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1 Samuel 18:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Jonathan and David solemnised a covenant,—because he loved him as his own soul.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jonathan maketh—also David—a covenant, because he loveth him as his own soul,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David and Jonathan made a covenant, for he loved him as his own soul.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Ionathan and Dauid made a couenant, because he loued him as his owne soule.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Yehonathan and Dawid made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן 3083
{3083} Prime
יְהוֹנָתָן
Y@hownathan
{yeh-ho-naw-thawn'}
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
and Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
made 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a covenant, 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
because he loved y160
[0160] Standard
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
x157
(0157) Complement
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
him as his own soul. 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 18:3

_ _ Then Jonathan and David made a covenant — Such covenants of brotherhood are frequent in the East. They are ratified by certain ceremonies, and in presence of witnesses, that the persons covenanting will be sworn brothers for life.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 18:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
made a covenant:

1 Samuel 20:8-17 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father? ... And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
1 Samuel 20:42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
1 Samuel 23:18 And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
2 Samuel 9:1-3 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake? ... And the king said, [Is] there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, [which is] lame on [his] feet.
2 Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD'S oath that [was] between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
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1S 20:8, 42; 23:18. 2S 9:1; 21:7.

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