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1 Samuel 17:43 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Philistine said unto David, [Am] I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Philistine said to David, [Am] I a dog, that thou comest to me with staffs? and the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Philistine said to David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said the Philistine unto David, A dog, am, I, that thou art coming unto me, with sticks? And the Philistine cursed David, by his god.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the Philistine saith unto David, 'Am I a dog that thou art coming unto me with staves?' and the Philistine revileth David by his gods,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Philistine said to David: Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with a staff? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Philistine said vnto Dauid, Am I a dog, that thou commest to me with staues? And the Philistine cursed Dauid by his gods.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Philistine said to David, Am I as a dog, that thou comest against me with a staff and stones? [and David said, Nay, but worse than a dog]. And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Pelishti said unto Dawid, [Am] I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Pelishti cursed Dawid by his elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the Plit פְּלִשׁתִּי 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
[Am] I x595
(0595) Complement
אָנֹכִי
'anokiy
{aw-no-kee'}
A primitive pronoun; I.
a dog, 3611
{3611} Prime
כֶּלֶב
keleb
{keh'-leb}
From an unused root meaning to yelp, or else to attack; a dog; hence (by euphemism) a male prostitute.
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
comest 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me with staves? 4731
{4731} Prime
מַקֵּל
maqqel
{mak-kale'}
From an unused root meaning apparently to germinate; a shoot, that is, stick (with leaves on, or for walking, striking, guiding, divining).
And the Plit פְּלִשׁתִּי 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
cursed 7043
{7043} Prime
קָלַל
qalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) light, literally (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or figuratively (easy, trifling, vile, etc.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
by his lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:42-47.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:40-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 17:43

Dog — Dost thou think to beat me as easily as thou wouldst thy dog?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 17:43

And the Philistine said unto David, [Am] I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine (o) cursed David by his gods.

(o) He swore by his gods that he would destroy him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Am:

1 Samuel 24:14 After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea.
2 Samuel 3:8 Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ishbosheth, and said, [Am] I a dog's head, which against Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David, that thou chargest me to day with a fault concerning this woman?
2 Samuel 9:8 And he bowed himself, and said, What [is] thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I [am]?
2 Samuel 16:9 Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head.
2 Kings 8:13 And Hazael said, But what, [is] thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, The LORD hath shewed me that thou [shalt be] king over Syria.

cursed:

Genesis 27:29 Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed [be] every one that curseth thee, and blessed [be] he that blesseth thee.
Numbers 22:6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they [are] too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, [that] we may smite them, and [that] I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest [is] blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.
Numbers 22:11-12 Behold, [there is] a people come out of Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth: come now, curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to overcome them, and drive them out. ... And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they [are] blessed.
Judges 9:27 And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode [the grapes], and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.
Proverbs 26:2 As the bird by wandering, as the swallow by flying, so the curse causeless shall not come.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:29. Nu 22:6, 11. Jg 9:27. 1S 24:14. 2S 3:8; 9:8; 16:9. 2K 8:13. Pv 26:2.

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