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1 Samuel 17:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then a champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there went out a champion from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose hight [was] six cubits and a span.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And there went out a champion from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there came forth a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, Goliath, his name, from Gath,—his height, six cubits and a span;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And there goeth out a man of the duellists from the camps of the Philistines, Goliath [is] his name, from Gath; his height [is] six cubits and a span,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there went out a man baseborn from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Geth, whose height was six cubits and a span:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there went out a champion out of the campe of the Philistines, named Goliath of Gath: whose height [was] sixe cubites and a span.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And there went forth a mighty man out of the army of the Philistines, Goliath, by name, out of Gath{gr.Geth}, his height [was] four cubits and a span.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Pelishtim, named Golyath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And there went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a champion 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
1143
{1143} Prime
בֵּינַיִם
benayim
{bay-nah'-yim}
Dual of H0996; a double interval, that is, the space between two armies.
out of the camp 4264
{4264} Prime
מַחֲנֶה
machaneh
{makh-an-eh'}
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים, 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
named 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Goly גָּליָת, 1555
{1555} Prime
גָּלְיָת
Golyath
{gol-yath'}
Perhaps from H1540; exile; Goljath, a Philistine.
of Ga גַּת, 1661
{1661} Prime
גַּת
Gath
{gath}
The same as H1660; Gath, a Philistine city.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
whose height 1363
{1363} Prime
גֹּבַהּ
gobahh
{go'-bah}
From H1361; elation, grandeur, arrogance.
[was] six 8337
{8337} Prime
שֵׁשׁ
shesh
{shaysh}
(The second form is masculine); a primitive number; six (as an overplus (see H7797) beyond five or the fingers of the hand); as ordinal sixth.
cubits 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
and a span. 2239
{2239} Prime
זֶרֶת
zereth
{zeh'-reth}
From H2219; the spread of the fingers, that is, a span.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 17:4-11

_ _ 1 Samuel 17:4-11. Goliath challenges a combat.

_ _ a championHebrew, a “man between two”; that is, a person who, on the part of his own people, undertook to determine the national quarrel by engaging in single combat with a chosen warrior in the hostile army.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 17:4

Six cubits — At least, nine feet, nine inches high. And this is not strange; for besides the giants mentioned in Scripture, Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus, and Pliny, make mention of persons seven cubits high.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 17:4

And there (a) went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.

(a) Between the two camps.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Goliath:

1 Samuel 17:23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard [them].
1 Samuel 21:9-10 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it [is here] wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take [it]: for [there is] no other save that here. And David said, [There is] none like that; give it me. ... And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
2 Samuel 21:19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew [the brother of] Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear [was] like a weaver's beam.
1 Chronicles 20:5 And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff [was] like a weaver's beam.

of Gath:

1 Samuel 27:4 And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him.
Joshua 11:22 There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.
2 Samuel 21:16-22 And Ishbibenob, which [was] of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear [weighed] three hundred [shekels] of brass in weight, he being girded with a new [sword], thought to have slain David. ... These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
1 Chronicles 20:4-8 And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, [that was] of the children of the giant: and they were subdued. ... These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

whose height:

Deuteronomy 3:11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.
1 Chronicles 11:23 And he slew an Egyptian, a man of [great] stature, five cubits high; and in the Egyptian's hand [was] a spear like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.
Amos 2:9 Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them, whose height [was] like the height of the cedars, and he [was] strong as the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath.

six cubits:
According to Bp. Cumberland's calculation, the height of Goliath was about eleven feet ten inches; but Parkhurst estimating the ordinary cubit at seventeen inches and a half, calculates that he was nine feet six inches high. Few instances can be produced of men who can be compared with him. Pliny says, "The tallest man that hath been seen in our days was one name Gabara, who, in the days of Claudius, the late Emperor, was brought out of Arabia. He was nine feet nine inches." Josephus mentions a Jew, named Eleazar, whom Vitellius sent to Rome, who was seven cubits, or ten feet two inches high. Becanus saw a man near ten feet, and a woman that was full ten feet. And, to mention no more, a man of the name of John Middleton, born at Hale, near Warrington, in Lancashire, in the reign of James the First, was more than nine feet high. Dr. Plott, in his history of Staffordshire, says, that "his hand, from the carpus to the end of the middle finger, was seventeen inches, his palms eight inches and a half broad, and his whole height was nine feet three inches; wanting but six inches of the height of Goliath of Gath."
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Dt 3:11. Jsh 11:22. 1S 17:23; 21:9; 27:4. 2S 21:16, 19. 1Ch 11:23; 20:4, 5. Am 2:9.

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