I will destroy thy seed and the seed of thy father's house.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
come, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
that I will cut off 1438
{1438} Prime
גָּדַע
gada`
{gaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to fell a tree; generally to destroy anything.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
thine arm, 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
and the arm 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
of thy father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
house, 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
that there shall not be x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
an old man 2205
{2205} Prime
זָקֵן
zaqen
{zaw-kane'}
From H2204; old.
in thine house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 2:31

_ _ I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father’s house — By the withdrawal of the high priesthood from Eleazar, the elder of Aaron’s two sons (after Nadab and Abihu were destroyed, [Numbers 3:4]), that dignity had been conferred on the family of Ithamar, to which Eli belonged, and now that his descendants had forfeited the honor, it was to be taken from them and restored to the elder branch.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 2:27-36.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 2:31

Arm — That is, I will take away thy strength, or all that in which thou placest thy confidence, either, the ark, which is called God's strength, Psalms 78:61, and was Eli's strength, who therefore was not able to bear the very tidings of the loss of it. Or, his priestly dignity or employment, whence he had all his honour and substance. Or rather, his children, to whom the words following here, and in the succeeding verses, seem to confine it. Father's house — That is, thy children's children, and all thy family which was in great measure accomplished, 1 Samuel 22:16, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 2:31

Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine (x) arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.

(x) Thy power and authority.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I will cut:
That is, I will destroy the strength, power, influence, and authority of thee and thy family; of which the arm of man being the instrument, is used as the emblem.
1 Samuel 4:2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men.
1 Samuel 4:11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
1 Samuel 4:17-20 And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken. ... And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she answered not, neither did she regard [it].
1 Samuel 14:3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
1 Samuel 22:17-20 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also [is] with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD. ... And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.
1 Kings 2:26-27 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou [art] worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. ... So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
1 Kings 2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.
Job 22:9 Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.
Psalms 37:17 For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but the LORD upholdeth the righteous.
Ezekiel 30:21-24 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword. ... And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh's arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded [man].
Ezekiel 44:10 And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 4:2, 11, 17; 14:3; 22:17. 1K 2:26, 35. Jb 22:9. Ps 37:17. Ezk 30:21; 44:10.

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